Catalog Information Subject to Change
The current ESF Catalog is online only, and is updated as needed throughout the year. To view the version officially associated with a particular year of entry to the College, please refer to the appropriate catalog of record.
In addition to academic majors available at ESF, many departments offer academic “minors” for undergraduate students to build an area of additional breadth outside their major program of study. Admission to undergraduate minors for ESF students is via petition, with additional application requirements as noted in the descriptions of the minors below. Successful completion of a minor will be noted on the transcript of each student.
Applied Statistics Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Diane Kiernan
This minor provides students with an opportunity to extend their understanding of and ability to apply statistical methods beyond the basic techniques presented in introductory courses. The minor is intended to provide students with a strong background in statistical design (both sampling design and experimental design) and analysis. The 12-credit minor consists of two required courses (6 credits), APM 391 (or APM 395) and FOR 323 and 6 credits of directed electives of advanced courses, independent study, or teaching experience related to applied statistics.
This minor requires 12 credits and includes the required courses (6 credits) and directed electives (6 credits) listed below. Other applied statistics courses may be substituted by petition for any course in the directed elective list with the approval of the FNRM Undergraduate Education Committee.
Required Courses (6 credits):
|Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Introduction to Statistics in Engineering
|3 (cannot use both)|
|FOR 323||Forest Biometrics||3|
Choose from the following directed electives (6 credits):
|APM 620||Experimental Design and Analysis of Variance||3|
|APM 625||Sampling Methods||3|
|FOR 495||Undergraduate Teaching Assistance (must be in association with APM 391 or FOR 323)||1|
|FOR 498||Independent Study (under guidance of instructor of APM applied statistics courses)||2-3|
Students from all programs at ESF are eligible for this minor if they have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with same standing).
Bioprocess Science Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Gary Scott
The bioprocess science minor gives students an understanding of the rapidly developing bioprocessing industry, which uses the chemical, physical and biological processes developed by living organisms or their cellular components in a type of advanced manufacturing of specialty commercial products. Bioprocess science will influence diverse fields as it becomes widely used, such as for producing energy from sustainable sources.
The bioprocess science minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students (except students in the bioprocess engineering program) who maintain a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.70, and who desire to develop greater knowledge of bioprocess science and its related fields. Interested students must submit a petition and application form, with courses listed, to their academic advisor and the chair of their department, with final approval from the dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies. Students should declare the minor by the end of the sophomore year, but may petition to their home department for enrollment at any time after that. Successful completion of the minor will be noted on the student’s transcript.
Eighteen credit hours (6 courses) are required to satisfy the minor. Specified courses: PSE 370 Principles of Mass and Energy Balance (3); BPE 310 Colloid and Interface Science (3); BPE 420 Bioseparations (3); and at least three directed elective courses available from both ESF and Syracuse University including biology, forestry, chemical engineering, chemistry, paper science and engineering, bioprocess engineering, and environmental and biological engineering. Students are required to complete at least one course from a list of biological and chemistry electives and at least one course from a list of engineering electives. The complete list of courses is available from faculty advisors.
Coordinator: Dr. Lee Newman
The minor in biotechnology is for students who wish to add knowledge of biotechnology theories and methodologies to the experiences and qualifications gained from their undergraduate program. Required courses develop a basis for understanding biotechnology, both at the theoretical and practical levels. Directed electives allow students to focus on an area of interest in the field. The minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students except those in the biotechnology major.
Twenty credit hours of coursework are required for completion of the minor. Seventeen credits of specified courses include EFB 307 Principles of Genetics (3); EFB 308 Principles of Genetics Lab (1); BTC 401 Molecular Biology Techniques (4); EFB 325 Cell Biology (3); FCH 530 Biochemistry I (3); and FCH 532 Biochemistry II (3). One directed elective course (for a minimum of three credits) must be selected from the following list. A maximum of eight credits can count toward both major and minor requirements; overlap in excess of this number must be offset by taking additional courses from the directed elective list.
- BTC 425 Plant Biotechnology (3)
- BTC 426 Plant Tissue Culture Methods (3)
- BTC 498 Research Problems in Biotechnology (3-6)
- BTC 420 Internship in Biotechnology (3)
- EFB 303 Introductory Environmental Microbiology (4)
- FCH 531 Biochemistry Lab (3)
- BIO 464 Applied Biotechnology (4) (SU)
- MEDT 439 Applied Techniques in Medical Biotechnology (2) (SUNY Upstate)
Coordinator: Dr. Mark Teece
The Minor in Chemistry is open to all undergraduates at SUNY-ESF. Admission to the Chemistry minor requires sophomore, or higher, status, students to have completed one year of General Chemistry (I and II) with lab (8 credits) and one year of Organic Chemistry (I and II) with lab (8 credits).
