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James Nakas

James P. Nakas


201 Illick Hall
1 Forestry Dr.
Syracuse, New York 13210

Phone: (315) 470-6743

Email: jpnakas@esf.edu


B.S. (Biology) 1968, LeMoyne College, Syracuse, New York

M.S. (Microbiology) 1971, Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey

Research Microbiologist, Merck & Co., Rahway, New Jersey, 1970-73

Ph.D. (Microbiology) 1976, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey
Post-Doctoral Research Fellow (1976-1979), Colorado State University, Department of Microbiology


Litchfield, C.D., J.P. Nakas and R.H. Vreeland. 1976. Bacterial flux in some New Jersey estuarine sediments. Amer. Soc. Limnol. Oceanogr. Spec. Symp. 2:340-354.

Nakas, J.P. and C.D. Litchfield. 1977. Application of the diacetyl-monoxime method for the analysis of urea in estuarine sediments. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Sciences 5:143-150.

Nakas, J.P., D.A. Klein and A.L. Geller. 1977. Seasonal matrix analysis of rhizosphere and rhizoplane microbial responses, carbon dioxide evolution, and oxygen utilization processes in soils associated with grassland plants. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry and Geomicrobiology 3:727-734.

Nakas, J.P. and D.A. Klein. 1978. Seasonal dynamics and responses of rhizosphere-rhizoplane microorganisms associated with semi-arid grassland plants. First International Rangeland Congress. 1:310-313.

Nakas, J.P. and C.D. Litchfield. 1979. Evidence for the subcellular localization and specificity of chlordane inhibition in the marine bacterium Aeromonas proteolytica. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 37:471-479.

Nakas, J.P. and D.A. Klein. 1979. Decomposition of microbial cell components in a semi-arid grassland soil. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 38:454-460.

Litchfield, C.D., M.A. Devanas, J. Zindulis, C.E. Carty, J.P. Nakas and E.L. Martin. 1979. Application of the 14C organic mineralization technique to marine sediments. pp. 128-147. In: Litchfield, C.D. and Seyfried, P.L. (eds.). Methodology for Biomass Determination and Microbial Activities in Sediments, ASTM STP 673. American Society for Testing and Materials.

Nakas, J.P. and D.A. Klein. 1980. Mineralization capacity of bacteria and fungi from the rhizosphere-rhizoplane of a semi-arid grassland. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 39:113-117.

Nakas, J.P. and D.A. Klein. 1981. Use of an amino acid mixture in the estimation of mineralization capacity in grassland soil. Soil Biol. Biochem. 13:427-428.

David, M.B., M.J. Mitchell and J.P. Nakas. 1982. Organic and inorganic sulfur constituents of a forest soil and their relationship to microbial activity. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 46:347-352.

Strick, J.E., S.C. Schindler, M.B. David, M.J. Mitchell and J.P. Nakas. 1982. Importance of organic sulfur constituents and microbial activity to sulfur transformations in an Adirondack forest soil. Northeast Env. Sci. 1:161-169.

Nakas, J.P., M. Schaedle, C.M. Parkinson, C.E. Coonley and S.W. Tanenbaum. 1983. Neutral solvent production from halophilic, photolithotrophically-grown algae by linked fermentations. pp. 298-302. In: Energy from Biomass, A. Strub, P. Chartier and G. Schleser (eds.), Applied Science Publishers, New York.

Royer, J.C. and J.P. Nakas. 1983. Potential substrates for single cell protein production, pp. 443-459 In: Proceedings of NATO Advanced Study Institute on Biomass Utilization, W. Côté (ed.). Plenum Press, New York.

Nakas, J.P., M. Schaedle, C.M. Parkinson, C.E. Coonley and S.W. Tanenbaum. 1983. System development for linked-fermentative production of solvents from algal biomass. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 46:1017-1023.

Strick, J.E. and J.P. Nakas. 1984. Calibration of a microbial sulfur technique for use in forest soils. Soil Biol. Biochem. 16:289-291.

Nakas, J.P., M. Schaedle and S.W. Tanenbaum. 1986. Bioconversion of algal biomass to neutral solvents. Nova Hedwigia Beih. 42:171-175.

Nakas, J.P. 1986. The role of microflora in sulfur cycling. Book chapter In: Microfloral and Faunal Interactions in Natural and Agro-Ecosystems. M.J. Mitchell and J.P. Nakas (eds.). 505 pp.

Nakas, J.P., W.D. Gould and D.A. Klein. 1987. Origin and expression of phosphatase activity in a semi-arid grassland soil. Soil Biol. Biochem. 19:13-18.

Royer, J.C. and J.P. Nakas. 1987. Production of mycelial protein and hydrolytic enzymes from paper mill sludges by cellulolytic fungi. J. Indus. Microbiol. 2:9-13.

Sharma, A. and J.P. Nakas. 1987. Preliminary characterization of laminarinase from Trichoderma longibrachiatum. Enz. Microb. Technol. 9:89-93.

