Seadragon: Ruby Red with Pink Stripes
ESF Top 10 New Species of 2016SHARE:
About the Seadragon
Name: Phyllopteryx dewysea
How it made the Top 10: Seadragons are related to seahorses and are a unique combination of beautiful and bizarre. This new kind of marine fish, 240 mm (nearly 10 inches) in length, is a striking shade of ruby red with pink vertical bars and light markings on its snout. Only the third known species of seadragon, it is found in slightly deeper and more offshore waters than the related common or leafy seadragons. The discovery was made off the coast of Western Australia. Aside from its spectacular appearance, it is a reminder of what we have yet to discover about marine species diversity. If ruby red dragons nearly a foot long in shallow waters have escaped our attention, what else do we not yet know?
Size: About 240 mm (nearly 10 inches)
Etymology: Named to honor Mary "Dewy" Lowe for her love of, and commitment to, the study and conservation of seadragons.
Type locality: Australia, Western Australia, Recherche Archipelago east of Middle Island, trawled at 51 m
Holotype: Western Australian Museum, Perth
More information: Josefin Stiller, Nerida G. Wilson, and Greg W. Rouse. 2015. A spectacular new species of seadragon (Syngnathidae). Royal Society Open Science 2: 140458