* Special Course Codes
(Code indicates course meets certain program or accreditation requirements. Ignore if there is no relevance to this program of study.)
G = General Education course (GenEd)
E = Engineering
ES = Engineering Sciences
M = Mathematics
NS = Natural Sciences
PE = Professional Education
S = Summer-only course
Undergraduate Study: General Education and Special Academic Options
Web Catalog Information Subject to Change
The web version of the ESF Catalog is updated as needed throughout the year. To view the version officially associated with a particular date of entry to the College, please refer to the appropriate catalog of record.
Undergraduate Study: General Education & Special Academic Options
The State University of New York requires graduates of bachelor degree programs to successfully complete 30 credit hours of general education coursework distributed among 10 different knowledge and skill areas; students pursuing a degree at ESF are required to complete at least 3 credit hours of coursework each, from at least 7 of the 10 knowledge and skill areas to fulfill the SUNY requirement. The core of the curricula for all ESF undergraduate degree programs satisfies several of the requirements, including those for the natural science, basic communications, mathematics, and humanities general education knowledge and skill areas. For the remaining general education knowledge and skill area requirements, students must complete an additional 15 credit hours distributed among courses chosen from at least three of the five remaining knowledge and skill areas, or as specifically designated by their degree programs.
The courses listed below may be chosen to satisfy SUNY general education requirements in each of the nine knowledge and skill areas. Please note that more than 40 of these courses are taught in the College of Arts and Sciences at Syracuse University. General education courses listed with the prefix APM, EFB, FOR, LSA, or PSE are taught at SUNY-ESF and can be found in the Course Descriptions section of this catalog. Course descriptions for Syracuse University courses can be found online at http://coursecatalog.syr.edu/.
|APM 103||Applied College Algebra and Trigonometry||3|
|APM 104||College Algebra and Precalculus||3|
|APM 105||Survey of Calculus and Its Applications I||4|
|APM 106||Survey of Calculus and Its Applications II||4|
|APM 115||Essential Calculus||4|
|APM 205||Calculus I for Science and Engineering||4|
|APM 391||Introduction to Probability and Statistics||3|
|MAT 112||Algebraic Operations and Functions||3|
|MAT 117||Foundational Mathematics via Problem Solving I||3|
|MAT 118||Foundational Mathematics via Problem Solving II||3|
|MAT 121||Probability and Statistics for the Liberal Arts I||4|
|MAT 122||Probability and Statistics for the Liberal Arts I||4|
|MAT 295||Calculus I||4|
|MAT 296||Calculus II||4|
|EAR 101||Dynamic Earth||4|
|EFB 101||General Biology I: Organismal Biology and Ecology||3|
|EFB 102||General Biology I Laboratory||1|
|EFB 103||General Biology II: Cell Biology and Genetics||3|
|EFB 104||General Biology II Laboratory||1|
|EFB 120||The Global Environment and the Evolution of Human Society||3|
|EFB 320||General Ecology||4|
|FCH 110||Survey of Chemical Principles||3|
|FCH 150||General Chemistry I||3|
|FCH 151||General Chemistry Laboratory I||1|
|FCH 152||General Chemistry II||3|
|FCH 153||General Chemistry Laboratory II||1|
|FCH 210||Elements of Organic Chemistry||4|
|FCH 221||Organic Chemistry I||3|
|FCH 222||Organic Chemistry Laboratory I||1|
|FCH 223||Organic Chemistry II||3|
|FCH 224||Organic Chemistry Laboratory II||1|
|FOR 232||Natural Resources Ecology||3|
|PHY 211||General Physics I||3|
|PHY 212||General Physics II||3|
|PHY 221||General Physics I Laboratory||1|
|PHY 222||General Physics II Laboratory||1|
|EFB 120||The Global Environment and the Evolution of Human Society||3|
|EST 221||Introduction to American Government||3|
|EST 366||Attitudes, Values and the Environment||3|
|EST 390||Social Processes and the Environment||3|
|FOR 202||Introduction to Sociology||3|
|FOR 207||Introduction to Economics||3|
|GEO 103||America and the Global Environment||3|
|MAX 132||Global Community||3|
|PAF 101||An Introduction to the Analysis of Public Policy||3|
|PSC 123||Comparative Government and Politics||3|
|PSC 124||International Relations||3|
|PSC 125||Political Theory||3|
|PSY 205||Foundations of Human Behavior||3|
|SOC 248||Ethnic Inequalities and Intergroup Relations||3|
|SOC 281||Sociology of Families||3|
For all students:
|EST 201||US History Reconstruction to the Present||3|
|EST 202||American History: From Discovery to Civil War||3|
|FOR 204||Natural Resources in American History||3|
|HST 101||American History to 1865||3|
|HST 102||American History Since 1865||3|
For students scoring above 84 on the U.S. History Regents examination:
|EST 361||History of the American Environmental Movement||3|
|FOR 203||Western Civilization and the Environment||3|
|HOA 105||Arts and Ideas I||3|
|HOA 106||Arts and Ideas II||3|
|HST 111||Early Modern Europe, 1350-1815||3|
|HST 210||The Ancient World||3|
|HST 211||Medieval and Renaissance Europe||3|
|HST 212||Religion in Medieval and Reformation Europe||3|
|LIT 203||Greek and Roman Epic in English Translation||3|
|LIT 211||Greek and Roman Drama in English Translation||3|
|LSA 205||Art, Culture and Landscape I||3|
|LSA 206||Art, Culture and Landscape II||3|
|LSA 305||History of Landscape Architecture I||3|
|PSC 125||Political Theory||3|
|REL 205||Ancient Greek Religion||3|
|REL 206||Greco-Roman Religion||3|
|The Hebrew Bible|
The Hebrew Bible
Other World Civilizations
|AAS 241||African Religions: An Introduction||3|
|ANT 121||Peoples and Cultures of the World||3|
|ANT 185||Global Encounters:Comparing World Views & Values Cross-Culturally||3|
|Modern South Asian Cultures|
Modern South Asian Cultures
|ANT 326||Africa Through the Novel||3|
|EFB 217||Peoples, Plagues, and Pests||3|
|EFB 305||Indigenous Issues and the Environment||3|
|EST 140||Introduction to Native Peoples, Lands & Cultures||3|
|EST 200||Cultural Ecology||3|
|GEO 272||World Cultures||3|
|HST 320||Traditional China||3|
|HST 321||Modern China||3|
|PSE 201||The Art and Early History of Papermaking||3|
|REL 101||Religions of the World||3|
|AAS 231||African American Literature to 1900: An Introduction||3|
|AAS 235||African American Drama||3|
|EST 245||Foundations of Environmental Communication||3|
|ETS 107||Living Writers||3|
|ETS 151||Interpretation of Poetry||3|
|ETS 153||Interpretation of Fiction||3|
|ETS 192||Gender and Literary Texts||3|
|EWP 290||Research Writing and Humanities||3|
|LIN 201||The Nature and Study of Language||3|
|LIT 203||Greek and Roman Epic in English Translation||3|
|PHI 107||Theories of Knowledge and Reality||3|
