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Course Descriptions

Web Catalog Information Subject to Change

The web version of the ESF Catalog is updated as needed throughout the year. To view the version officially associated with a particular date of entry to the College, please refer to the appropriate catalog of record.

Course Descriptions

PSE

PSE 132 Orientation Seminar: Paper Science and Engineering (1)
One hour lecture per week or three-hour lab/field trip per week. Introduction to campus resources available to ensure academic success. Introduction to paper engineering as a field of inquiry and career path. Fall.
Note: Credit will not be granted for both BPE 132 and PSE 132.

PSE 200 Introduction to Papermaking (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Historical and commercial consideration of the paper industry. Topics include wood handling, pulping, stock furnish, stock preparation and paper machine operation. Introductory discussions of papermaking technology, materials and paper making processes including environmental aspects. Fall.

PSE 201 The Art and Early History of Papermaking (3)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of studio per week. This papermaking course provides a historical (Asia - Far East) and artistic perspective in both lecture and studio formats. History lectures will include the influence of paper in non-western cultures as a practical medium for human communication and as a versatile medium for expression of various paper art forms. Studio sessions will vary but generally will focus on historical papermaking by hand using non-western techniques and those paper art forms of far eastern origin. More modern techniques in the creation of paper art forms will also be explored in studio sessions. Fall.

PSE 202 Pulp and Paper Laboratory Skills (1)
Three hours of laboratory per week provide a working knowledge of fundamental papermaking concepts. "Survival" skills learned enable students to perform well in subsequent PSE courses as well as summer employment. Operations and skills include: pulp preparation and analysis, papermaking, paper testing, report writing and team work. Spring.
Pre- or co-requisite: PSE 200 (concurrent registration).

PSE 223 Introduction to Lignocellulosics (4)
Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Topics included: structure and chemistry of lignocellulosic materials such as wood, including bark, agriculture residues, and grasses; major (cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin) and minor constituents (extractives, proteins, ash); biosynthesis, distribution, structure, properties, conversion into energy, chemicals, and other products. Spring.
Pre-requisite: One semester of organic chemistry.

PSE 296 Special Topics in Engineering (1 - 3)
Provides experimental, interdisciplinary, or special coursework at the freshman and sophomore levels within the field of environmental resources engineering. Subject matter and course format vary from semester to semester and section to section. Fall and Spring.

PSE 304 Mill Experience (2)
Twelve weeks full time pulp or paper mill employment approved by the Department between the junior and senior years. The student must submit a comprehensive report and give a presentation to fulfill this requirement. Fall, Spring and Summer.
Pre- or co-requisites: PSE 300, PSE 302.

PSE 305 Co-op Experience (2)
One semester full-time pulp or paper mill experience. Work experience as an engineering intern on company-assigned projects. Traditionally, the student works for a semester and adjacent summer also taking PSE 304. The student must submit a comprehensive report and give a presentation to fulfill this requirement. Fall and Spring.
Pre- or co-requisites: PSE 300, PSE 302.

PSE 350 Pulping and Bleaching Processes (3)
Two hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory per week. Discussion of the principles and fundamental chemistry applied in chemical pulping, chemical bleaching, and deinking processes. Transport and physical operations involved in fiber dispersion, washing, screening and refining. Conduct experiments in chemical pulping, chemical bleaching, de-inking, fiber refining and pulp evaluation. Spring.
Prerequisites: PSE 300, FCH 223 or PSE 223. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 350 and PSE 550.

PSE 351 Pulping and Bleaching Laboratory Skills (3)
One hour of lecture per week provides background and information necessary for the three hours of laboratory per week. Students learn basic principles of chemical pulping and bleaching in a practical research format. Relative success in laboratory pulping and bleaching is determined by comparing results using over twenty standard test methods. Spring.
Pre- or co-requisites: FCH 223, FCH 360, FCH 380 with PSE 350 (concurrent registration).