Fifteen credit hours of upper division chemistry credits (300 level or above) are required from a list of suggested courses, including:
- FCH 325 Organic Chemistry III - 4
- FCH 360 Physical Chemistry I - 3
- FCH 380 Analytical Chemistry I - 3
- FCH 361 Physical Chemistry II - 3
- FCH 381 Analytical Chemistry II - 3
- FCH 399 Introduction to Atmospheric Sciences - 3
- FCH 410 Inorganic Chemistry - 3
- FCH 510 Environmental Chemistry I - 3
- FCH 511 Atmospheric Chemistry - 3
- FCH 515 Methods of Environmental Chemical Analysis - 3
- FCH 530 Biochemistry I - 3
- FCH 531 Biochemistry Laboratory - 3
- FCH 532 Biochemistry II - 3
- FCH 550 Polymer Science: Synthesis and Mechanisms - 3
- FCH 551 Polymer Techniques - 3
- FCH 552 Polymer Science: Properties and Technology - 3
- FCH 584 Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds - 3
Computer and Information Technology Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Gary Scott
The computer and information technology minor is available to all ESF undergraduates who want to develop greater skill in computer science and information technology applications. By understanding the basic principles behind software development, students can more effectively use these tools in their chosen fields. To be eligible for this minor, a student must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.700 or better by the end of the sophomore year. Interested students must submit a petition form and plan sheet, with courses listed, to their academic advisor and undergraduate coordinator, with final approval from the Dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies. Eighteen credit hours (6 courses) in computer science and information technology courses are required to complete the minor.
Required Courses: (12 credits)
- Choose One:
- GNE 160 Computing Methods for Engineers and Physical Scientists (3)
- APM 360 Introduction to Computer Programming (3)
- ERE 335 Numerical and Computing Methods (3)
- ESF 200 Information Literacy (1)
- CIS 252 Introduction to Computer Science (4)
- CIS 351 Data Structures (4)
Elective Courses: (6 credits)
- CME 410 Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (3)
- ERE 622 Digital Image Analysis (3)
- ESF 300 Introduction to Geospatial Information Technologies (3)
- CIS 3xx Any CIS course offered at the 300, 400, and 500 level
- CSE 282 Systems Software Design (3)
- CSE 283 Introduction to Object-Oriented Design (3)
- CSE 351 Mathematical Analysis of Digital Systems (3)
- CSE 381 Computer Architecture (3)
- CSE 458 Data Networks: Basic Principles
- CSE 464 Introduction to VLSI Design (3)
- CSE 471 Introduction to Embedded System Design (3)
- CSE 482 Principles of Software Engineering (3)
- CSE 483 C# and Windows Programming (3)
- CSE 484 Introduction to Computer and Network Security (3)
- CSE 486 Design of Operating Systems (3)
- CSE 561 Digital Machine Design (3)
- CSE 565 Introduction to VLSI Testing and Verification (3)
- CSE 571 Switching Theory (3)
- CSE 581 Introduction to Database Management Systems (3)
- CSE 588 Translator Design (3)
Construction Management Minor
Coordinators: Dr. Paul Crovella
The construction management minor is available to all ESF undergraduates (except students in construction management) and prepares students for management careers in the construction industry. Admission to the minor requires sophomore status, with a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or higher.
Eighteen credit hours (6 courses) are required to complete the minor. Four courses are specified, with an additional two courses selected from the list of six courses given below. A cumulative grade point average of 2.000 or higher is required for the construction management courses.
- CME 255 Plan Interpretation and Quantity Takeoff (3);
- CME 343 Construction Estimating (3);
- CME 453 Construction Planning and Scheduling (3);
- CME 454 Construction Project Management (3).
Two additional courses are chosen from the following:
- CME 331 Construction Safety (3);
- CME 335 Cost Engineering (3);
- CME 444 Materials Marketing (3);
- CME 455 Construction Contracts and Specifications (3).
Coordinator: Dr. John Wagner
Economics analyzes how people with limited resources make choices and provides the fundamentals for good decision-making. The minor in economics provides students with common microeconomic models and tools that can be used to analyze optimal management and policy decisions in natural resources management.
The Economics minor totals 15 credits. Required courses are:
FOR207 Introduction to Economics (3) and ECN301 Intermediate Microeconomic Theory (3) or ECN311 Intermediate Math Microeconomics (3).
In addition, students must choose from the following directed electives (a minimum of 9 credits):
- FOR333 Natural Resources Managerial Economics (3);
- SRE454 Renewable Energy Finance and Analysis (3);
- FOR495 Undergraduate Teaching Assistant (must be in association with FOR207 or FOR333) (3);
- FOR670 Resource and Environmental Economics (3) or ECN437 Resource and Environmental Economics (3);
- ESC422 Energy Markets and Regulation (3);
- ERE430 Engineering Decision Analysis (3) or FIN301 Essentials of Finance (3).
It is the responsibility of the student to meet any prerequisites associated with courses in the minor.
Admission to the minor requires students to have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with the same standing).