|PHI 111||Plato’s Republic||3|
|REL 217||The New Testament||3|
|REL 231||Judaic Literature||3|
|REL 252||Religious Ethics and Social Issues||3|
|APH 261||Art Photography, Introduction||3|
|ETS 215||Introductory Poetry Workshop||3|
|ETS 217||Introductory Fiction Workshop||3|
|EWP 350||Eco-Cinema: Perspectives & Practices (Honors)||3|
|HOA 105||Arts and Ideas I||3|
|HOA 106||Arts and Ideas II||3|
|HOA 201||Masterpieces of Art||3|
|HOA 276||Visual Arts in North America||3|
|HOA 377||Nineteenth-Century American Art||3|
|HOM 125||Introductory Music Theory||3|
|HOM 165||Understanding Music I||3|
|HOM 166||Understanding Music II||3|
|LSA 182||Drawing Studio||3|
|LSA 205||Art, Culture and Landscape I||3|
|LSA 206||Art, Culture and Landscape II||3|
|PSE 201||The Art and Early History of Papermaking||3|
|EWP 190||Writing and the Environment||3|
|EWP 405||Writing for Science Professionals||1 - 3|
Students who are pursuing undergraduate degrees may pursue dual majors. Program requirements must be satisfied concurrently (i.e., a student cannot graduate from ESF and return later to complete coursework for a second major). The diploma will state the completion of a single degree. The transcript will state the completion of two majors. Admission to a dual major will be accomplished by petition to the primary degree department or academic unit that has been endorsed (approved) by the secondary degree department.
Inter-department dual majors:
Students must satisfy requirements of both majors.
Intra-department dual majors:
- SCME: Construction Management and Wood Products Engineering allowed with each other;
- PBE: Bioprocess Engineering allowed with either Paper Engineering or Paper Science;
- FNRM: no dual majors between the three majors (FRM, NRM, and FES); forest technology and surveying technology degrees allowed for A.A.S. degrees;
- EFB: Only Biotechnology with other EFB majors except environmental biology.
Students may petition for admission to a dual major A.A.S. degree after completing 18 credits and before 45 credits with an unambiguous GPA of 2.000 or greater (no grades of incomplete or missing grades).
Students pursuing the B.S. degree may petition admission to a dual major after completing 30 credits and before completing 90 credits in the primary major with an unambiguous GPA of 2.000 or greater (no grades of incomplete or missing grades).
In addition to academic majors available at ESF, many departments offer academic “minors” for undergraduate students to build an area of additional breadth outside their major program of study. Admission to undergraduate minors for ESF students is via petition, with additional application requirements as noted in the descriptions of the minors below. Successful completion of a minor will be noted on the transcript of each student.
This minor provides students with an opportunity to extend their understanding of and ability to apply statistical methods beyond the basic techniques presented in introductory courses. The minor is intended to provide students with a strong background in statistical design (both sampling design and experimental design) and analysis. The 12-credit minor consists of two required courses (6 credits), APM 391 (or APM 395) and FOR 323 and 6 credits of directed electives of advanced courses, independent study, or teaching experience related to applied statistics.
This minor requires 12 credits and includes the required courses (6 credits) and directed electives (6 credits) listed below. Other applied statistics courses may be substituted by petition for any course in the directed elective list with the approval of the FNRM Undergraduate Education Committee.
Required Courses (6 credits):
|Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Introduction to Statistics in Engineering
|3 (cannot use both)|
|FOR 323||Forest Biometrics||3|
Choose from the following directed electives (6 credits):
|APM 620||Experimental Design and Analysis of Variance||3|
|APM 625||Sampling Methods||3|
|FOR 495||Undergraduate Teaching Assistance (must be in association with APM 391 or FOR 323)||1|
|FOR 498||Independent Study (under guidance of instructor of APM applied statistics courses)||2-3|
Students from all programs at ESF are eligible for this minor if they have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with same standing).
The bioprocess science minor gives students an understanding of the rapidly developing bioprocessing industry, which uses the chemical, physical and biological processes developed by living organisms or their cellular components in a type of advanced manufacturing of specialty commercial products. Bioprocess science will influence diverse fields as it becomes widely used, such as for producing energy from sustainable sources.
The bioprocess science minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students (except students in the bioprocess engineering program) who maintain a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.70, and who desire to develop greater knowledge of bioprocess science and its related fields. Interested students must submit a petition and application form, with courses listed, to their academic advisor and the chair of their department, with final approval from the dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies. Students should declare the minor by the end of the sophomore year, but may petition to their home department for enrollment at any time after that. Successful completion of the minor will be noted on the student’s transcript.
Eighteen credit hours (6 courses) are required to satisfy the minor. Specified courses: PSE 370 Principles of Mass and Energy Balance (3); BPE 310 Colloid and Interface Science (3); BPE 420 Bioseparations (3); and at least three directed elective courses available from both ESF and Syracuse University including biology, forestry, chemical engineering, chemistry, paper science and engineering, bioprocess engineering, and environmental and biological engineering. Students are required to complete at least one course from a list of biological and chemistry electives and at least one course from a list of engineering electives. The complete list of courses is available from faculty advisors.
Coordinator: Dr. William Powell
The minor in biotechnology is for students who wish to add knowledge of biotechnology theories and methodologies to the experiences and qualifications gained from their undergraduate program. Required courses develop a basis for understanding biotechnology, both at the theoretical and practical levels. Directed electives allow students to focus on an area of interest in the field. The minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students except those in the biotechnology major.