PSE 361 Engineering Thermodynamics (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Principles of classical thermodynamics applied to engineering practice. First and second laws; heat effects; property functions and their correlation; physical and chemical equilibrium; solutions and mixtures; power and refrigeration cycles. Thermodynamic analysis of processes and systems via case studies and computer simulation. Spring.
Prerequisites: MAT 296, FCH 152, PHY 211. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 361 and ERE 561.

PSE 370 Principles of Mass and Energy Balance (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Conservation of mass and energy applied to steady-state and dynamic process units and systems. Problem analysis and solution; computational techniques. Thermodynamic data and their use; real vs. perfect gases; steam properties; psychrometry. Fall.
Pre- or co-requisite(s): PHY 211, MAT 296 (or concurrent), FCH 152.

PSE 371 Fluid Mechanics (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Fluid statics. Principles of mass, energy and momentum balance. Bernoulliís equation. Application to pipe flows, flow measurement and porous media. Movement of particles in fluid media. Rheology of fluids and suspensions typical in the pulp and paper industry (pulps, black liquor, etc.). Filtration and sedimentation of fibrous and particulate suspensions. Characteristics of pumps. Flow systems with economic considerations. Fall.
Prerequisites: PHY 211, FCH 152, MAT 296 or APM296. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 371 and PSE 571.

PSE 436 Pulp and Paper Unit Operations (3)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Applications of momentum, heat, and mass transfer to operations in the pulp and paper industry. Topics include pulp flow, heater and heat exchanger design, black liquor evaporation, humidification, steam systems, paper and pulp drying, gas absorption, pulp washing, leaching, and extraction. Laboratory exercises include paper drying, pulp washing and cleaning, heat exchanger operations, and gas absorption for liquor preparation. Spring.
Prerequisites: PSE 361, PSE 370, PSE 371, BPE 335.

PSE 437 Equipment Troubleshooting and Maintenance (3)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory and/or recitation discussions per week, plus literature study of assigned topics. Provides students with fundamental knowledge in troubleshooting and maintenance of industrial machines, processes and systems used in pulp and paper, bioprocess, and chemical engineering field. Spring and/or Fall.
Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 437 and PSE 637.

PSE 438 Biorenewable fibrous and nonfibrous products (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Three credit-hour advanced science course through the topics in the production and properties of lignocellulosic products. Topics cover fibrous products including different paper grades, nanocellulose and cellulose derivatives, and nonfibrous products including products of enzymatic and/or chemical conversion of biomass constituents. Spring and/or Fall.
Prerequisite(s): PSE465 Fiber and Paper Properties and/or PSE237 Introduction to Lignocellulosics or consent of instructor. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 438 and PSE 638.

PSE 450 Pulping and Bleaching Processes (3)
Two hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory per week plus a critical review of recent literature on assigned topics including a technical write-up and presentation. Discussion of principle and fundamental chemistry in pulping and bleaching processes. Conducted experiments in pulping, bleaching and pulp evaluation. Spring.
Prerequisites: PSE 350. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 450 and PSE 650.

PSE 456 Management in the Paper Industry (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Provides the student with inter-active contact with active executives in the paper and allied industries. The student will develop and present studies of business cases in discussion forum to the class. An understanding of how general managers operate to manage an entire organization will be presented by visiting experts, class participation, group presentations, written papers and examinations. Spring.
Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 456 and PSE 656.

PSE 465 Fiber and Paper Properties (3)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Evaluation, study, and discussion of the physical, optical, and chemical properties of fibers, non-fibrous paper additives, and paper. The interrelationships between papermaking fibers, nonfibrous additives, and manufacturing methods, and their effects on the final quality of paper are discussed in correlation with different test methods. Fall or Spring.
Prerequisite: PSE202 Introduction to Papermaking

PSE 466 Paper Pigment and Barrier Coating (3)
Two hours of lecture per week. Discussion and study of surface sizing, various pigment coating formulations, and introduction to polymers used in barrier coating. Study of equipment used in coating operations, fundamental principles, and parameters which control their use and the effects on final paper properties. Spring or Fall.
Prerequisite: PSE465 Fiber and Paper Properties

PSE 467 Papermaking Wet End Chemistry (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Provides the student with the fundamental principles of colloid and surface chemistry as they relate to the interaction of papermaking materials and chemical additives in the wet end of a papermachine system. The topics of retention of fine solids and dewatering are addressed in detail. Application of the various topics presented during the course are made during a pilot papermachine trial. Spring.
Note: Credit will not be granted for both: PSE 467 and BPE 310.

