Abstract and Contents
David A. Sonnenfeld and Arthur P.J. Mol, eds.
Volume 45, No. 9, May 2002, Sage Publications
In the context of rapid economic globalization, radical changes in global geopolitics, and widespread adoption of free-market economics, major shifts and realignments in environmental governance have occurred over the past two decades. "Command-and-control" regulatory approaches have been criticized since the neoliberal counterrevolution of the late 1970s, and market- and civic-driven economic approaches eco-taxes, "best practices" environmental management, green consumer activism, community-driven environmental regulation, and more collaborative models of environmental governance have assumed a new visibility. Referred to in some quarters as "ecological modernization," such reform-oriented initiatives have provided the groundwork for considerable experimentation in environmental governance in northwestern Europe (and less so in North America) over the past two decades. Contributors to this symposium examine such new approaches to environmental governance from a variety of disciplinary, theoretical, and geographical perspectives. The volume begins with an essay and introductory article on globalization and the challenges of environmental governance. Other articles examine, respectively, experiences of environmental policy development in 30 advanced, transitional and developing countries around the world; new forms of environmental governance created in the context of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); the effect of European integration on ecological modernization in Central and Eastern Europe; the alleged failure of regulation to stimulate environmental innovation in industrial technology; and the efforts of two of East Asia's high-growth economies China and Taiwan to integrate environmental considerations into economic policy making. The symposium concludes with the editors' synthesis of ideas and suggestions for further research.
Keywords: globalization, environmental governance, environmental policy, environmental reform, environmental innovation, ecological modernization, capacity building, NAFTA, Mexico, North America, China, Taiwan, Asia, Europe