Environmental Biology Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Greg McGee
This minor provides students the opportunity to explore fundamentals of molecular, cellular and organismal biology and ecology and to develop laboratory and field proficiencies in the discipline. The minor is open to ESF undergraduate students, including those in biotechnology but excluding all other EFB programs, who maintain a GPA of at least 2.70 after completing at least one semester at ESF and who have completed the following prerequisite courses or their equivalents: EFB 101/102 and 103/104 General Biology (8); and FCH 150/151 and 152/153 General Chemistry (8).
Eighteen credit hours of biology courses are required to satisfy the minor, including EFB 320 General Ecology (4); EFB 307/308 Principles of Genetics w/ laboratory (4); EFB 311 Principles of Evolution (3); 7 credits of directed biology electives that may include EFB 202, 210 and 211 and any 300+ level EFB course except EFB 420, 495 and 498.
Environmental Health Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Lee Newman
The Environmental Health minor will introduce students to environmental health with a core context of epidemiology and toxicology; the minor requires 15-17 credit hours. There are 3 required courses (7 credit hours): EHS250 Foundations of Environmental Health(1), EFB360 Epidemiology(3), and EFB400 Toxic Health Hazards(3). Students will have the flexibility to explore a variety of components by selecting an additional three courses (8-10 credit hours) from among the following: EHS440 Occupational Health and Safety(3), EHS350 Environmental Health Management(3), EHS320 Disease Prevention(2), FST102 Food fights: Contemporary Food Issues(3), FCH399 Introduction to Atmospheric Science(3), ENS470 Environmental Risk Assessment(3), EST245 Foundations of Environmental Communication(3), EHS480 Hazardous Waste Management(3), EFB303 Introductory Environmental Microbiology(4).
The Environmental Health minor will be available to students in all majors (except Environmental Health) who want to increase their knowledge of the impact of the physical environment on human health.
Some of the courses have additional pre-requisites, and students should investigate this before selecting courses to fulfill the minor requirements.
Students must have a minimum GPA of 2.7 to apply. Interested students should submit the minor enrollment form accompanied by a list of courses to fulfill the minor requirements to their faculty advisor and the Environmental Health minor coordinator, with final approval from the Dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies.
Environmental Policy and Communication Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Paul Hirsch
The minor in Environmental Policy and Communication is designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills to navigate the environmental policy process, to effectively communicate with diverse stakeholders in public and private spheres, and to critically reflect on and elucidate the interactions between scientific knowledge, social processes, and environmental problem-solving.
The Environmental Policy and Communication Minor is available to all ESF undergraduates.
Twelve credit hours are required. All students must take a course on the Fundamentals of Environmental Policy (typically EST 321, Government and the Environment). Additionally, to complete the minor, students must take a course in Environmental Communication; an Upper Level Course in Environmental Policy, Leadership, or Decision Making; and a course in Critical Perspectives on Environment & Society. Admission to the minor requires sophomore status with a cumulative GPA of 2.70 or better.
Students in the Environmental Studies department pursuing the Options in either Environment, Communication and Society or Environmental Policy, Planning and Law should work with thir advisor and the Environmental Policy and Communication Program Lead to ensure that the minor is complementary rather than redundant with their option.No more than 6 credits may be double-counted for both the Minor and an Option.
Required Courses (12 credits total):
1) A Course in the Fundamentals of Environmental Policy (3 Credits)
- Government and the Environment (EST 321)
2) A Course in Environmental or Science Communication (3 Credits)
- Public Communication of Science & Technology (EST 395)
- Environmental Communication Workshop (EST 493)
3) An Upper Level Course in Environmental Policy or Decision Making (3 Credits)
- Community Planning & Sustainability (EST 426)
- Environmental & Energy Auditing (EST 427)
- Land Use Law (EST 460)
- Environmental Impact Analysis (EST 550)
- Comprehensive Land Planning (LSA 451)
4) A Course on Critical Perspectives on Environment & Society (3 Credits)
- Environmental Justice (EST 415)
- Attitudes, Values & The Environment (EST 366)
- Social Processes of the Environment (EST 390)
- Indigenous Issues and the Environment (EFB 305)
Additional relevant 300 and 400-level courses (from ESF or SU) may be acceptable
Environmental Writing and Rhetoric Minor
Contact: Dr. Jill Weiss
The minor in Environmental Writing & Rhetoric is open to all undergraduates at SUNY-ESF. To be eligible for entry into the minor, students need a minimum GPA of 2.70 and have successfully completed the prerequisite courses EWP 190 and EWP 290 or their equivalent (Students may apply for entry to the minor prior to completion EWP 290).
Coursework (12 credits total):
- Required Core Course (3 Credits)
- EWP 300: Survey of Environmental Writing
- Literature & Film Courses (3 Credits)
- EWP 311: Urban Environmental Literature
- EWP 350: Eco-Cinema: Perspectives and Practices
- EWP 390: Literature of Nature
- EWP 490: Contemporary Literature of Nature
- Advanced/Professional Writing Courses (3 Credits)
- EWP 407: Writing for Environmental & Science Professionals
- EWP 420: Advanced Public Presentation Skills
- EWP 494/694: Creative Non-Fiction for the Sciences
- EWP 495: Environmental Journalism
- Directed Electives (3 credits) Choose from:
- EWP 401: Capstone Experience (with permission of instructor), or
- Another three-credit, upper-division EWP course (300 or 400-level)
Food Studies Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Lee Newman
The food studies minor will be available to students in all majors who want to increase their knowledge of the impact of food production systems, food security and food systems on human society and individual human health.
