Oyer, A. M. 2002. Localized management of white-tailed deer in the
central Adirondack Mountains, New York. M.S. Thesis,
State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry,
Syracuse, 211 pp.
Abstract: The social behavior of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
provides an opportunity for a new approach to managing deer populations.
In northern forests, female deer associate in multigeneration social groups
and exhibit a high degree of site fidelity. I tested whether localized
removal of a social group created a persistent area of low deer density
on Huntington Wildlife Forest in the central Adirondacks, New York.
I examined relative abundance and home ranges of deer to determine if the
removal created a low density area, how long the low density area persisted,
and the origin of repopulating females. Abundance declined due to
the removal. Home range analysis showed that no radiocollared deer
from surrounding areas moved into the removal area and that deer density
was reduced for 5 years. Repopulating deer originated from within
the removal area or immediately adjacent to it.