Garner, D.L. and W.F. Porter. 1990. Movements and seasonal home ranges of bull moose in a pioneering Adirondack population. ALCES, 26:80-85.
Abstract: Seasonal movements and home range size of 4 adult male moose in a pioneering population in northern New York State were examined. Average rate of movements varied significantly (P< 0.001) among years, seasons within years, and individuals. Mean rate of movement during summer was 0.4 km/day, while mean rate of movement during wither was 0.2 km/day. Movements increased tenfold during fall as compared to other seasons. Summer home ranges were significantly (P < 0.10) larger than winter home ranges. Extensive movements by males in the fall may have important behavioral, physiological, and demographic implications, particularly in small populations.