Some of the directed elective courses have additional pre-requisites, and students must investigate this before making up their proposed course plan.
Interested students (GPA 2.7 required in order to apply) must submit a petition, with a list of potential courses to fulfill the minor requirements to (a) their faculty advisor, (b) the undergraduate curriculum coordinator of their home department and (c) the food studies minor coordinator, with final approval from the Dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies.
Many of these courses are offered at Syracuse University. Students pursuing this minor may incur additional fees as required for exceeding their SU accessory instruction allocation.
For the Minor, all students must take 6 courses distributed as follows among 3 categories:
Two required lower division courses:
- FST 102 Food Fights: Contemporary Food Issues (3)
- FST 202 Agroecology (3)
Select one among the following courses:
- EFB 337 Field Ethnobotany (3)
- EFB 437 Plant Propagation (3)
- EST 361 History of the American Environmental Movement (3)
Select three among the following courses:
- FST 204: Food, identity and Power (3)
- FST 303 Food Movements (3)
- FST 304 Farm to Fork (4)
- FST 306 Food Cooperatives (3)
- FST 307 Feeding the World: Global Agri-food Governance (3)
- FST 309 Philosophy and Practice of Locavorism (3)
- FST 310 Will Work for Food: Labor Across the Food System (3)
- FST 312 Emergency Food Systems (3) ***Note: This course is not offered each year.
- FST 402 Feeding the City: Urban Food Systems (3)
- FST 403 The Human Right to Adequate Food and Nutrition (3)
- FST 421 Morality of a Meal: Food Ethics (3)
- FST 423 Food in History (3)
- NSD 555 Food, Culture and Environment (3) **NOTE** This has prerequisites that will add to SU credits.
Coordinator: Dr. Rene Germain
The minor in forestry draws from the biological, physical, social, and managerial sciences. The curriculum aids in understanding the biological complexities of the forest and the interactions between the forest and social and economic demands. The minor is designed to provide students with an appreciation of forest resources management. Course themes include forest measurements, forest ecology, forest management and silviculture, and forest policy and economics.
Admission to the minor requires students to have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with same standing).
The minor in Forestry requires 16 credits. It is the responsibility of the student to meet any prerequisites associated with courses in the minor. Required courses are FOR 322 Forest Mensuration (3) (prerequisite of FOR 304 or equivalent); FOR 332 Forest Ecology (3) (prerequisite of FOR 232 or EFB 320 or equivalent); FOR 334 Silviculture (4); FOR 370 Forest Management Decision Making and Planning (3) or FOR 373 Forest Operations (3) (prerequisites for FOR 370: FOR 322 and FOR 334; prerequisites for FOR 373: FOR 322 and FOR 334); FOR 333 Natural Resource Managerial Economics (3) or FOR 465 Natural Resources Policy (3) (prerequisite for FOR 333: FOR 207 or equivalent; no prerequisites for FOR 465).
Information Management and Technology Minor
Coordinator: Dean Scott Shannon
In collaboration with the Syracuse University School of Information Studies (the i-School), ESF also offers an undergraduate minor in Information Management and Technology for ESF students. This minor is designed to give students knowledge of information technology and an understanding of information and communications problems. It complements many majors because all organizations need people who understand information resources and information technology. To be eligible for this minor, students must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better and apply for the minor after completing at least one semester at ESF, but as soon after that as possible to ensure all courses can be completed. It is preferable students begin the minor during their sophomore year.
The following 18 credits of courses are required: ITS 195 Information Technologies (3); 9 credits of ITS elective coursework; and one course from each of the following two general areas of study:
- IST 233 Introduction to Computer Networking (3)
- IST 352 Applications of Information Systems (3)
- IST 459 Introduction to Database Management Systems (3)
- IST 335 Introduction to Information-based Organizations (3)
- IST 352 Information Analysis of Organizational Systems (3)
- IST 445 Managing Information Systems Projects (3)
For questions regarding the selection of elective coursework, please contact Elaine Morgan with the i-School at 443-1830 or email@example.com
Landscape Architecture Studies
The minor in Landscape Architecture Studies provides an understanding of the natural and human factors and the role of design in shaping our physical environment. This minor is available to SU and ESF students. To complete this minor, students must complete 15 credit hours (5 courses) with a cumulative grade point average of 2.5. One course is specified, with an additional four courses to be selected from the list of seven approved courses listed below.
Admission to the minor requires a cumulative grade point average of 2.7 or higher and permission (ESF petition) of the Landscape Architecture Undergraduate Curriculum Director (331 Marshall Hall).
