Abstract: Within a forested ecosystem in the Adirondack Mountains of New York, net N mineralization and nitrification rates were measured at different landscape positions (zones). Net N mineralization rates (0-15 cm depth) were less (39 kg N.ha-1 per year) within a wetland without alder and with a coniferous overstory than an upland conifer zone (82 kg N.ha-1 per year) and an upland hardwood zone (107 kg N.ha-1 per year). Net N mineralization rates (39 to 82 kg N.ha-1 per year) and the forest floor N concentrations (2.3 to 2.5%) were higher than values reported (1.2-29 kg N.ha-1 and 1.1-2.12%, respectively) for other spruce forests. The net nitrification rates were higher at the upland hardwood zone (29 kg N.ha-1 per year) than the upland conifer zone (2 kg N.ha-1 year). The wetland conifer zone without alders had an intermediate rate of net nitrification (13 kg N.ha-1 year) compared with the upland zones. The presence of white alder (Alnus incana (L.) Moench) in the wetland increased the NO3 content and net nitrification rate of the soil.