116 Illick Hall
1 Forestry Dr.
Syracuse, New York 13210
EFB 480 Principles of Animal Behavior (4 credit hours). Three hours of lecture, one hour of recitation per week. A study of the basic principles of scientific discovery using animal behavior examples. The course stresses both proximate and ultimate control of behavior with an emphasis on the evolution of behaviorand understanding why animals behave the way they do.
EFB 500 Behavior & Ecology in the Rainforests & Reefs of Australia. One evening class per week during fall semester leading to a four week field trip to tropical and subtropical Queensland, Australia to engage in field research on a variety of habitats and organisms.
ESF 109 Freshman Honors Seminar in Environmental Science and Forestry. One hour of presentation and discussion per week. Sequential presentations by students, faculty or both. Exploration of science, engineering, design, management and social science applied to regional, national and global issues.
ESF 209 Sophomore Honors Seminar in Environmental Science and Forestry. One hour of presentation and discussion per week. Sequential presentations by students, faculty or both. Exploration of science, engineering, design, management and social science applied to regional, national and global issues.
Graduate Research Topic
Keystone predators in Kyrgistan.
Animal behavior; evolution and genetics; evolution of animal communication and dispersal systems; effects of genetic constraints on the evolution of social behavior; sociobiology and behavioral ecology; population genetics, the use of DNA in identity testing and conservation biology; the interface between science and the law.
Shields, W. M. 1982. Philopatry, Inbreeding, and the Evolution of Sex. State University of New York .Press, Albany, New York, 245 pp
Shields, W. M. 1983. Genetic considerations in the management of the wolf and other large vertebrates: an alternative view. In, Wolves in Canada and Alaska: their status, biology, and management. (L. N. Carbyn, ed.), Canadian Wildl. Serv. Series 45:90-92.
Shields, W. M. 1984. Barn swallow mobbing: self defense, collateral kin defense, group defense, or parental care? Animal Behaviour 32:132-148.
Templeton, A.R., H. Hemmer, G. Mace, U.S. Seal, W.M. Shields, and D.S. Woodruff. 1986. Local adaptation, coadaptation, and population boundaries. Zoo Biol. 5:115-125.
Shields, W. M. 1987. Dispersal and mating systems: investigating their causal connections. In, Mammalian Dispersal Patterns: The Effects of Social Structure on Population Genetics. (B.D. Chepko-Sade and Z. T. Halpin, eds.), Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill., pp 3-24.
Yoshimura, J. and W. M. Shields. 1987. Probabilistic optimization of phenotype distributions: a general solution for the effects of uncertainty on natural selection? Evolutionary Ecology 1:125-138
Shields, W.M., J.R. Crook, M.L. Hebblethwaite, and S.S. Wiles-Ehmann. 1988. Ideal free coloniality in the swallows. In, Ecology of Social Behavior, C. N. Slobodchikoff, ed., Academic Press, NY, pp 189-228.
Shields, W. M. 1992. Problems & Solutions Associated with Matching and Generating Inclusion Probabilities. pp 1-50, In, Proc. from the Third International Symposium on Human Identification 1992, Promega, Scottsdale, AZ.
Shields, W. M. 1993. The natural and unnatural history of inbreeding and outbreeding. pp 143-169, In, The Natural History of Inbreeding and Outbreeding: theoretical and empirical perspectives on population structure. (N. W. Thornhill, ed.) University of Chicago Press.
Caister, L.E., W.M. Shields, and A. Gosser. 2003. Female tannin avoidance: A possible explanation for habitat and dietary segregation of giraffes (Giraffa camelopardis peralta) in Niger. African Journal of Ecology. 41:201-210.
Gilder, J. R., K. Inman, W. Shields, and D. E. Krane, 2011. Magnitude dependant variation in peak height balance at heterozygous STR loci. Intl. Journal Legal Medicine. 125:87-94.