Required Courses (3 Credits)
- LSA 220 - Introduction to Landscape Architecture
Approved Courses (3 Credits each)
- LSA 311 - Natural Processes in Planning and Design
- LSA 312 - Place/Culture/Design
- LSA 305 - History of Landscape Architecture I (meets Gen Ed)
- LSA 306 - History of Landscape Architecture II
- LSA 321 - Ecological Applications in Planning and Design
- LSA 451 - Comprehensive Land Planning
- LSA 497 - Contemporary Issues in Landscape Architecture
Total credits required: 15
Coordinator: Rene Germain
The management minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students who want to develop greater skills and knowledge of business fundamentals. In addition to understanding basic financial and managerial accounting principles, students can further develop focus in their minor through coursework in entrepreneurship, finance, marketing, human resources, and other topics.
Admission to the minor requires sophomore status, a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better and permission (via the ESF Minor Enrollment Form) of the Coordinator of the minor. Normally, students are allowed to take only one management course at Syracuse University's Whitman School per semester, so careful planning is required.
The management minor requires fifteen (15) credits, six (6) credits from a required course and nine (9) credits of elective courses. It is the responsibility of the student to meet any prerequisites associated with any courses in the minor.
Required Course (6 credits):
FOR 360 - Principles of Management (3)
- and -
FOR 205 - Principles of Accounting (3)
- or -
CME 151 - Introduction to Financial Accounting (3)
Elective Courses (9 credits):
CME 252 - Introduction to Managerial Accounting (3)
CME 444 - Materials Marketing (3)
EST 450 - Sustainable Enterprise (3)
FOR 485 - Business and Managerial Law (3)
SRE 422 - Energy Markets and Regulation (3)*
SRE 454 - Renewable Energy Finance and Analysis (3)*
ERE 519 - Green Entrepreneurship (3)
PSE 456 - Management in the Paper Industry (3)
EEE 370 - Introduction to Entrepreneurship and Emerging Enterprises (3)
EEE 375 - Entrepreneurial and Family Business Management (3)
EEE 382 - Entrepreneurial Marketing (3)
EEE 442 - Emerging Enterprise Law (3)
EEE 443 - Emerging Enterprise Consulting (3)
FIN 301 - Essentials of Finance (3)
MAR 301 - Essentials of Marketing (3)
SHR 247 - Introduction to Strategic Management (3)
*Students in the Sustainable Energy Management major may not use ENS 422 and FOR 454 to satisfy the requirements in the Management minor.
Marine Science Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Kim Schulz
The marine science minor is available to students in all majors who want to increase their knowledge of marine systems. Prior to admission students must have completed one year of General Biology (EFB 101/102 and EFB 103/104) and one year of General Chemistry (FCH 150/151), or equivalent, and have earned a cumulative GPA of 2.70. Some of the directed elective courses have additional pre-requisites, which will not count toward the minor.
This minor requires at least 12 credits from the list below, with no more than 3 courses taken from any one department, and no more than 3 credit hours of lower division credits counted. Other marine science courses may be substituted by petition for any course in the directed elective list with approval of the marine science curriculum coordinator.
Although not required, all participants in the marine science minor are encouraged to incorporate a field or hands-on component in their choice of courses. Such courses include EFB 423 Marine Ecology (weekend field trip), the Sea Education Association courses, approved field courses from other marine stations or institutions, and approved internship (e.g., EFB 420) or approved independent research (e.g., EFB 498, ENS 498, FCH 498) opportunities related to marine topics (must be approved in advance by the marine science minor coordinator).
|Course number||Course title||Credit hours|
Fisheries Science and Management
Water and Our Environment
History of Earth and Life
Introduction to Paleobiology
Topics in Paleobiology
Seafloor Spreading and Oceanographic Lithosphere
Quaternary Environmental and Climate Change
Geography of Coastal Environments
In addition, the following Sea Education Association courses would count toward the minor without petition, and not subject to the lower division requirement described above (221 Oceanography, 224 Practical Oceanographic Research, 225 Practical Oceanography I, 226 Practical Oceanography II, 320 Ocean Science and Public Policy, 321 Oceans in the Global Carbon Cycle, 324 Advanced Oceanographic Field Methods, 325 Directed Oceanographic Research, 326 The Ocean and Global Change, 327 Toward a Sustainable Ocean: Conservation and Management, 450 Advanced Topics in Biological Oceanography: Biodiversity).
Coordinator: Dr. Gary Scott
The mathematics minor is available to all ESF undergraduates who have an interest in developing greater knowledge in the field of mathematics. To be eligible for this minor, a student must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.700 or better by the end of the sophomore year. Interested students must submit a petition form, with courses listed and plan sheet, to their academic advisor and undergraduate coordinator, with final approval from the Dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies. Sixteen credit hours (5 courses) in mathematics courses are required to complete the minor. Admission to the mathematics minor requires students to have completed Calculus I and Calculus II.