Twenty credit hours of coursework are required for completion of the minor. Seventeen credits of specified courses include EFB 307 Principles of Genetics (3); EFB 308 Principles of Genetics Lab (1); BTC 401 Molecular Biology Techniques (4); EFB 325 Cell Biology (3); FCH 530 Biochemistry I (3); and FCH 532 Biochemistry II (3). One directed elective course (for a minimum of three credits) must be selected from the following list. A maximum of eight credits can count toward both major and minor requirements; overlap in excess of this number must be offset by taking additional courses from the directed elective list.
- BTC 425 Plant Biotechnology (3)
- BTC 426 Plant Tissue Culture Methods (3)
- BTC 498 Research Problems in Biotechnology (3-6)
- BTC 420 Internship in Biotechnology (3)
- EFB 303 Introductory Environmental Microbiology (4)
- FCH 531 Biochemistry Lab (3)
- BIO 464 Applied Biotechnology (4) (SU)
- MEDT 439 Applied Techniques in Medical Biotechnology (2) (SUNY Upstate)
Coordinator: Dr. Mark Teece
The Minor in Chemistry is open to all undergraduates at SUNY-ESF. Admission to the Chemistry minor requires sophomore, or higher, status, students to have completed one year of General Chemistry (I and II) with lab (8 credits) and one year of Organic Chemistry (I and II) with lab (8 credits).
Fifteen credit hours of upper division chemistry credits (300 level or above) are required from a list of suggested courses, including:
- FCH 325 Organic Chemistry III - 4
- FCH 360 Physical Chemistry I - 3
- FCH 380 Analytical Chemistry I - 3
- FCH 361 Physical Chemistry II - 3
- FCH 381 Analytical Chemistry II - 3
- FCH 384 Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds - 2
- FCH 410 Inorganic Chemistry - 3
- FCH 530 Biochemistry I - 3
- FCH 531 Biochemistry Laboratory - 3
- FCH 532 Biochemistry II - 3
- FCH 510 Environmental Chemistry I - 3
- FCH 511 Environmental Chemistry II - 3
- FCH 515 Methods of Environmental Chemical Analysis - 3
- FCH 550 Polymer Science: Synthesis and Mechanisms - 3
- FCH 551 Polymer Techniques - 3
- FCH 552 Polymer Science: Properties and Technology - 3
Coordinator: Dr. Gary Scott
The computer and information technology minor is available to all ESF undergraduates who want to develop greater skill in computer science and information technology applications. By understanding the basic principles behind software development, students can more effectively use these tools in their chosen fields. To be eligible for this minor, a student must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.700 or better by the end of the sophomore year. Interested students must submit a petition form and plan sheet, with courses listed, to their academic advisor and undergraduate coordinator, with final approval from the Dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies. Eighteen credit hours (6 courses) in computer science and information technology courses are required to complete the minor.
Required Courses: (12 credits)
- Choose One:
- GNE 160 Computing Methods for Engineers and Physical Scientists (3)
- APM 360 Introduction to Computer Programming (3)
- ERE 335 Numerical and Computing Methods (3)
- ESF 200 Information Literacy (1)
- CIS 252 Introduction to Computer Science (4)
- CIS 351 Data Structures (4)
Elective Courses: (6 credits)
- CME 410 Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (3)
- ERE 622 Digital Image Analysis (3)
- ESF 300 Introduction to Geospatial Information Technologies (3)
- CIS 3xx Any CIS course offered at the 300, 400, and 500 level
- CSE 282 Systems Software Design (3)
- CSE 283 Introduction to Object-Oriented Design (3)
- CSE 351 Mathematical Analysis of Digital Systems (3)
- CSE 381 Computer Architecture (3)
- CSE 458 Data Networks: Basic Principles
- CSE 464 Introduction to VLSI Design (3)
- CSE 471 Introduction to Embedded System Design (3)
- CSE 482 Principles of Software Engineering (3)
- CSE 483 C# and Windows Programming (3)
- CSE 484 Introduction to Computer and Network Security (3)
- CSE 486 Design of Operating Systems (3)
- CSE 561 Digital Machine Design (3)
- CSE 565 Introduction to VLSI Testing and Verification (3)
- CSE 571 Switching Theory (3)
- CSE 581 Introduction to Database Management Systems (3)
- CSE 588 Translator Design (3)
Coordinators: Paul Crovella and Dr. Susan Anagnost
The construction management minor is available to all ESF undergraduates (except students in construction management) and prepares students for management careers in the construction industry. Admission to the minor requires sophomore status, with a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or higher.
Eighteen credit hours (6 courses) are required to complete the minor. Four courses are specified, with an additional two courses selected from the list of six courses given below. A cumulative grade point average of 2.000 or higher is required for the construction management courses.
Specified courses: CME 255 Plan Interpretation and Quantity Takeoff (3); CME 343 Construction Estimating (3); CME 453 Construction Planning and Scheduling(3); CME 454 Construction Project Management(3).
Two additional courses are chosen from the following: CME 330 Building Codes and Zoning Practices (3); CME 331 Construction Safety (3); CME 335 Cost Engineering (3); CME 350 Construction Methods and Equipment (3); CME 444 Materials Marketing (3); CME 455 Construction Contracts and Specifications (3).
Coordinator: Dr. John Wagner
Economics analyzes how people with limited resources make choices and provides the fundamentals for good decision-making. The minor in economics provides students with common microeconomic models and tools that can be used to analyze optimal management and policy decisions in natural resources management.
The Economics minor totals 15 credits. Required courses are FOR207 Introduction to Economics (3) and ECN301 Intermediate Microeconomic Theory (3) or ECN311 Intermediate Math Microeconomics (3). In addition, students must choose from the following directed electives (a minimum of 9 credits): FOR333 Natural Resources Managerial Economics (3); FOR454 Renewable Energy Finance and Analysis (3); FOR495 Undergraduate Teaching Assistant (must be in association with FOR207 or FOR333) (3); FOR670 Resource and Environmental Economics (3) or ECN437 Resource and Environmental Economics (3); ESC422 Energy Markets and Regulation (3); ERE430 Engineering Decision Analysis (3) or FIN301 Essentials of Finance (3). It is the responsibility of the student to meet any prerequisites associated with courses in the minor.
