Please note: this list of lecture objectives is subject to change.

Revisions or additions may occur before or after a given lecture.

Please double-check this list prior to exams.


Teaching and Learning History

   Distinguish between history and historiography

   Identify primary, secondary, and tertiary historical sources and explain the similarities and differences among these

   Compare and contrast "shallower" and "deeper" versions of history

   Describe the sub-discipline of environmental history


Old and "New" Worlds

   Identify the date of first human settlement in America and the date of Columbus’ first voyage

   Explain 4 (out of at least 6) factors that contributed to the “rise of the West”

   Describe Columbus’ positive and negative contributions to history

   Identify 3 countries that established a presence in the New World

   Describe mercantilism


Who Really Discovered America DVD

   Draw and label a timeline of the various explorers/discoverers investigated in the documentary

   Compare the theories in the video with the table in the Loewen text (pp.40-41)

                      Describe one culture/explorer covered in the documentary and discuss similarities and differences with Loewen

                      Including types and strength of historical evidence

   Analyze the various theories and state your opinion about the most likely "discoverer"


Native Americans & European Americans

   Define acculturation, syncretism, cultural imperialism, and hegemony

   Describe examples of acculturation and cultural imperialism in the context of Native American-Euro-American relations

   Identify the date of the Indian Removal Act

   Discuss similarities and differences between the Native American and Euro-American concepts of land tenure and property

   Critique the concept of the Ecological Indian and be able to support your argument with examples


Constitutional Foundations of Environmental and Natural Resources Law ** Fall Only**

   Describe the allocation of powers defined by the Constitution

   Identify the date the Constitution was adopted

   List three parts of the Constitution that provide a basis for environmental laws


Settlement, Revolution and Founding

   Identify the date and place of the first permanent English colonial settlement

   Relate the traditional story of the Revolution and Raphael’s (2002) thesis about the “first” revolution, including the date

   Describe what Appleby (1992) labels America’s “creation myth” including the political ideologies of the founding

   Explain the ways in which America was a Great Experiment in government


Western Frontiers and Manifest Destiny

   Identify the date of the Northwest Ordinance and describe two of its tenets

   Describe the Great Experiment in land use and its implications

   Explain the meaning of “manifest destiny” and identify the date this term was coined

   Identify the date of the closing” of the frontier

   Explain and critique Turner’s frontier thesis


The Civil War and Reconstruction

   Identify the dates of the Civil War

   Compare and contrast the political ideologies related to sectional differences and compare these to the ideologies of the founding era (civic republicanism and liberal individualism)

   Describe the "magnolia myth"

•  Describe the "racial nadir"


Race: The Power of an Illusion DVD

   Explain the concept of race in terms of biology and sociology (genetics vs. social constructs)

   Identify the origin of the theory of race in American history

   Describe the ways in which science influenced the concept of race in the 19th century, and then in the 20th century

...........Midterm Exam.....................

Nature's Metropolis: Preface, Prologue, Ch 1

   State Cronon’s thesis in Nature’s Metropolis

   Distinguish between first and second nature

   Explain the city/country dichotomy

   Identify the date of the completion of the Erie Canal

   Compare and contrast the city/country/frontier theories of Turner, the Boosters, and Von Thünen


Nature's Metropolis: Ch 2, Rails and Water

•   Describe the natural advantages and disadvantages of Chicago

•   Describe the ways in which second nature was created to overcome the natural disadvantages of Chicago

   Discuss the ways in which railroads liberated people from first nature

   Explain two factors that contributed to Chicago’s railroad hegemony


Industrialization and Progressivism

   Describe laissez-faire political economy

   Identify two Progressive movements other than conservation

   Identify the dates of the Progressive Movement


Nature's Metropolis: Ch 3, Pricing the Future: Grain

   Describe the transformation of grain from a physical object to “golden stream” and state the implications of this change

   Identify two inventions that aided this transformation of grain

   Describe the evolution of the futures market

   Identify the date and significance of Munn vs. Illinois


Nature's Metropolis: Ch 4, The Wealth of Nature: Lumber, and Ch 5, Annihilating Space: Meat

   Describe the "landscape of mutual advantage"

   Describe the vicious circle of lumber production and its consequences

   Explain the evolution of the Chicago packing industry and the lasting implications

   Compare and contrast the “nature to market” transformations of grain, lumber and meat


Progressive Conservation

   Describe the key tenets of Progressive Conservation

   Explain the ideology of Progressive Conservation

   Identify the date of the Forest Reserve Act and the Transfer Act

   Describe Gifford Pinchot’s influence on forestry in America



   Explain the reality of first nature in the West and how the dogma of manifest destiny overcame that reality

   Distinguish between western (prior appropriation) and eastern (riparian) water rights

   Identify the date of the Reclamation (Newlands) Act

   Describe the urban imperialism of Los Angeles

   Compare and contrast the historical development of Los Angeles and Chicago


  Nature's Metropolis: Ch 6, Gateway City, and Ch 7, The Busy Hive

   Define "geography of capital"

   Explain the ways in which Cronon uses the geography of capital to support his thesis

   Contrast Chicago's “gateway city” market geography with Von Thünen’s model

   Describe the new culture of buying and selling and its implications (including its paradox)

   Compare the 19th century revolution in buying and selling to present trends


Nature's Metropolis: Ch 8, The White City; Epilogue

   Explain the Phoenix metaphor and its significance to Chicago’s history.

   Draw and label the intersecting city-country dichotomies and explain in relation to the World's Columbian Exposition

   Describe the origin and significance of the suburb

Conpare and contrast the White City and Black City

   Explain the concept of a 'recreational hinterland' and its relevance to contemporary natural resources management


Surviving the Dust Bowl video

   Identify the size of the area of the Dust Bowl and three of the states included

   Identify the date of the “Black Sunday’ of the Dust Bowl

   Name the “father” of soil conservation

   Describe three implications of the Dust Bowl


Dust Bowl and New Deal

   Describe the factors that led to the Dust Bowl

   Explain the fundamental difference between Progressive and New Deal conservation policy

   Describe the Constitutional revolution


Environmental Movement and Backlash

   Explain the differences between the modern (3rd) environmental movement and previous conservation movements (Progressive (1st) and New Deal (2nd))

   Describe the modern environmental movement

   Describe the backlash Wise Use / Property Rights movement

   Identify the dates of the Environmental Movement (Earth Day 1970) and the backlash Wise Use Movement (1988)


Blood and Oil video

   Identify the origin of the United States' strategic ties to Persian Gulf oil (date and country)

   Explain the change in presidential doctrines and their relation to creation of CENTCOM


Oil, War, and what will happen next?

  • Define OPEC and describe its significance in the global oil industry
  • Identify the even tthat led to a change in Saddam Hussein's international image

Construct a timeline of major events of US involvement with the Middle East, including the date of the first US ties to Middle Eastern oil--Describe the Clean Power Plan and its relation to the U.S. - China major climate agreement

  Progress and Technology: Into the 21st Century

   Explain the traditional paradigm of progress and its treatment in American history texts

   Compare and contrast the frontier mentality and spaceship mentality

•   Describe the “tragedy of the commons”