Ligon, J. and J.P. Nakas. 1987. Isolation and characterization of Frankia sp. strain FaC1 genes involved in nitrogen fixation. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53:2321-2327.

Ligon, J.M. and J.P. Nakas. 1988 Nucleotide sequence of nif K and partial sequence of Nif D from Frankia species strain FaC1. Nucl. Acids Res. 16:11843.

Tangarone, B.S., J.C. Royer and J.P. Nakas. 1989. Isolation and characterization of laminarinase from Trichoderma longibrachiatum. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55:177-18.

Royer, J.C. and J.P. Nakas. 1989. Production of xylanase by Trichoderma longibrachiatum In: Forest and Crop Biotechnology: Progress and Prospects. F.A. Valentine (ed.), Springer-Verlag, New York. pp. 363-381.

Royer, J.C. and J.P. Nakas. 1989. Xylanase production by Trichoderma longibrachiatum. Enz. Microb. Technol. 11:405-410.

Royer, J.C. and J.P. Nakas. 1990. Simple, sensitive zymogram technique for detection of xylanase activity in polyacrylamide gels. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56(6):1516-1517.

Royer, J.C. and J.P. Nakas. 1990. Interrelationship of xylanas induction and cellulase induction of Trichoderma longibrachiatum. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:2535-2539.

Tanenbaum, S.W., B. Scott, P.J. Fisher, A. Henwood, J.S. Novak, D. Slomczynski and J.P. Nakas. 1990. Bioconversion of pentosans to heteropolysaccharides. In Novel Biodegradable Microbial Polymers, 34:135-148. E.A. Dawes (ed.) pp. 473-477.

Brownell, J.E. and J.P. Nakas. 1991. Bioconversion of hybrid poplar hemicellulose to acetic acid by Clostridium thermo-aceticum. J. Indust. Microbiol. 7:1-6.

Tanenbaum, S.W., P.J. Fisher, A. Henwood, J. Novak, B. Scott and J.P. Nakas. 1991. Hemicellulose bioconversion to polyanionic heteropolysaccharides. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 34:135-148.

Royer, J.C. and J.P. Nakas. 1991. Purification and characterization of two xylanases from Trichoderma longibrachiatum. Eur. J. Biochem. 202:521-529.

Royer, J.C., J. Novak and J.P. Nakas. 1992. Apparent cellulase activity of purified xylanase is due to contamination of assay substrate with xylan. J. Indus. Microbiol. 11:59-61.

Novak, J.S., S.W. Tanenbaum and J.P. Nakas. 1992. Heteropolysaccharide formation by Arthrobacter viscosus grown on xylose and xylose oligosaccharides. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:3501-3507.

Boyle, A.W., C.J. Silvin, J.P. Hassett, J.P. Nakas and S.W. Tanenbaum. 1992. Bacterial PCB biodegradation. Biodegradation 3:285-298.

Meade, M.J., J.P. Nakas and S.W. Tanenbaum. 1993. Highly viscosus polysaccharide produced by an Enterobacter isolate on a hemicellulose hydrolysate. Biotechnol. Lett. 51:389-392.

Meade, M.J., J.P. Nakas and S.W. Tanenbaum. 1994. Optimization and characterization of a novel extracellular polysaccharide produced by an Enterobacter from wood hydrolysates. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60:1367-1369.

Slomczynski, D., J.P. Nakas and S.W. Tanenbaum. 1995. Purification and characterization of laccase from Botrytis cinerea. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 6:1367-1369.

Meade, M.J., S.W. Tanenbaum and J.P. Nakas. 1995. Production and rheological properties of a saccinoglycan from Pseudomonas sp. 31260 on wood hydrolysate. Can. J. Microbiol. 41:1147-1152.

Shimkus, R.A., V. Laurinavichius, L. Boguslavsky, S.W. Tanenbaum, D.J. Slomczynski and J.P. Nakas. 1996. Laccase containing sol-gel based optical biosensors. Anal. Lett. 29:1907-1913.

Xu, H., Y.-Z. Lai, D. Slomczynski, J.P. Nakas and S.W. Tanenbaum. 1997. Mediator-assisted selective oxidation of lignin model compounds by laccase from Botrytis cinerea. Biotechnol. Lett. 19:957-960.

Cui, W., S.W. Tanenbaum and J.P. Nakas. 1999. Purification and characterization of a carboxylesterase from Arthrobacter viscosus NRRL B-1973. Enz. Microb. Technol. 24:200-208.

Bamberg, K.M., W.T. Winter, and J.P. Nakas. 2004. Removal of lead and cadmium by derivatized polysaccharides from Klebsiella oxytoca. Biofilms 1:57-63.

Keenan, T.M., S.W. Tanenbaum, A.J. Stipanovic, and J.P. Nakas. 2004. Production and characterization of poly-? -hydroxylalkanoate copolymers from Burkholderia cepacia grown on xylose and levulinic acid. Biotechnol. Prog. 20:1697-1704.