Admission to the minor requires students to have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with the same standing).
Coordinator: Dr. Greg McGee
This minor provides students the opportunity to explore fundamentals of molecular, cellular and organismal biology and ecology and to develop laboratory and field proficiencies in the discipline. The minor is open to ESF undergraduate students, including those in biotechnology but excluding all other EFB programs, who maintain a GPA of at least 2.70 after completing at least one semester at ESF and who have completed the following prerequisite courses or their equivalents: EFB 101/102 and 103/104 General Biology (8); and FCH 150/151 and 152/153 General Chemistry (8).
Eighteen credit hours of biology courses are required to satisfy the minor, including EFB 320 General Ecology (4); EFB 307/308 Principles of Genetics w/ laboratory (4); EFB 311 Principles of Evolution (3); 7 credits of directed biology electives that may include EFB 202, 210 and 211 and any 300+ level EFB course except EFB 420, 495 and 498.
The Environmental Health minor will introduce students to environmental health with a core context of epidemiology and toxicology; the minor requires 15-17 credit hours. There are 3 required courses (7 credit hours): EHS250 Foundations of Environmental Health(1), EFB360 Epidemiology(3), and EFB400 Toxic Health Hazards(3). Students will have the flexibility to explore a variety of components by selecting an additional three courses (8-10 credit hours) from among the following: EHS440 Occupational Health and Safety(3), EHS350 Environmental Health Management(3), EHS320 Disease Prevention(2), FST102 Food fights: Contemporary Food Issues(3), FCH399 Introduction to Atmospheric Science(3), ENS470 Environmental Risk Assessment(3), EST245 Foundations of Environmental Communication(3), EHS480 Hazardous Waste Management(3), EFB303 Introductory Environmental Microbiology(4).
The Environmental Health minor will be available to students in all majors (except Environmental Health) who want to increase their knowledge of the impact of the physical environment on human health.
Some of the courses have additional pre-requisites, and students should investigate this before selecting courses to fulfill the minor requirements.
Students must have a minimum GPA of 2.7 to apply. Interested students should submit the minor enrollment form accompanied by a list of courses to fulfill the minor requirements to their faculty advisor and the Environmental Health minor coordinator, with final approval from the Dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies.
Coordinator: Dr. Benette Whitmore
The minor in Environmental Writing & Rhetoric is open to all undergraduates at SUNY-ESF. To be eligible for entry into the minor, students need a minimum GPA of 2.70 and have successfully completed the prerequisite courses EWP 190 and EWP 290 or their equivalent (Students may apply for entry to the minor prior to completion EWP 290).
Coursework (12 credits total):
- Required Core Course (3 Credits)
- EWP 300: Survey of Environmental Writing
- Literature & Film Courses (3 Credits)
- EWP 311: Urban Environmental Literature
- EWP 350: Eco-Cinema: Perspectives and Practices
- EWP 390: Literature of Nature
- EWP 490: Contemporary Literature of Nature
- Advanced/Professional Writing Courses (3 Credits)
- EWP 407: Writing for Environmental & Science Professionals
- EWP 420: Advanced Public Presentation Skills
- EWP 494/694: Creative Non-Fiction for the Sciences
- EWP 495: Environmental Journalism
- Directed Electives (3 credits) Choose from:
- EWP 401: Capstone Experience (with permission of instructor), or
- Another three-credit, upper-division EWP course (300 or 400-level)
Coordinator: Dr. Rene Germain
The minor in forestry draws from the biological, physical, social, and managerial sciences. The curriculum aids in understanding the biological complexities of the forest and the interactions between the forest and social and economic demands. The minor is designed to provide students with an appreciation of forest resources management. Course themes include forest measurements, forest ecology, forest management and silviculture, and forest policy and economics.
Admission to the minor requires students to have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with same standing).
The minor in Forestry requires 16 credits. It is the responsibility of the student to meet any prerequisites associated with courses in the minor. Required courses are FOR 322 Forest Mensuration (3) (prerequisite of FOR 304 or equivalent); FOR 332 Forest Ecology (3) (prerequisite of FOR 232 or EFB 320 or equivalent); FOR 334 Silviculture (4); FOR 370 Forest Management Decision Making and Planning (3) or FOR 373 Forest Operations (3) (prerequisites for FOR 370: FOR 322 and FOR 334; prerequisites for FOR 373: FOR 322 and FOR 334); FOR 333 Natural Resource Managerial Economics (3) or FOR 465 Natural Resources Policy (3) (prerequisite for FOR 333: FOR 207 or equivalent; no prerequisites for FOR 465).
Coordinator: Dean Scott Shannon
In collaboration with the Syracuse University School of Information Studies (the i-School), ESF also offers an undergraduate minor in Information Management and Technology for ESF students. This minor is designed to give students knowledge of information technology and an understanding of information and communications problems. It complements many majors because all organizations need people who understand information resources and information technology. To be eligible for this minor, students must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better and apply for the minor after completing at least one semester at ESF, but as soon after that as possible to ensure all courses can be completed. It is preferable students begin the minor during their sophomore year.
The following 18 credits of courses are required: ITS 195 Information Technologies (3); 9 credits of ITS elective coursework; and one course from each of the following two general areas of study:
- IST 233 Introduction to Computer Networking (3)
- IST 352 Applications of Information Systems (3)
- IST 459 Introduction to Database Management Systems (3)
- IST 335 Introduction to Information-based Organizations (3)
- IST 352 Information Analysis of Organizational Systems (3)
- IST 445 Managing Information Systems Projects (3)
For questions regarding the selection of elective coursework, please contact Elaine Morgan with the i-School at 443-1830 or email@example.com
Coordinator: Rene Germain
The management minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students who want to develop greater skills and knowledge of business fundamentals. In addition to understanding basic financial and managerial accounting principles, students can further develop focus in their minor through coursework in entrepreneurship, finance, marketing, human resources, and other topics.
Admission to the minor requires sophomore status, a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better and permission (via the ESF Minor Enrollment Form) of the Coordinator of the minor. Normally, students are allowed to take only one management course at Syracuse University's Whitman School per semester, so careful planning is required.
