ENS 696-Sec.2 EST
Tu/Thur 11:00 to 12:20 Room Bray 313 last updated 11/28/06
Professors R. Smardon and J. Felleman
"Open Space" is a phrase used in the popular media for issues ranging from protecting endangered species to managing suburban sprawl. The foucus on this course is the protection and enhancement of regional and subregional natural environmental systems that typically are overlayed with a complex of ownership, jurisdictional, and regulatory layers. This course will address such management and policy issues as Open Space preservation, Greenway planning, developing scenic byways and waterways, land use amenity management, land trust and conservancy activity, biosphere reserve management, and local development review. Major course themes include:
* Multi-Use Functional concepts of "Open Space" with an emphasis on the landscape scale;
* Policy and Management Aproaches for planning, aquisition, and management including : property ownership. taxation, development regulations, and public participation; and
* Intergovernmental, and
The course will emphasize a case -study approach drawing on a spectrum of public, private, and NGO experiences.A Regional Open Space student team project will be utilized for groundinng many of the concepts covered in the course. Two Saturday morning field trips are scheduled.
The course will introduce many
new terms and concepts. It is
particulary important for the exam and projects that students maintain
an on-going working glossary. To facilitate this, after each lecture
Course Web Page will be updated to list terms for which the students
T 8/ 29
Population, Development and Sustainability RS/JF
Functions-Natural and Socio-Economic
T 9/ 5
Ownership - RS
Power Point: Federal, State Programs
Divisible Rights Bundle - JF
Property: Chain of Title; Deeds - JF
* Handout Op. Sp.-Parcel Project
9 Mi- Web
NGO’s and Open
Overview of 9 Mi. Creek
Case Study- RS
Nine Mile/Camillus Valley
Field Trip- RS
Property: Taxes - JF
Planning and Zoning - JF
Regulations; Site Plan Review - JF
Programs- "Taking Issue" RS
Support Programs - RS
all day teach-in
*** Salmon River Field Trip RS/JF
Tom's Trip slides
Revitalization Planning for Onondaga Cr.- R.S
The Nature Conservancy - Power Point
D. Forness' 2004 DEC Power Point
Ithaca Town Planner
Social Science in Managing Open Space Users ppt
Sustainability and Biodiversity:
N. America v. Europe RS
Jennifer Caddick- Save the River, and
Aaron Vogel- 1000 Islands Land Trust
Area Management RS
Last Class- Issue Paper Round Table
*Issue Papers due
Felleman, Deep Information Ch.
FGCC Handout Ch. 5
Town of Marcellus: http://town.marcellusny.com/
For 10 years or so, the ‘promise’ has been that user friendly digital information available on the Internet will greatly enhance informed environmental discourse and public decision making. Slowly this ideal is emerging. Currently DEC, and EPA have prototype systems working in-house for their staffs that may become public in the next year or so. In the meantime we need to do some exploring. The sites below are frequent starting points.
Digitally corrected (so you can make horizontal measurements) aerial images that show surface features in great detail. Often “false color” is applied to the infra-red emissions/reflections so we can visualize vegetative health.
NY State GIS Clearinghouse: http://www.nysgis.state.ny.us/
>Ortho Imagery read the page, record date of County info.
The USGS has been leading the effort to create the “National Map”- which is actually a diverse collaboration of public and private data sharing.
Go to: http://nationalmap.gov/gio/viewonline.html
> MicroSoft’s Terra Server has scanned, panable/zoomable USGS topo maps, and air photos
Also check out MapTech, TerraFly and the other partners
Syracuse-Onondaga Co. GIS is on the Web: http://www.maphost.com/syracuse-onondaga/
Carefully read the “Disclaimer”. If you are unfamiliar with GIS got to
“Learn more about GIS at the page bottom”
US Census: http://www.census.gov/geo/www/maps/CP_OnLineMapping.htm
>On-Line Mapping >American Fact Finder
US EPA has spent considerable effort building a robust “data warehouse for its wide spectrum of information holdings. The EnviroMapper Store Front is the typical gateway for the public: http://www.epa.gov/enviro/html/em/
Lots of potentially useful info- here from Toxic releases to water quality and environmental justice. It takes a bit of navigation.
US Fish and Wildlife Service National Wetlands Mapper: USFWS- Wetland Maps
There is a brief tutorial here. Note map scale.
Cornell University, Like the NYS GIS Clearinghouse above, maintains a robust GIS data warehouse for NY State: “CUGIR”: http://cugir.mannlib.cornell.edu/
But, you need a GIS
to “see” and analyze the data sets….
The New York State Office of Real Property Services web site is designed to support local assessors and the general public.
Read the "Real Property Tax Primer" http://www.orps.state.ny.us/primer/index.htm
and Agricultural Assessment: http://www.orps.state.ny.us/pamphlet/exempt/agassess.htm
Familiarize yourself with the site by finding and reviewing information related to: tax mapping system; assesing residences; and open space related tax exemptions
additional web resources:
The Lincoln Land Institute is a leading applied research center that focuses on landuse and taxation.
One of their recent papers is:
Methodology for Valuing Town Conservation Land
Author(s)/Editor(s): Brown, Pamela J. and Charles J. Fausold
Publication Type: Working Paper
Production (for human
(and Non-Consumptive Use) functions:
3 branches- checks and balances
formal (incorporated) not for profit organizations (non governmenta,l, NGO)
pyramidal bureaucratic organizations:
funtional (horizontal) division of responsibilities (divisions, agencies, bureaeaus..)
vertical layers of scope authority:
startegic, tactical, transactional
organizations (such as some NIMBY groups)
Class 7 NGOs
NGO acquisition tools include: conservation easements, donation/bargain sales, options, rights of first refusal, pre-acquisition and limited or controlled development
Ngo's also play a role in regulation/planning as a "watch dog" or in partnerships with other organizations
Corporations also get involved thru entities such as the CCC Corporate Conservation Council
Technical assistance provided by such organizations as Land Trust Alliance is key to local Land trust/NGO's
Some NGO's are involved with education and outreach (Centers for Nature
education) and Research (Montezuma wetlands alliance)
Big International NGO's (BINGO's) are orgs like WWF, Wetlands International and Conservancy International that are increasing controlling program direction and emphasis down to the local level
NGO's , if incorporated, must register with IRS and state with a charter for non profit status as a 501(c)(3).
Increasing scrutiny and NGO malfeasance have caused recent changes in both how NGO's do business (e.g. LTA Principles and standards) and decisionmaking responsibility of board members.
A key issue with Local land trusts is obtaining reduced property taxes on bought or gift property - otehr wise they could not afford to exist.
Besides acquiring property - NGO/land trusts have to steward/maintain these properties - they don't manage themselves. Key issues include:
appraisal practice and property acquisition negotiations (how much is it really worth)?
Monitoring to ensure it says in good shape; Multiple party management if there are multiple stakeholders/interests; and Management enforcement action if needed for fee simple property:
illegal dumping, timber harvesting or vandalism
water level /hydrologic management
nuisance/exotoc species management
maintaining structures and access
Management action for easements also need intensive monitoring and enforcement
10- Real Property Taxes
"ad valorem" tax
full market value
assessed value as a standard % of full market
NYS Office of Real Property Services:
unique parcel identification numbers (municipality-section-block-lot) PIN
multi-jurisdictional "equalization rates"
state constitutional full exemptions
state law partial exemptions:
permissive- local approval
open space examples :
managed forests, wildlife mangement areas, agricultural districts
municipal open space bond referendums