PSE 468 Papermaking Processes (6)
One hour of lecture, six hours of laboratory per week. Laboratory study of the papermaking process, with emphasis on operation of the semi-commercial Fourdrinier paper machine. Emphasis is on the fundamentals of pulping, stock preparation, paper machine operation, evaluation of the finished product, and the collection and analysis of data to develop material and energy balances. Results of each paper machine run are evaluated in seminar-type discussions. Spring.
Prerequisites: PSE 300, PSE 370, PSE 465. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 468 and PSE 668.

PSE 469 Functional and Nano Additives (3)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory and/or recitation discussions per week, plus literature study of assigned topics. Provides the student with fundamental knowledge of structure, occurrence and preparation of mineral materials, the concepts of mineralogy -with an emphasis on carbonates, silicates (clay, talcum), titanium dioxide, sulphates, aluminum compounds, as well as pigments. The use of mineral materials in paper making applications. Consideration of ecological and economic aspects in relation to the mineral applications. Spring and/or Fall.
Pre- or co-requisites: PSE 465. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 469 and PSE 669.

PSE 477 Process Control (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Presents an introduction to the principles of process control. Linear analysis, LaPlace transforms, and nonlinear simulation are presented and applied to feedback, and feedforward control. Examples of process simulation, accuracy and stability of control are drawn from paper industry processes. Fall.
Prerequisite: APM 485 or equivalent. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 477 and PSE 677.

PSE 480 Engineering Design Economics (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Steps of process design, engineering economic analysis, estimation of capital investment, operating costs, profitability measures, evaluation of alternatives, inflation. Modeling and computer simulation of process units and systems; use of software. Design exercises and case studies. Spring.
Prerequisites: PSE 370, MAT 296.

PSE 481 Engineering Design (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Design-project procedure; data sources and development. Application of simulation and computer-aided design to process synthesis and plant layout. Formulation and solution of original design problems. Fall.
Prerequisites: PSE 371, PSE 372, PSE 480. Pre- or co-requisite: PBE 335.

PSE 492 Research Practice (3)
One hour of lecture per week and six hours of laboratory and/or recitation discussions, plus literature study of assigned topics, with emphasis on managing and executing a research project in the pulp and paper, bioprocess, chemical and environmental sector. Provides the student with in-depth knowledge of literature and patent search, correct research techniques, research planning, data gathering techniques and reporting. Fall.
Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 492 and PSE 792. Student needs to register for PSE 498 in Spring for research project execution.

PSE 496 Special Topics (1 - 3)
Lectures, conferences and discussions. Specialized topics in chemistry, chemical engineering and physics as well as topics pertaining to management as related to the pulp, paper, paperboard and allied industries. Fall and Spring.

PSE 498 Research Problem (1 - 4)
The student is assigned a research problem in pulping, bleaching, refining, additives, quality control of paper or paper products, or chemical engineering. The student must make a systematic survey of available literature on the assigned problem. Emphasis is on application of correct research technique rather than on the results of commercial importance. The information obtained from the literature survey, along with the data developed as a result of the investigation, is to be presented as a technical report. Fall, Spring and Summer.