The management minor requires fifteen (15) credits, six (6) credits from a required course and nine (9) credits of elective courses. It is the responsibility of the student to meet any prerequisites associated with any courses in the minor.
Required Course (6 credits):
FOR 360 - Principles of Management (3)
- and -
FOR 205 - Principles of Accounting (3)
- or -
CME 151 - Introduction to Financial Accounting (3)
Elective Courses (9 credits):
CME 252 - Introduction to Managerial Accounting (3)
CME 444 - Materials Marketing (3)
ENS 422 - Energy Markets and Regulation (3)*
EST 450 - Sustainable Enterprise (3)
FOR 485 - Business and Managerial Law (3)
FOR 454 - Renewable Energy Finance and Analysis (3)*
ERE 519 - Green Entrepreneurship (3)
PSE 456 - Management in the Paper Industry (3)
BUA100 & BUA200 - Business Essentials I & II (Must take both courses: credit will not be given if students only complete one course) (6)
EEE 370 - Introduction to Entrepreneurship and Emerging Enterprises (3)
EEE 375 - Entrepreneurial and Family Business Management (3)
EEE 382 - Entrepreneurial Marketing (3)
EEE 442 - Emerging Enterprise Law (3)
EEE 443 - Emerging Enterprise Consulting (3)
FIN 301 - Essentials of Finance (3)
MAR 301 - Essentials of Marketing (3)
SHR 247 - Introduction to Strategic Management (3)
*Students in the Sustainable Energy Management major may not use ENS 422 and FOR 454 to satisfy the requirements in the Management minor.
Coordinator: Dr. Kim Schultz
The marine science minor is available to students in all majors who want to increase their knowledge of marine systems. Prior to admission students must have completed one year of General Biology (EFB 101/102 and EFB 103/104) and one year of General Chemistry (FCH 150/151), or equivalent, and have earned a cumulative GPA of 2.70. Some of the directed elective courses have additional pre-requisites, which will not count toward the minor.
This minor requires at least 12 credits from the list below, with no more than 3 courses taken from any one department, and no more than 3 credit hours of lower division credits counted. Other marine science courses may be substituted by petition for any course in the directed elective list with approval of the marine science curriculum coordinator.
Although not required, all participants in the marine science minor are encouraged to incorporate a field or hands-on component in their choice of courses. Such courses include EFB 423 Marine Ecology (weekend field trip), the Sea Education Association courses, approved field courses from other marine stations or institutions, and approved internship (e.g., EFB 420) or approved independent research (e.g., EFB 498, ENS 498, FCH 498) opportunities related to marine topics (must be approved in advance by the marine science minor coordinator).
Fisheries Science and Management
Water and Our Environment
History of Earth and Life
Introduction to Paleobiology
Topics in Paleobiology
Seafloor Spreading and Oceanographic Lithosphere
Quaternary Environmental and Climate Change
Geography of Coastal Environments
In addition, the following Sea Education Association courses would count toward the minor without petition, and not subject to the lower division requirement described above (221 Oceanography, 224 Practical Oceanographic Research, 225 Practical Oceanography I, 226 Practical Oceanography II, 320 Ocean Science and Public Policy, 321 Oceans in the Global Carbon Cycle, 324 Advanced Oceanographic Field Methods, 325 Directed Oceanographic Research, 326 The Ocean and Global Change, 327 Toward a Sustainable Ocean: Conservation and Management, 450 Advanced Topics in Biological Oceanography: Biodiversity).
Coordinator: Dr. Gary Scott
The mathematics minor is available to all ESF undergraduates who have an interest in developing greater knowledge in the field of mathematics. To be eligible for this minor, a student must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.700 or better by the end of the sophomore year. Interested students must submit a petition form, with courses listed and plan sheet, to their academic advisor and undergraduate coordinator, with final approval from the Dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies. Sixteen credit hours (5 courses) in mathematics courses are required to complete the minor. Admission to the mathematics minor requires students to have completed Calculus I and Calculus II.
Required Courses: (7 credits)
- APM 307 Calculus III for Scientists and Engineering (4)
- Choice of:
- APM 485 Differential Equations for Engineers and Scientists (3)
- MAT 331 First Course in Linear Algebra (3)
Elective Courses: (9 credits)
- APM 395 Probability and Statistics for Engineers (3)
- APM 485 Differential Equations for Engineers and Scientists (3)
- APM 585 Partial Differential Equations for Engineers and Scientists (3)
- APM 635 Multivariate Statistical Methods (3)
- APM 645 Nonparametric Statistics and Categorical Data Analysis (3)
- MAT 4xx Any MAT course numbered 400 or above (3)
Coordinators: Rob Smith, MS and Susan Anagnost, PhD
The Microscopy Minor is available to all undergraduates at ESF, surrounding Universities and interested scientists who desire the latest information on sample preparation methods, practical use and understanding of all microscopes and interpretation of results. Covered within these classes are the following techniques and microscopies: live imaging by light, fluorescence, confocal, polarized, phase, Nomarski, super resolution, Raman, Biacore, Atomic Force and the more involved sample preparation for Electron Microscopy. All scopes are explained in a correlative and interactive approach to each other so that cellular and subcellular image interpretation with digital recordings can be interpreted correctly. Also covered is their ancillary equipment needed for effective use: microtomes (paraffin, cryostat and ultra), freeze substitution and freeze fracture devices, metal evaporation equipment, staining methods emphasizing the advantages of each. Practical experience will be given in identifying the various cellular histology components, immunology, antibody tagging and identification of cell ultrastructure organelles (mostly animals but some plants) in healthy and diseased states. In all courses, current topics are covered citing new publications in high impact journals by noted scientists. This Minor will prepare students to effectively use and align a variety of microscopes for applications in biology, nanotechnology, clinical medicine, chemistry, materials science, engineering, pulp and paper, pharmaceuticals and others.
Admission requires junior status and 2.70 GPA.