Required Courses: (7 credits)
- APM 307 Calculus III for Scientists and Engineering (4)
- Choice of:
- APM 485 Differential Equations for Engineers and Scientists (3)
- MAT 331 First Course in Linear Algebra (3)
Elective Courses: (9 credits)
- APM 395 Probability and Statistics for Engineers (3)
- APM 485 Differential Equations for Engineers and Scientists (3)
- APM 585 Partial Differential Equations for Engineers and Scientists (3)
- APM 635 Multivariate Statistical Methods (3)
- APM 645 Nonparametric Statistics and Categorical Data Analysis (3)
- MAT 4xx Any MAT course numbered 400 or above (3)
Coordinator: Susan Anagnost, PhD
The microscopy minor is available to all undergraduates at ESF and Syracuse University, who desire knowledge of methods and applications of light and electron microscopes for research and industry. The minor will prepare students to use a variety of microscopes for applications in biology, nanotechnology, environmental medicine, chemistry, materials science, engineering, pulp and paper and others.
Admission requires junior status and GPA 2.75. To enroll in the minor, students must submit a petition to their advisor, the undergraduate curriculum coordinator in their home department, and the minor coordinator in the NC Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies in the SCME department with final approval by the Dean of Instruction.
The minor requires 12 credits of coursework: MCR 480 Fundamentals of Microscopy (3), MCR 484 Scanning Electron Microscopy (3), MCR 485 Transmission Electron Microscopy (3), and MCR 585 Light Microscopy for Research Applications.
Native Peoples and the Environment Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Robin Kimmerer
The Native Peoples and the Environment minor is available to all ESF undergraduates. The interdisciplinary suite of courses provides students with a cohesive introduction to Indigenous cultures, worldviews and knowledge systems and their application to environmental thought. The minor creates a conceptual framework for integrating traditional ecological knowledge with western scientific approaches in service to the science of sustainability. Through the breadth of courses and experiences, students will gain an appreciation for both the global nature and the local context of indigenous issues and the environment. The minor includes a required team taught seminar which enhances opportunities for interdisciplinary and cross-cultural integration.
Fourteen credit hours (5 courses) taken in residence are required to complete the minor. Two courses are specified, with an additional two or three courses selected from the list below. An internship may be used to fulfill a course requirement, if focused on Native peoples and the environment
Admission to the minor requires sophomore status with a cumulative GPA of 2.70 or better. Fourteen credit hours of courses are required.
Two required courses: (6 credits)
- EST140 Introduction to Native Peoples, Lands and Cultures (3)
- EFB 305 Indigenous Issues and the Environment (3)
Two or three courses (8 credits) selected from the following list:
- EFB 306 Plants and Culture
- EFB 337 Field Ethnobotany
- EST 390 Social Processes and the Environment
- EST 497 Onondaga Land Rights and our Common Future
- SOC 444 Contemporary Native American Movements
- NAT 142 Native American Religion
- NAT 400 Haudenosaunee/New York State Relations
- EFB 420 Internship (on Indigenous Issues)
- EFB 496 Ecosystem Restoration Design
- EFB 496 Indigenous Stewardship Seminar
- EFB 496 Indigenous Values and Environmental Decisions
Relevant 496 and 497 courses may be acceptable for inclusion in the minor, by petition to the minor coordinator.
Paper Science Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Gary Scott
The paper and related industries (including pulp, mineral, chemical and machinery suppliers) continually seek knowledgeable and skilled employees. Each year, companies hire numerous graduates of chemical, mechanical and environmental engineering programs as well as chemists and other environmental professionals in addition to paper science and engineering graduates. Salaries for new hires are among the highest for all fields of study at the bachelor’s degree level. This minor gives students a thorough understanding of the paper industry that will allow them to apply their major field of study to this growth industry.
The paper science minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students (except students in the paper science and paper engineering programs) who maintain a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.70 and who desire to develop greater knowledge of paper science and its related fields. It is recommended that a student enter the minor by the end of the sophomore year, but entry at a later date is possible if course coverage is already in progress.
Eighteen credit hours (6 courses) in paper science courses are required. Specified courses: PSE 200 Introduction to Papermaking (3); PSE 202 Pulp and Paper Laboratory Skills (1); PSE 370 Principles of Mass and Energy Balance (3); and directed electives courses (at least 11 credits): PSE 350 Fiber Processing (3); PSE 437 Troubleshooting and Maintenance (3); PSE 465 Paper Properties (4); PSE 466 Paper Coating and Converting (2); PSE 467 Papermaking Wet End Chemistry (3); PSE 468 Papermaking Processes (6).
Coordinator: Dr. Gary Scott
The physics minor is available to all ESF undergraduates who have an interest in developing greater knowledge in the field of physics. To be eligible for this minor, a student must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.7000 or better by the end of the sophomore year. Interested students must submit a petition form, with courses listed and plan sheet, to their academic advisor and undergraduate coordinator, with final approval from the Dean of Instruction and Graduate Studies. Sixteen hours (6 courses) in physics courses are required to complete the minor. Admission to the physics minor requires students to have completed General Physics I (with lab).