PSE 550 Fiber Processing (3)
Two hour of lecture, three hours of laboratory per week. Discussion of the principles and fundamental chemistry applied in chemical pulping, chemical bleaching, and deinking processes. Transport and physical operations involved in fiber dispersion, washing, screening and refining. Conduct experiments in chemical pulping, chemical bleaching, de-inking, fiber refining and pulp evaluation. Spring.
Prerequisites: Graduate student standing or consent of instructor. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 350 and PSE 550.

PSE 552 Fiber Materials Recycling and Processing (3)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory and/or recitation discussions per week, plus literature study of assigned topics. Topics include advanced process operation and calculations for deinking, dispersion, washing, cleaning and bleaching of recycled fiber raw materials including related chemistry used in the paper processing industry. Spring and or Fall.

PSE 570 Principles of Mass and Energy Balances (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Conservation of mass and energy applied to steady-state and dynamic process units and systems. Problem analysis and solution; computational techniques. Thermodynamic data and their use; real vs. perfect gases; steam properties; psychrometry. Computer simulation of steady and non-steady state process systems. Fall.
Prerequisites: Physics, Calculus, and General Chemistry. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 370 and PSE 570.

PSE 571 Fluid Mechanics (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Fluid statics. Principles of mass, energy and momentum balance. Bernoulliís equation. Application to pipe flows, flow measurement and porous media. Movement of particles in fluid media. Rheology of fluids and suspensions typical in the pulp and paper industry (pulps, black liquor, etc.) Filtration and sedimentation of fibrous and particulate suspensions. Characteristics of pumps. Flow systems with economic considerations. Analysis of some papermaking operations such as drainage, dewatering, vacuum dewatering and wet pressing. Fall.
Prerequisites: Physics, Chemistry, Calculus. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 371 and PSE 571.

PSE 596 Special Topics (1 - 3)
Lectures, conferences, discussions and laboratory. Topics in environmental and resource engineering not covered in established courses. Designed for the beginning graduate student or selected upper-division undergraduate. Fall and/or Spring.

PSE 637 Equipment Troubleshooting and Maintenance (3)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory and/or recitation discussions per week, plus literature study of assigned topics. Provides students with fundamental knowledge in troubleshooting and maintenance of industrial machines, processes and systems used in pulp and paper, bioprocess, and chemical engineering field. Spring and/or Fall.
Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 437 and PSE 637.

PSE 638 Biorenewable Fibrous and Nonfibrous Products (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Three credit-hour advanced science course through the topics in the production and properties of biorenewable products for graduate students. Topics include fibrous products such as different paper grades; printing and writing paper, paper board, tissue, and specialty papers, and nanocellulose and cellulose derivatives and nonfibrous products such as hemicelluloses, lignin, pectins, extractives and products of enzymatic and chemical conversion of carbohydrates. Independent academic research component required. Spring and/or Fall.
Prerequisite(s): PSE 465 Fiber and paper Properties and/or, PSE 223 Introduction to Lignocellulosics or consent of instructor. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 438 and PSE 638.

PSE 650 Pulping and Bleaching Processes (3)
Two hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory per week plus a critical review of recent literature on assigned topics including a technical write-up and presentation. Discussion of principle and fundamental chemistry in pulping and bleaching processes. Conducted experiments in pulping, bleaching and pulp evaluation. Spring.
Prerequisite(s): Organic, physical and analytic chemistry. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 450 and PSE 650.

PSE 656 Management in the Paper Industry (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Provides the student with interactive contact with active executives in the paper and allied industries. The student will develop and present studies of business cases in discussion forum to the class. An understanding of how general managers operate to manage an entire organization will be presented by visiting experts, class participation, group presentations, written papers, and examinations. The student will critically review selected literature and present their findings. Spring.
Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 456 and PSE 656.

PSE 665 Fiber and Paper Properties (3)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Advanced science course in evaluation, study, and discussion of the physical, optical, and chemical properties of fibers, non-fibrous paper additives, and paper. The interrelationships between fibers and nonfibrous paper additives, and manufacturing methods, and their effects on the final paper quality of paper are discussed. Independent academic research required. Spring and/or Fall.
Prerequisite: PSE 202 Introduction to Papermaking. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 465 and PSE 665.