The minor requires 12 credits of coursework:
- MCR 480 Fundamentals of Microscopy (3)
- MCR 484 Scanning Electron Microscopy (3)
- MCR 485 Transmission Electron Microscopy (3)
- MCR 570 Medical and Industrial Applications of Microscopy (3)
In addition to the required courses, we offer an introductory lab class into transmission electron microscopyalignment, illumination, calibration and imaging of nanoparticles:
- MCR 682 Transmission Electron Microscopy for Nanoparticle Research (2)
Coordinator: Dr. Robin Kimmerer
The Native Peoples and the Environment minor is available to all ESF undergraduates. The interdisciplinary suite of courses provides students with a cohesive introduction to Indigenous cultures, worldviews and knowledge systems and their application to environmental thought. The minor creates a conceptual framework for integrating traditional ecological knowledge with western scientific approaches in service to the science of sustainability. Through the breadth of courses and experiences, students will gain an appreciation for both the global nature and the local context of indigenous issues and the environment. The minor includes a required team taught seminar which enhances opportunities for interdisciplinary and cross-cultural integration.
Fourteen credit hours (5 courses) taken in residence are required to complete the minor. Two courses are specified, with an additional two or three courses selected from the list below. An internship may be used to fulfill a course requirement, if focused on Native peoples and the environment
Admission to the minor requires sophomore status with a cumulative GPA of 2.70 or better. Fourteen credit hours of courses are required.
Two required courses: (6 credits)
- EST140 Introduction to Native Peoples, Lands and Cultures (3)
- EFB 305 Indigenous Issues and the Environment (3)
Two or three courses (8 credits) selected from the following list:
- EFB 306 Plants and Culture
- EFB 337 Field Ethnobotany
- EST 390 Social Processes and the Environment
- EST 497 Onondaga Land Rights and our Common Future
- SOC 444 Contemporary Native American Movements
- NAT 142 Native American Religion
- NAT 400 Haudenosaunee/New York State Relations
- EFB 420 Internship (on Indigenous Issues)
- EFB 496 Ecosystem Restoration Design
- EFB 496 Indigenous Stewardship Seminar
- EFB 496 Indigenous Values and Environmental Decisions
Relevant 496 and 497 courses may be acceptable for inclusion in the minor, by petition to the minor coordinator.
The paper and related industries (including pulp, mineral, chemical and machinery suppliers) continually seek knowledgeable and skilled employees. Each year, companies hire numerous graduates of chemical, mechanical and environmental engineering programs as well as chemists and other environmental professionals in addition to paper science and engineering graduates. Salaries for new hires are among the highest for all fields of study at the bachelor’s degree level. This minor gives students a thorough understanding of the paper industry that will allow them to apply their major field of study to this growth industry.
The paper science minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students (except students in the paper science and paper engineering programs) who maintain a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.70 and who desire to develop greater knowledge of paper science and its related fields. It is recommended that a student enter the minor by the end of the sophomore year, but entry at a later date is possible if course coverage is already in progress.
Eighteen credit hours (6 courses) in paper science courses are required. Specified courses: PSE 300 Introduction to Papermaking (3); PSE 302 Pulp and Paper Laboratory Skills (1); PSE 370 Principles of Mass and Energy Balance (3); and directed electives courses (at least 11 credits): PSE 350 Fiber Processing (3); PSE 437 Troubleshooting and Maintenance (3) ; PSE 465 Paper Properties (4); PSE 466 Paper Coating and Converting (2); PSE 467 Papermaking Wet End Chemistry (3); PSE 468 Papermaking Processes (6).
Coordinator: Dr. Gary Scott
The physics minor is available to all ESF undergraduates who have an interest in developing greater knowledge in the field of physics. To be eligible for this minor, a student must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.7000 or better by the end of the sophomore year. Interested students must submit a petition form, with courses listed and plan sheet, to their academic advisor and undergraduate coordinator, with final approval from the Dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies. Sixteen hours (6 courses) in physics courses are required to complete the minor. Admission to the physics minor requires students to have completed General Physics I (with lab).
Required Courses: (4 credits)
- PHY 212 General Physics II (3)
- PHY 222 General Physics Laboratory II (1)
Elective Courses: (12 credits)
- PHY 3xx Any PHY courses numbered 300 or above
Coordinator: Dr. Diane Kuehn
This minor provides students with the opportunity to combine visitor management with protected area management. Understanding the need to balance the opportunity for visitor experiences with protecting and stewarding protected areas provides professional insight into planning and managing those areas for limited visitor access. Understanding the motivations, preferences, and behavior of recreational users is necessary to integrate the human dimensions into protected area management with consideration of the social and environmental factors related to such management. Protected area managers need to be able to manage both the resource itself as well as a wide variety of users, such as campers, hikers, bird watchers, boaters, nature photographers and others who enjoy nature-based experiences in extensive protected area environments owned by public agencies, private landowners, or NGOs.
Students from all programs at ESF are eligible for this minor if they have completed a general ecology course and have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better in their major program of study after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with same standing). Overlap between the minor and both one required course and one directed elective for a student’s major is permitted; other courses taken for the minor can not overlap with the major.
This interdisciplinary minor requires 15 credits and includes the following courses taught at ESF in the Departments of Forest and Natural Resources Management and Environmental and Forest Biology:
Required Courses (9 credits)
|Course number||Course title||Credit hours|
|EFB 312||Introduction to Personal Environmental Interpretation Methods||3|
|FOR 372||Fundamentals of Outdoor Recreation||3|
|FOR 475||Human Behavior and Recreation Visitor Management||3|
Required independent study or internship (3 credits)
|Course number||Course title||Credit hours|
|FOR 498 Section 20, OR
FOR 499 Section 20, OR
EFB 420 Section 28
|Independent study or internship related to minor||3|
One of the following management/protected area courses (3 credits)
|Course number||Course title||Credit hours|
|EFB 413||Introduction to Conservation Biology||3|
|FOR 403||Humans and the Environment: New Zealand||4|
|FOR 476||Ecotourism and Nature Tourism||3|
|FOR 478||Wilderness and Wildlands Management||3|
|FOR 523||Tropical Ecology||3|
Coordinator: Dr. Tim Volk
The development of sustainable sources of energy has become a critical national and global issue due to concerns about the quality and quantity of the different potential resources, energy security, and potential impacts of each on the environment and human health. It is essential that our society and energy professionals gain an understanding of production and conversion of different forms of energy, their current and future supplies, the markets and policy mechanisms that regulate their supply, and the associated impacts on the environment for each fuel. In the past both traditional and renewable energy sources have been studied one resource at a time and usually from the perspective of a single discipline. This minor will provide students an opportunity to examine different sources of traditional and renewable energy simultaneously in the context of our total energy use using a systems perspective. Students will be exposed to views from a variety of disciplines as they wrestle with a wide array of issues related to current and future energy supply and use.
