TOPICS IN AQUATIC ECOLOGY

EFB 797, section 4, 1 credit
SPRING SEMESTER 2001

 To see this semester's schedule, click here

Meeting time: Tuesdays 4:00-5:00 PM
Location: 305 Illick
Instructor: Kimberly L. Schulz
Office Hours: Tuesdays 1:30-3:00 PM, Wednesdays 11:30-1, or by appointment
Contact information:
      phone: 470-6808 (office); x-4753 (lab)
      rooms: 456 (office); 454 (lab)
      email: kschulz@syr.edu
      website: http://www.esf.edu/course/kschulz

The major objective in this semester’s ‘Topics in Aquatic Ecology’ course is to learn about the current state of aquatic science.  Each week we will read both a review paper (preferably one written within the past decade) and one of the papers cited in the review paper.  The review paper can be on any area of aquatic ecology – from lakes to streams to wetlands to estuaries to oceans; from bacteria to plankton to fish; from littoral to pelagic to benthic.

Some possible review papers and/or topics are listed on the following page.  I encourage you to choose a topic different from your thesis research, but any review paper in aquatic science is fine.  Journals such as BioScience, Aquatic Ecology, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, and Trends in Ecology and Evolution are some of the many good places to search for reviews.

Choose papers and check them with me first, more than one week in advance.  Two copies of the assigned papers will be placed in an envelope attached to my office door (456 Illick) a week before the seminar.  Please take them only long enough to read or photocopy.

Your responsibilities for this seminar will be:

    - Choose a week to lead discussion
    - Choose a topic for your week
    - Select papers at least one week before you are to lead discussion
    - On your week, briefly (~10-20 minutes) summarize articles and bring in a summary ‘cheat sheet’
    - On your week, lead an interesting discussion
    - On other weeks, read the papers and come with your questions and thoughts
    - Participate in discussion
    - On the last week of seminar, bring in ~2 written pages with your thoughts on the state of aquatic science, any generalizations about
        review paper style or methods, or anything else you've learned in this seminar.

Grading will be based on:
    - Class participation and attendance (~40%)
    - Your summary of the papers on your week (~20%)
    - Leading of discussion on your week (~20%)
    - Short (2 pages) final paper (~20%)
 

Examples of current in aquatic ecology that have been the subject of some recent review papers:

· Regulation of stream flow to manage/restore stream function:
        · Poff, N.L., J.D. Allan, M.B. Bain, J.R. Karo, K.L. Prestegaard, B.D. Richter, R.E. Sparks, J.C. Stromberg. 1997. The natural flow
            regime: a paradigm for river conservation and restoration. BioScience 47(11): 769-784.
        · Schmidt, J.C., R.H. Webb, R.A. Valdez, G.R. Marzolf and L.E. Stevens. 1998. Science and values in river restoration in the Grand
            Canyon. BioScience. 48(9): 735-747.
· Use of wetlands as nutrient retainers
        · Helfield, J.M. and M.L. Diamond. 1997. Use of constructed wetlands for urban stream restoration: A critical analysis.
            Environmental Management.  21(3): 329-341.
· Floodplain ecosystems
        · Bayley, P.B. 1995. Understanding large river-floodplain ecosystems.  BioScience 45: 153-158.
        · Johnson, B.L., W.B. Richardson, and T.J. Naimo. 1995. Past, present, and future concepts in large river ecology. BioScience 45: 134-141.
· Toxic/harmful algal blooms
· Switches from macrophyte to phytoplankton dominated lakes -- alternate stable states
        · Blindow, I., A. Hargeby, and G. Andersson. 1997. Alternate stable states in shallow lakes -- what causes a shift? In E. Jeppesen,
            M. Soendergaard, and K. Christoffersen. The structuring role of submerged macrophytes in lakes. Springer, Berlin. pp. 353-368.
        · Scheffer, M. and E. Jeppesen. 1997. Alternative stable states. Ecological Studies Analysis & Synthesis. In Jeppeson, E., M. Sondergaard,
            K. Christoffersen (editors) Ecological Studies; The structuring role of submerged macrophytes in lakes. pp. 397-406.
· 'Dead zones' in estuaries and shallow ocean regions
· Influence of the hyporheic (substream) zone on stream organisms and flow
        · Boulton A.J., S. Findlay, P. Marmonier, E.H. Stanley and H.M. Valett. 1998. The functional significance of the hyporheic zone in
            streams and rivers. Annual Review of Ecology & Systematics 29: 59-81
· Invasive species and their effects on lakes and streams
· 'Stoichiometry' - Phytoplankton nutrient composition as a factor in zooplankton nutrition
· Pelagic-benthic coupling
        · Macintyre, S. and J.M. Melack. 1995. Vertical and horizontal transport in lakes: Linking littoral, benthic, and pelagic habitats.
            Journal of the North  American Benthological Society. 14(4): 599-616.
· Top down control -- does it really work?
        · Hansson, L-A., H. Annadotter, E. Bergman, S.F. Hamrin, E. Jeppesen, T. Kairesalo, E. Luokkanen, P-A Nilsson, M Sondergaard,
            and J. Strand. 1998. Biomanipulation as an application of food-chain theory: constraints, synthesis, and recommendations for temperate
            lakes. Ecosystems. 1(6): 558-574.
· Effects of UV light on aquatic organisms and ecosystems
· Role of microbes in aquatic systems
        · Cole, J.J. 1999. Aquatic microbiology for ecosystem scientists: new and recycled paradigms in ecological microbiology.
            Ecosystems 2: 215-225.
· Role of viruses in aquatic systems
        · Wilhelm, S.W. and C.A. Suttle. 1999. Viruses and nutrient cycles in the sea.  BioScience 49(10): 781-788.

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