PSE 666 Paper Pigment and Barrier Coating (3)
Two hours of lecture per week. Advanced course in materials and processes used in surface sizing, pigment coating, and barrier coating for graduate students. Study of equipment used in coating operations, fundamentals and parameters, which control their use and effects on final paper properties. Independent literature research with report and presentation on a selected topic. Spring and/or Fall.
Prerequisite: PSE 465 Fiber and Paper Properties. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 466 and PSE 666.

PSE 667 Colloidal and Interface Science Applications in Papermaking (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Provides the student with the fundamental principles of Colloidal and Interface Science as it relates to the interaction of papermaking materials and chemical additives in the wet end of a paper machine system. The topics of retention of fine solids and dewatering are addressed in detail. Spring.
Pre- or co-requisite: Physical chemistry.

PSE 668 Papermaking Processes (6)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week. Study of the papermaking process from theoretical and practical standpoints featuring the operation of the pilot paper machines. Emphasis is on the fundamentals of stock preparation and paper machine operations, papermaking process and product design, evaluation of the finished product, and the collection and analysis of process data. An independent project is required in conjunction with the undergraduate paper machine runs. Spring.
Pre- or co-requisite(s): PSE 300, PSE 370, PSE 665. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 468 and PSE 668.

PSE 669 Functional and Nano Additives (3)
Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory and/or recitation discussions per week, plus literature study of assigned topics. Provides the student with fundamental knowledge of structure, occurrence and preparation of mineral materials, the concepts of mineralogy -with an emphasis on carbonates, silicates (clay, talcum), titanium dioxide, sulphates, aluminum compounds, as well as pigments. The use of mineral materials in paper making applications. Consideration of ecological and economic aspects in relation to the mineral applications. Spring and/or Fall.
Pre- or co-requisites: PSE465 Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 469 and PSE 669.

PSE 677 Process Control (3)
Three hours of lecture per week. Presents an introduction to the principles of process control. Linear analysis, LaPlace transforms, and nonlinear simulation are presented and applied to feedback, and feedforward control. Examples of process simulation, accuracy and stability of control are drawn from paper industry processes. Process identification using numerical techniques and MATLAB. Fall.
Prerequisite: Differential Equations. Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 477 and PSE 677.

PSE 792 Research Practice (3)
One hour of lecture per week and six hours of laboratory and/or recitation discussions, plus literature study of assigned topics. with emphasis on managing and executing a research project in the pulp and paper, bioprocess, chemical and environmental sector. Provides the student with in depth knowledge of literature and patent search, correct research techniques, research planning, data gathering techniques and reporting. Fall.
Note: Credit will not be granted for both PSE 492 and PSE 792. Student needs to register for PSE 798 in Spring for research project execution.

PSE 796 Advanced Topics (1 - 3)
Lectures, conferences, discussions and laboratory. Advanced topics in forest engineering, paper science and engineering, and wood products engineering. Fall and/or Spring.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

PSE 797 Seminar (1 - 3)
Discussion of assigned topics in the fields related to Paper Science Engineering. Spring and Fall.

PSE 798 Research in Paper Science Engineering (1 - 12)
Independent research topics in Paper Science Engineering. Fall, Spring or Summer.
Credit hours to be arranged.

PSE 898 Professional Experience/Synthesis (1 - 6)
A supervised, documented professional work experience in the Master of Professional Studies degree program. Fall, Spring, or Summer.
Pre- or co-requisite(s): Approval of proposed study plan by advisor, Faculty, and any sponsoring organization.

PSE 899 Master's Thesis Research (1 - 12)
Research and independent study for the master's thesis. Fall, Spring or Summer.
Credit hours to be arranged.

PSE 999 Doctoral Thesis Research (1 - 12)
Research and independent study for the doctoral dissertation. Fall, Spring or Summer.
Credit hours to be arranged.


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