The understanding and development of renewable energy requires expertise from a wide range of disciplines. This minor will be interdisciplinary in nature with instructors from different disciplines teaching the core courses. The Renewable Energy minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students (except students who are in the renewable energy option in environmental science) who have taken EFB 120 Global Environment & the Evolution of Human Society which is a prerequisite for ENS 325 Energy Systems, and have a GPA of 2.70 or better by the end of their sophomore year. The minor will require a minimum of 15 credits, 12 of which are required courses. The remaining 3 credits can be selected from a list of suggested courses.
Fifteen credit hours of courses are required. Specified courses: ENS 325 Energy Systems (3); ENS 335 Renewable Energy Systems (3); ENS 422 Energy Markets and Regulation (3); ENS 450 Renewable Energy Capstone Planning (1); ENS 460 Renewable Energy Capstone Seminar (2) and a minimum of three credits from the following list of suggested courses: BPE 441 Biomass Energy (3); EFB 516 Ecosystems (3); EFB 518 Systems Ecology (4); ERE 351 Basic Engineering Thermodynamics (2); ERE 519 Green Entrepreneurship (3); FCH 360 Physical Chemistry I (3); FCH 571 Wood Chemistry I: General Wood Chemistry (2); FOR 415 Forestry Consulting and Wood Procurement (3); FOR 454 Renewable Energy Finance and Analysis (3); PSE 361 Engineering Thermodynamics (3); PSE 370 Principles of Mass and Energy Balance (3).
Coordinators: Paul Crovella & Dr. Susan Anagnost
The sustainable construction minor is available to all ESF undergraduates (except students in construction management) and prepares students for careers related to sustainable construction. The objective of the minor is to provide a fundamental understanding of the concepts and methods used to take a design into the field and build a quality sustainable structure in the most efficient and effective manner with minimal environmental impact. Admission to the minor requires sophomore status and a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or higher.
A cumulative grade point average of 2.000 or higher is required for the sustainable construction management courses in order to obtain the minor.
Fifteen credit hours are required to complete satisfy the minor. Choose 5 courses (15 credits) from the following:
- CME 215 Sustainable Construction (3)
- CME 387 Renewable Materials for Sustainable Construction (3)
- CME 305 Sustainable Energy Systems for Buildings (3)
- CME 306 Engineering Materials for Sustainable Construction (3)
- CME 304 Environmental Performance Measures for Buildings (3)
- CME 343 Construction Estimating (3)
- CME 405 Building Information Modeling (3)
- CME 422 Composite Materials for Sustainable Construction (3)
- CME 565 Sustainable Innovations in Residential Construction (3)
- CME 444 Materials Marketing (3)
- CME 453 Planning and Scheduling (3)
- CME 454 Project Management (3)
- EST 426 Community Planning and Sustainability (3)
- EST 427 Environmental & Energy Auditing (3)
- EST 460 Land Use Law (3)
- EST 550 Environmental Impact Analysis (3)
Coordinator: Dr. Margaret Bryant
Twelve credit hours (4 courses) of urban concentration courses are required to satisfy the minor: 6 credits of required courses and 6 credits of electives outside the student's major. Entry into the minor requires a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.70 in residence at ESF.
Core Course Requirements
To satisfy the Minor in Urban Environmental Science, the student must take the following core courses:
|Course #||Course Title||Credits||Expected time of completion (Semester/Year)|
|EST/EFB 220||Urban Ecology||3 credits||(offered Autumn)|
and three credits of a "Capstone" project accomplished from among the following:
|xxx 496||Approved ‘experimental’ course||3 credits|
|xxx 498||Approved Independent Research Project||3 credits|
|xxx 499||Approved Internship||3 credits|
|Established Course||Approved Course||3 credits|
A student enrolled in the minor, will present to the advisory committee in the sixth week of the semester prior to engagement in the learning endeavor, a plan for a “capstone” experience, which will be undertaken working in conjunction with a faculty member(s) who will oversee an off-campus internship (courses numbered 499), independent-study project (courses numbered 498), or completion of a final project undertaken in a special topic (courses numbered 496) or established 3-credit course. All students will present their completed projects to the advisory committee and their peers in the last week of classes, depending on the semester of completion (fall or spring). All students currently enrolled in the minor are expected to attend capstone presentations.
Elective Course Requirements
Outside the student’s Major, 6 additional credits selected from the list of approved courses, which are offered in a faculty other than that of the student’s major, and which are above and beyond those courses being used to satisfy a student’s major, general education or professional requirements.
The Urban Forestry minor will provide students with the opportunity to better understand complex human-dominated ecosystems where trees and people coexist in close proximity. Understanding and attempting to manage this complexity requires a basic knowledge of plant physiology, nutrition, and tending at the individual tree level (arboriculture). In addition, the urban forester also must understand the changing dynamic of groups of trees and the effects of those trees on numerous ecosystem services and human health and well-being in a city (urban forestry). Because human activity is so dominant in the urban ecosystem, it is essential that the urban forester have some understanding of ecological interactions and human motivations for sustaining and maintaining existing trees (urban ecology). The courses listed below will provide the professional knowledge required for careers in these and related fields.
Fifteen credit hours are required: FOR 480 Urban Forestry (3), FOR 481 Introduction to Arboriculture (3), EST 220 Urban Ecology (3), ESF 300 Introduction to Geospatial Information Technologies (3) and LSA 480 Seminar in Urban Design (3).
The interdisciplinary minor includes courses taught in the Departments of Forest and Natural Resources Management, Environmental Studies, and Landscape Architecture. Admission to this minor requires students to have (1) completed a general ecology course (e.g. EFB 320 General Ecology), (2) a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or greater after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with the same GPA).