Required Courses: (4 credits)
- PHY 212 General Physics II (3)
- PHY 222 General Physics Laboratory II (1)
Elective Courses: (12 credits)
- PHY 3xx Any PHY courses numbered 300 or above
Recreation Resource and Protected Area Management Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Diane Kuehn
This minor provides students with the opportunity to combine visitor management with protected area management. Understanding the need to balance the opportunity for visitor experiences with protecting and stewarding protected areas provides professional insight into planning and managing those areas for limited visitor access. Understanding the motivations, preferences, and behavior of recreational users is necessary to integrate the human dimensions into protected area management with consideration of the social and environmental factors related to such management. Protected area managers need to be able to manage both the resource itself as well as a wide variety of users, such as campers, hikers, bird watchers, boaters, nature photographers and others who enjoy nature-based experiences in extensive protected area environments owned by public agencies, private landowners, or NGOs.
Students from all programs at ESF are eligible for this minor if they have completed a general ecology course and have a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better in their major program of study after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with same standing). Overlap between the minor and both one required course and one directed elective for a student’s major is permitted; other courses taken for the minor can not overlap with the major.
This interdisciplinary minor requires 15 credits and includes the following courses taught at ESF in the Departments of Forest and Natural Resources Management and Environmental and Forest Biology:
Required Courses (9 credits)
- EFB 312 Introduction to Personal Environmental Interpretation Methods (3)
- FOR 372 Fundamentals of Outdoor Recreation (3)
- FOR 475 Human Behavior and Recreation Visitor Management (3)
Required independent study or internship (3 credits)
- FOR 498 Section 20, OR FOR 499 Section 20
One of the following management/protected area courses (3 credits)
- EFB 413 Introduction to Conservation Biology (3)
- FOR 476 Ecotourism and Nature Tourism (3)
- FOR 478 Wilderness and Wildlands Management (3)
- FOR 523 Tropical Ecology (3)
Renewable Energy Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Tim Volk
The development of sustainable sources of energy has become a critical national and global issue due to concerns about the quality and quantity of the different potential resources, energy security, and potential impacts of each on the environment and human health. It is essential that our society and energy professionals gain an understanding of production and conversion of different forms of energy, their current and future supplies, the markets and policy mechanisms that regulate their supply, and the associated impacts on the environment for each fuel. In the past both traditional and renewable energy sources have been studied one resource at a time and usually from the perspective of a single discipline. This minor will provide students an opportunity to examine different sources of traditional and renewable energy simultaneously in the context of our total energy use using a systems perspective. Students will be exposed to views from a variety of disciplines as they wrestle with a wide array of issues related to current and future energy supply and use.
The Renewable Energy minor is available to all ESF undergraduate students (except students who are in the Sustainable Energy Management Major or the Renewable Energy option in Environmental Science) who have a GPA of 2.70 or better by the end of their sophomore year. The minor will require a minimum of 15 credits, 12 of which are required courses. The remaining 3 credits can be selected from a list of suggested courses.
Fifteen credit hours of courses are required. Specified courses: SRE 325 Energy Systems (3); SRE 335 Renewable Energy (3); SRE 479 Life Cycle Assessment (3); Either CME 305 Sustainable Energy Systems for Buildings (3) or SRE 441 Biomass Energy (3) and a minimum of three credits from the following list of suggested courses: CME 305 Sustainable Energy Systems for Buildings (3) OR SRE 441 Biomass Energy; SRE 422 Energy Markets and Regulation (3); SRE 454 Renewable Energy Finance and Analysis (3); SRE 416 Sustainable Energy Policy (3); SRE 419 Policy Assessment Methodologies (3); ERE 351 Basic Engineering Thermodynamics (2); ERE 380 Energy Systems Engineering; ERE 519 Green Entrepreneurship (3); FCH 360 Physical Chemistry I (3); PSE 361 Engineering Thermodynamics (3); PSE 370 Principles of Mass and Energy Balance (3).
Sustainable Construction Minor
Coordinators: Dr. Paul Crovella
The sustainable construction minor is available to all ESF undergraduates (except students in construction management) and prepares students for careers related to sustainable construction. The objective of the minor is to provide a fundamental understanding of the concepts and methods used to take a design into the field and build a quality sustainable structure in the most efficient and effective manner with minimal environmental impact. Admission to the minor requires sophomore status and a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or higher.
A cumulative grade point average of 2.000 or higher is required for the sustainable construction management courses in order to obtain the minor.
