Partial Beech BibliographyBeech Working Group at SUNY-ESF
Batista, W. B., Platt, W. J., & Macchiavelli, R. E. (1998). Demography of a shade-tolerant tree (Fagus grandifolia) in a hurricane-disturbed forest. Ecology, 79, 38-53.
Bohn, K. K., & Nyland, R. D. (2003). Forecasting development of understory American beech after partial cutting in uneven-aged northern hardwood stands. Forest Ecology and Management, 180, 453-461.
Cicak, A., & Mihal, I. (2002). Relationship of necrotic disease of beech trunks to the sociological position of trees in the stand. Journal of Forest Science, 48(5), 225-229.
Dukes, J. S., Pontius, J., Orwig, D., Garnas, J. R., Rodgers, V. L., Barazee, N., et al. (2009). Responses of insect pests, pathogens, and invasive species to climate change in the forests of northeastern North America: what can we predict? Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 39, 231-248.
Faison, E. K., & Houston, D. R. (2004). Black bear foraging in response to beech bark disease in Northern Vermont. Northeastern Naturalist, 11(4), 387-395.
Forrester, J. A., McGee, G. G., & Mitchell, M. J. (2003). Effects of beech bark disease on aboveground biomass and species composition in a mature northern hardwood forest, 1985 to 2000. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 130(2), 70-78.
Gavin, D. G., & Peart, D. R. (1993). Effects of beech bark disease on the growth of American beech (Fagus grandifolia). Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 23, 1566-1575.
Griffin, J. M., Lovett, G. M., Arthur, M. A., & Weathers, K. C. (2003). The distribution and severity of beech bark disease in the Catskill Mountains, N.Y. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33, 1754-1760.
Hane, E. N. (2003). Indirect effects of beech bark disease on sugar maple seedling survival. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33, 807-813.
Hane, E. N., Hamburg, S. P., Barber, A. L., & Plaut, J. A. (2003). Phytotoxicity of American beech leaf leachate to sugar maple seedlings in a greenhouse experiment. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33, 814-821.
Houston, D. R. (1975). Beech bark disease: the aftermath forests are structured for a new outbreak. Journal of Forestry, 73, 660-663.
Houston, D. R. (2005). Beech bark disease: 1934 to 2004: what's new since Ehrlich? In Beech bark disease: proceedings of the beech bark disease symposium, Saranac Lake, NY (Vol. NE-133, pp. 149). Newtown Square, PA: USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station.
Jones, R. H., & Raynal, D. J. (1988). Root sprouting in American beech (Fagus grandifolia): effects of root injury, root exposure, and season. Forest Ecology and Management, 25, 79-90.
Krasny, M. E., & Digregorio, L. M. (2001). Gap dynamics in Allegheny northern hardwood forests in the presence of beech bark disease and gypsy moth disturbances. Forest Ecology and Management, 144, 265-274.
Latty, E. F., Canham, C. D., & Marks, P. L. (2003). Beech bark disease in northern hardwood forests: The importance of nitrogen dynamics and forest history for disease severity. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33(2), 257-268.
Lovett, G. M., Canham, C. D., Arthur, M. A., Weathers, K. C., & Fitzhugh, R. D. (2006). Forest ecosystem responses to exotic pests and pathogens in eastern North America. BioScience, 56(5), 395-405.
Lunderstadt, J. (1998). Impact of external factors on the population dynamics of beech scale (Cryptococcus fagisuga)(Hom., Pseudococcidae) in beech (Fagus sylvatica) stands during the latency stage. Journal of Applied Entomology, 122, 319-322.
McGee, G. G. (2000). The contribution of beech bark disease-induced mortality to coarse woody debris loads in northern hardwood stands of Adirondack Park, New York, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 30, 1453-1462.
Melillo, J. M., Aber, J. D., & Muratore, J. F. (1982). Nitrogen and lignin control of hardwood leaf litter decomposition dynamics. Ecology, 63(3), 621-626.
Morris, A. B., Small, R. L., & Cruzan, M. B. (2002). Investigating the relationship between Cryptococcus fagisuga and Fagus grandifolia in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Southeastern Naturalist, 1(4), 415-424.
Morris, A. B., Small, R. L., & Cruzan, M. B. (2004). Variation in frequency of clonal reproduction among populations of Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. in response to disturbance. Castanea, 69(1), 38-51.
Nyland, R. D. (2008). Origin of small understory beech in New York northern hardwood stands. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry, 25(3), 161-163.
Nyland, R. D., Bashant, A. L., Bohn, K. K., & Verostek, J. M. (2006). Interference to hardwood regeneration in northeastern North America: Ecological characteristics of American beech, striped maple, and hobblebush. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry, 23(1), 53-61.
Papaik, M. J., Canham, C. D., Latty, E. F., & Woods, K. D. (2005). Effects of an introducen pathogen on resistance to natural disturbance: beech bark disease and windthrow. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35(8), 1832-1843.
Poulson, T. L., & Platt, W. J. (1996). Replacement patterns of beech and sugar maple in Warren Woods, Michigan. Ecology, 77(4), 1234-1253.
Runkle, J. R. (2005). Twenty-four years of change in an old Tsuga canadensis woods affected by beech bark disease. Torrey Botanical Society, 132(3), 483-491.
Shigo, A. L. (1972). The beech bark disease today in the northeastern U.S. Journal of Forestry, 70, 286-289.
Storer, A. J., Rosemier, J. N., Beachy, B. L., & Flaspohler, D. J. (2005). Potential effects of beech bark disease and decline in beech abundance on birds and small mammals. In C. Evans & J. Lucas (Eds.), Beech bark disease: proceedings of the beech bark disease symposium, Saranac Lake, NY (Vol. NE-133, pp. 149). Newtown Square, PA: USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station.
Twery, M. J., & Patterson, W. A. (1984). Variations in beech bark disease and its effects on species composition and structure of northern hardwood stands in central New England. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 14, 565-574.
Wainhouse, D. (1980). Dispersal of first instar larvae of the felted beech scale, Cryptococcus fagisuga. Journal of Applied Ecology, 17, 523-532.
Wiggins, G. J., Grant, J. F., & Welbourn, W. C. (2001). Allothrombium mitchello (Acari: Trombidiidae) in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Incidence, seasonality, and predation on beech scale (Homoptera: Eriococcidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 94(6), 896-901.