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2000 Spotlight on Graduate and Undergraduate Research at ESF
Environmental Studies Abstracts

 

Contents

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE NORTH AMERICAN AGREEMENT ON ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION BETWEEN CANADA, THE UNITED MEXICAN STATES AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Caron E. Gala and Sara Keith

SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE STUDY OF ANTALYA, TURKEY. Latif Gurkan Kaya and Richard Smardon, State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY, 13210.

A SAMPLING PLAN TO DETERMINE COLOR SOURCES OF A DRINKING WATER RESERVOIR SYSTEM. Julie Tasillo1 and Dr. James Hassett2, 1Graduate Student in Environmental Science, and 2Environmental Resources and Forest Engineering, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210.

SEPTIC SITING CRITERIA: A CRITICAL REVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF CURRENT REGULATIONS. Stephanie Zumbuhl, Sara Keith, and James M. Hassett, Graduate Program in Environmental Studies, 206 Marshall Hall, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210


Abstracts

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE NORTH AMERICAN AGREEMENT ON ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION BETWEEN CANADA, THE UNITED MEXICAN STATES AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Caron E. Gala and Sara Keith, Faculty of Environmental Studies, 114 Marshall Hall, SUNY-Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210.

One subset of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), between Canada, the United States and Mexico, is the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC). The measurement of effectiveness is aimed at assessing a level which the standards of this agreement place environmental quality. Effectiveness stresses the actual production of or the power of an agent of a policy to produce a desired result. The dependent variable in this policy analysis is the effectiveness of the context, and the implementation of the policy. While wording of a policy determines potential boundaries in which consensual nations act, implementation is the evidence of the quality of a policy. Independent variables compile to complete the question of effectiveness. Health care costs, management costs generated from environmental degradation associated with trans-boundary hazardous waste, and the degree of congruity of hazardous waste management requirements for Canadian and the Mexican government compared to the US using the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Antecedent variables are variables, which affect criteria, yet exist separate from the quantitative scale itself, are the international treaties on trans-boundary waste. Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) and the Basel Convention agreement combined; strengthen the NAAEC independently from the policy itself. The scale devised, quantifies the social and economic costs of trans-boundary waste trade in Mexico and Canada.

 

SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE STUDY OF ANTALYA, TURKEY. Latif Gurkan Kaya and Richard Smardon, State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY, 13210

Sustainable tourism is tourism that combines the high standards of quality with environmental constraints, tourists and local residents in a friendly and stimulating manner which would prove to be the right way to conduct tourism all over the world. In other words, it is a self-maintaining tourism solving problems without a harm to its surroundings. Compared to the other areas surrounding the City of Antalya, this is a remarkable example exhibiting both the prosperity and problems of rapid development from the local tourism industry. To make the development more sustainable, some efforts can be made by local businesses that contribute to this tourism including NGOs, government and residents who both directly and indirectly have become a part of the tourism industry. As an example, local businesses should strictly obey the plans and guidelines set up by government agencies and NGOs. Moreover, they should collaborate with them when necessary. Though NGOs are newly established, they have proven to be quite useful and effective in planning and protection of sensitive land resources. Last but not least, the case of Antalya can be a pilot region in Turkey in which perspectives of sustainable tourism development can be applied. Results of special techniques, planning and implementation that are used in the case of Antalya can then be used to reshape the tourism industry in various other coastal touristic regions.

 

A SAMPLING PLAN TO DETERMINE COLOR SOURCES OF A DRINKING WATER RESERVOIR SYSTEM. Julie Tasillo1 and Dr. James Hassett2, 1Graduate Student in Environmental Science, and 2Environmental Resources and Forest Engineering, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210

The New York City Department of Environmental Protection (NYCDEP), the United States Geological Survey (USGS), and the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY ESF) have undertaken a study of the New York City water system. The purpose of this study is to conduct field investigations associated with the problems of cultural eutrophication and its impacts. To address this issue, I will examine sources of color to the Croton watershed. Every summer since 1992 due to the water quality problems including high levels of color, the Croton System had to be shut down (NYC-DEP 1994). The Croton System encompasses a 375 square mile watershed consisting of twelve reservoirs and three lakes tapping the Croton River. This system provides up to 250 million gallons of water per day to New York City. Using an underwater viewer containing Munsell color patches I will examine the color of water in tributaries to the watershed. Tributaries will be sampled during baseflow and storm events to determine the impacts of predominant land use surrounding the tributaries. Color samples will be compared to other investigators' samples including total suspended solids (TSS), chlorophyll a, and yellow substance (gelbstoff).

 

SEPTIC SITING CRITERIA: A CRITICAL REVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF CURRENT REGULATIONS. Stephanie Zumbuhl, Sara Keith, and James M. Hassett, Graduate Program in Environmental Studies, 206 Marshall Hall, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210

Regulating the placement of a septic system is of particular importance in the New York City drinking water supply watershed. Ninety percent of New York City's drinking water is not protected by a filtration system forcing the City to comply with stringent Filtration Avoidance requirements. This poster presents the preliminary findings of an analytical literature review examining the effectiveness of current regulations in place in the watershed. Research was conducted by the New York City Department of Environmental Protection agency (NYCDEP) and State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF) to investigate the impact of individual household septic systems on surface water as part of the compliance with Filtration Avoidance. Two of the studies examined the efficiency of the current regulated set back distance of a septic system to surface water. The studies, "Septic Siting" and "Galley Systems Study" both serve as a tool to assess the effectiveness of a 100 feet separation from the absorption field to any surface water as specified in Chapter 10 of New York City Rules and Regulations (10 NYCRR) Appendix 75-A. 75-A 10 NYCRR provides wastewater treatment standards for individual household systems receiving sewage without the addition of industrial or other wasters in quantities less than 1,00 gallons per. Results from "Septic Siting" and preliminary results from "Galley Systems Study" indicate that 100 feet is not an effective separation distance.

 

 

 



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