Several ESF departments perform research and offer graduate programs in GIS.
Environmental and Forest Biology
Environmental and Forest Biology (EFB) uses Geospatial Modeling and Analysis to study ecological interactions among and between components of spatially distributed ecosystems. These components consist of both external forcing and internal process functions. The first include such inputs as sunlight, precipitation, temperature, and nutrients, which vary over terrain, rivers, lakes, soils, watersheds. The second include the energy flows and feedbacks that occur between for example, various plant communities, animal and fish species, etc. which also vary over a landscape as a function of their environmental gradient requirements.
Environmental Resources Engineering
The ERE Department also offers a BS degree program with a strong geospatial component. All undergraduate ERE students are required to take courses in surveying and remote sensing. Senior students interested in specializing in GIS have to opportunity to select from a variety of GIS-related engineering electives, such as GIS for Engineers, Spatial Analysis, and Digital Image Analysis.
The Division of Environmental Sciences (ENS) offers a bachelorís degree program that provides a strong foundation in the sciences and introduces students to the interdisciplinary breadth of environmental science through a selection of core courses dealing with the geographical, physical, social and living environments. While all ENS students take at least one introductory course in geospatial technologies, the Environmental Information and Mapping option is designed for students who are interested in further exploring the application of these technologies in environmental science.
Forest and Natural Resources Management
The Forest and Natural Resources Management (FNRM) Department offers four (4) B.S. degrees that incorporate the applications of geospatial technologies in forest and natural resources management. All FNRM undergraduate students are required to take an introductory course in geospatial technologies and a four-week summer course during which students learn land navigation and mapping skills, and about global navigation satellite systems. In addition, all students are required to take a capstone course in which they are required to utilize these technologies as they develop a land management plan.†