Keenan, T.M., S.W. Tanenbaum, and J.P. Nakas. 2005. Biodegradable polymers from renewable forest resources. pp. 219-250. In Biodegradable Polymers, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, UK.

Gitsov, I., K. Lambrych, P. Lu, J. Nakas, J. Ryan, and S. Tanenbaum. 2005. Nondestructive regioselective modification of laccase by linear-dendritic copolymers: Enhanced oxidation of benzo-a-pyrene in water in "Polymer Biocatalysis and Biomaterials". H.N. Cheng and R.A. Gross, Eds., ACS Symp. Ser., Vol. 900, Am. Chem. Soc.: Washington, DC. pp. 80-94.

Keenan, T.M., J.P. Nakas, and S.W. Tanenbaum. 2006. Microbial production of polyhydroxalkanoates from forestry-based substrates. ACS Symposium Series 921: Feedstocks for the future:renewables for the production of chemicals and materials, chap 15, pp. 193-209.

Keenan, T.M., J.P. Nakas, and S.W. Tanenbaum 2006. Polyhydroxyalkanoate copolymers from forest biomass. J. Indus. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 33: 616-626

Gitsov, I., J. Hamzik, J. Ryan, A . Simonyan, J.P. Nakas, S. Omori, A. Krastanov, T. Cohen, and S. W. Tanenbaum. 2008. Enzymatic nanoreactors for environmentally benign biotransformations. 1. Formation and catalytic activity of supramolecular complexes of laccase and linear-dendritic block copolymers. Biomacromolecules 9: 804-811.

Stoutenburg, R.M., J.A. Perrotta, T.E. Amidon, and J.P. Nakas. 2008. Ethanol production from a membrane purified hemicellulosic hydrolysate derived from sugar maple by Pichia stipitis, NRRL Y-7124. BioResources 3: 1349-1358.

Zhu, C., C.T. Nomura, J.A. Perrotta, A.J. Stipanovic and J.P. Nakas. 2010. Production and characterization of Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate from biodiesel-glycerol by Burkholderia cepacia, ATCC 17759. Biotechnol. Prog. 26: 424-430.

Stoutenberg, R.O., J.O. Perrotta, and J.P. Nakas. 2011. Overcoming inhibitors in a hemicellulosic hydrolysate: improving fermentabiliy by feedstock detoxification and adaptation of Pichia stipitis. J. Indus. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 38: 1939-1945.

Pan, W., J.A. Perrotta, A.J. Stipanovic, C.T. Nomura, and J.P. Nakas. 2012. Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates by Burkholderia cepacia ATCC 17759 using a detoxified sugar maple hemicellulosic hydrolysate. J. Indus. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 39: 459-469.

Zhu, Chengjun, C.T. Nomura, J.A. Perrotta, A.J. Stipanovic, and J.P. Nakas.2012. The effect of nucleating agents on physical properties of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate (PHB-co-HV) produced by Burkholderia cepacia ATCC 17759. Polymer Testing 31: 579-585.

Pan, W., C.T. Nomura, and J.P. Nakas. 2012. Estimation of inhibitory effects of hemicellulosic wood hydrolysate inhibitors on PHA production by Burkholderia cepacia ATCC17759 using response surface methodology. Bioresource Technology 125: 275-282.

Zhu, C., J.P. Nakas, and C.T. Nomura. 2013. Bioplastics from waste glycerol derived from the biodiesel industry. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 130: 1-13.


Microfloral and Faunal Interactions in Natural and Agro-Ecosystems, 1986, Mitchell, M.J. and J.P. Nakas (eds.), Martinus Nijhoff Publishers B.V. 505 pp.

Biotechnology of Plant-Microbe Interactions. 1990. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, New York, J.P. Nakas and C. Hagedorn (eds.). 348 pp.


J.P. Nakas, S.W. Tanenbaum, and T. M. Keenan. 2008. Bioconversion of xylan and levulinic acid to biodegradable thermoplastics. WO Patent 2,004,027, 076, 2004.

Nakas, J.P., S.W. Tanenbaum, and T. Keenan. 2008. Bioconversion of xylan and levulinic acid to biodegradable thermoplastics. Eur. Pat. No. 1585821, issued Nov. 11, 2008.

Nakas, J.P., C. Zhu, J.A. Perrotta, and C.T. Nomura.2011.Methods for producing polyhydroxyalkanoates from biodiesel-glycerol. US Patent No. 8,956,835, issued February 17, 2015.


Membership in The American Academy of Microbiology
Membership in the American Society for Microbiology
Membership in the Society of Industrial Microbiology

Positions Held

President, Central New York Branch of The American Society for Microbiology. 1991 and 1992.

Editorial Boards

BioResources (current)
Journal of Industrial Microbiology (past)
Applied and Environmental Microbiology (past)


State University of New York, Chancellor's Award: "In recognition of exemplary contributions to research conducted at the State University of New York," Albany, New York, October 24, 2002.