Coordinators: Dr. John Stella, Dr. Kim Schulz and Dr. Chuck Kroll
Water resources is a multi-disciplinary field that integrates the physical, geochemical and biological processes of the water cycle and their application to management of water resources, water policy, and human dimensions of water quality and quantity. The interdisciplinary minor in water resources is designed as a flexible program for undergraduate students to study and integrate principles of physical hydrology, geochemistry, aquatic and terrestrial ecology, natural resources management, and environmental policy. This interdisciplinary minor can include SUNY ESF courses in the Departments of Forest and Natural Resources Management, Environmental Resources and Forest Engineering, Environmental and Forest Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Studies, as well as courses at Syracuse University in relevant departments including Earth Sciences, Geography, Civil and Environmental Engineering, and Biology. The minor comprises 15 credit hours total, including one required course, FOR 442 Watershed Ecology and Management (3). The remaining twelve units must be taken from a list of approved elective courses in at least two separate departments. Admission to this minor requires that a student from any ESF program has a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with same GPA). Students are responsible for meeting the prerequisite requirements for individual courses, as applicable.
Approved elective courses are:
The ESF Honors Program is a two-way street: the College provides enrichment, experience and special opportunities for our most promising students and our honors students provide leadership and service to the Honors Program, the College, and the broader community. Honors students translate their academic skills into leadership, service or both (e.g., undergraduate student government, leadership or membership on special committees, student clubs), or in campus service (e.g., Orientation Leaders, student mentors, ESF ambassadors). We hope former honors students will return to campus after graduation to share their post-graduate experiences with their younger peers.
In line with these broad goals, ESF offers two distinct honors programs:
The Lower Division Honors Program provides first- and second-year students with value-added educational experiences that engage students in unique challenges. Academic components of the program strengthen exploration and communication skills through interdisciplinary assignments and discussion.
The Upper Division Honors Program provides opportunities for junior and senior students to complete intensive research and creative projects under the guidance of faculty, emphasizing and encouraging holistic and multidisciplinary awareness of the problems and opportunities in studying the environment.
Service-learning is a form of structured experiential education in which students engage with the community to be active learners, enrich their sense of civic responsibility and explore a practical application for course content. Faculty oversight, students’ reflective thinking and college/community reciprocity are key components of service-learning.
For a list of courses that have incorporated service learning in the past, please refer to the service-learning website.
SUNY-ESF is committed to enhancing the internationalization of ESF students’ academic experiences. ESF believes strongly that international experiences provide students with the opportunity to develop the skills necessary to be informed, active, responsible, and culturally-sensitive global citizens.
The Office of International Education assists students who wish to participate in the College’s diverse study and research abroad opportunities noted below.
- SUNY-ESF Faculty-led, Short-term International Academic Courses
- SUNY-ESF Exchange Programs
- Additional Study Abroad Programs (SUNY system, Syracuse University, affiliated programs and non-affiliated programs)
- Student Research and Volunteering Abroad
ESF students interested in medicine, dentistry, optometry and veterinary medicine are encouraged to identify themselves to the ESF Pre-Health Coordinator who can then assist them in exploring these pathways, advising them on academic qualifications and preparing for the application process. Additionally, several academic departments pair pre-health interested students with academic advisors who have particular expertise in these areas. ESF pre-professional interested students may also participate in the Health Professions Advisory Program (HPAP) offered through Syracuse University.
ESF offers pre-professional advising to students interested in pursuing law as a profession. Unlike some other professional programs, law schools do not require or recommend a specific program of study or specific coursework. Instead, the Law School Admissions Council advises students who are interested in the legal profession to pursue undergraduate education that demonstrates success in intellectually challenging curricula that enhance students’ critical thinking skills.
Students considering graduate studies in public administration are encouraged to meet with ESF’s pre-PA advisor as early in their academic careers as possible to discuss how a MPA program may help them achieve their educational goals and to take advantage of services, such as ESF’s M.P.A. articulation agreement with Binghamton University and ESF’s joint degree program with Syracuse University’s top-rated Maxwell School M.P.A. program.
Binghamton University M.P.A.
Binghamton University's M.P.A. program specializes in preparing students to work in local government or the nonprofit sector. The program offers students the option of starting in either the fall or spring and has both full and part-time students.
ESF undergraduate students earning a 3.300 GPA and completing one course each from the following table of core competency areas are assured entry into Binghamton’s Master of Public Administration program.
ESF Course(s) Providing Foundation in Competency
Management and Administration
FOR 360: Principles of Management
APM 391: Intro. to Probability and Statistics
FOR 333: Managerial Economics for Env. Professionals
FOR 465: Natural Resources Policy or
Accounting, Budgeting, and/or Finance
FOR 205: Principles of Accounting
Please meet with the pre-PA advisor Dr. Robert Malmsheimer (firstname.lastname@example.org) or the dean of Instruction & Graduate Studies for additional information regarding BU’s ESF-MPA articulation agreement.
In collaboration with SUNY Upstate Medical University (UMU), ESF students may apply to an entry-level doctor of physical therapy program (DPT 3+3). ESF undergraduates who are completing bachelor of science degrees within the Department of Environmental and Forest Biology are eligible for admission.
This program addresses the shortage of physicians in rural communities of New York State. There is evidence that people who grow up in rural communities or who trained there will later return to set up medical practice in a rural setting. This program will also attempt to provide a more diverse student population for entry into physician training programs. Acceptance into this program indicates willingness to participate in the Rural Medical Scholars Program (RMSP). Students who enroll in this program will be assigned to the RMSP track as a medical student at SUNY Upstate Medical University.
Interested students who have been admitted to SUNY-ESF for freshman entry and meet the specified criteria may apply for the Joint BS/MD program. Those nominated by the SUNY-ESF Selection Committee will be reviewed by the Admissions Committee at SUNY-UMU and, if selected for consideration, will be required to participate in an on-campus interview at SUNY-UMU. The SUNY-UMU Admissions Committee selects candidates for the Joint BS/MD program.
For more information regarding any of these coordinated programs, please go to the SUNY-ESF "Pre-Health" web site and contact the Admissions Offices at both SUNY-ESF and SUNY-UMU.
* Special Course Codes (Code indicates course meets certain program or accreditation requirements. Ignore if there is no relevance to this program of study.) G = General Education Course (GenEd), E = Engineering, ES = Engineering Sciences, M = Mathematic, NS = Natural Sciences, PE = Professional Education, S = Summer-only