Fifteen credit hours are required to complete satisfy the minor. Choose 5 courses (15 credits) from the following:
- CME 215 Sustainable Construction (3)
- CME 305 Sustainable Energy Systems for Buildings (3)
- CME 306 Engineering Materials for Sustainable Construction (3)
- CME 304 Environmental Performance Measures for Buildings (3)
- CME 343 Construction Estimating (3)
- CME 405 Building Information Modeling (3)
- CME 565 Sustainable Innovations in Residential Construction (3)
- CME 444 Materials Marketing (3)
- CME 453 Planning and Scheduling (3)
- CME 454 Project Management (3)
- EST 426 Community Planning and Sustainability (3)
- EST 427 Environmental & Energy Auditing (3)
- EST 460 Land Use Law (3)
- EST 550 Environmental Impact Analysis (3)
- RMS 387 Renewable Materials for Sustainable Construction (3)
- RMS 422 Composite Materials for Sustainable Construction (3)
Urban Environmental Science Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Margaret Bryant
Twelve credit hours (4 courses) of urban concentration courses are required to satisfy the minor: 6 credits of required courses and 6 credits of electives outside the student's major. Entry into the minor requires a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.70 in residence at ESF.
Core Course Requirements
To satisfy the Minor in Urban Environmental Science, the student must take the following core courses:
|Course #||Course Title||Credits||Expected time of completion (Semester/Year)|
|EST/EFB 220||Urban Ecology||3 credits||(offered Autumn)|
and three credits of a "Capstone" project accomplished from among the following:
|Course #||Course Title||Credits|
|xxx 496||Approved ‘experimental’ course||3 credits|
|xxx 498||Approved Independent Research Project||3 credits|
|xxx 499||Approved Internship||3 credits|
|Established Course||Approved Course||3 credits|
A student enrolled in the minor, will present to the advisory committee in the sixth week of the semester prior to engagement in the learning endeavor, a plan for a “capstone” experience, which will be undertaken working in conjunction with a faculty member(s) who will oversee an off-campus internship (courses numbered 499), independent-study project (courses numbered 498), or completion of a final project undertaken in a special topic (courses numbered 496) or established 3-credit course. All students will present their completed projects to the advisory committee and their peers in the last week of classes, depending on the semester of completion (fall or spring). All students currently enrolled in the minor are expected to attend capstone presentations.
Elective Course Requirements
Outside the student’s Major, 6 additional credits selected from the list of approved courses, which are offered in a faculty other than that of the student’s major, and which are above and beyond those courses being used to satisfy a student’s major, general education or professional requirements.
Urban Forestry Minor
Coordinator: Dr. Eddie Bevilacqua
The Urban Forestry minor will provide students with the opportunity to better understand complex human-dominated ecosystems where trees and people coexist in close proximity. Understanding and attempting to manage this complexity requires a basic knowledge of plant physiology, nutrition, and tending at the individual tree level (arboriculture). In addition, the urban forester also must understand the changing dynamic of groups of trees and the effects of those trees on numerous ecosystem services and human health and well-being in a city (urban forestry). Because human activity is so dominant in the urban ecosystem, it is essential that the urban forester have some understanding of ecological interactions and human motivations for sustaining and maintaining existing trees (urban ecology). The courses listed below will provide the professional knowledge required for careers in these and related fields.
Fifteen credit hours are required: FOR 480 Urban Forestry (3), FOR 481 Introduction to Arboriculture (3), EST 220 Urban Ecology (3), ESF 300 Introduction to Geospatial Information Technologies (3) and LSA 480 Seminar in Urban Design (3).
The interdisciplinary minor includes courses taught in the Departments of Forest and Natural Resources Management, Environmental Studies, and Landscape Architecture. Admission to this minor requires students to have (1) completed a general ecology course (e.g. EFB 320 General Ecology), (2) a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or greater after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with the same GPA).
Water Resources Minor
Coordinators: Dr. John Stella (FNRM), Dr. Kim Schulz (EFB), and Dr. Chuck Kroll (ERE)
Water resources is a multi-disciplinary field that integrates the physical, geochemical and biological processes of the water cycle and their application to management of water resources, water policy, and human dimensions of water quality and quantity. The interdisciplinary minor in water resources is designed as a flexible program for undergraduate students to study and integrate principles of physical hydrology, geochemistry, aquatic and terrestrial ecology, natural resources management, and environmental policy. The minor can include courses in the Departments of Forest and Natural Resources Management, Environmental Resources Engineering, Environmental and Forest Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Studies, as well as relevant courses at Syracuse University. The minor comprises 15 credit hours total that must be distributed across three departments at minimum (i.e., course numbers with three separate prefixes), with the intent of covering a breadth of disciplines. These courses must include at least one foundation course, either FOR 442 Watershed Ecology and Management, or EFB 424 Limnology: Study of Inland Waters. Courses taken for the minor can also count toward students' majors or other academic requirements, subject to those other program guidelines. Students are responsible for meeting the prerequisite requirements for individual courses, as applicable.
Admission to this minor requires that a student from any ESF program has a cumulative grade point average of 2.70 or better after one semester at ESF (or as a transfer student with same GPA).
Required foundation course; students must take at least one of these:
- FOR 442 Watershed Ecology and Management (3)
- EFB 424 Limnology: Study of Inland Waters (3)
Approved elective courses that count toward the minor include the following, subject to availability and pre-requisite requirements. Other relevant courses may be petitioned.
- EFB 487 Fisheries Science and Management (3)
- EFB 488 Fisheries Science Practicum (1)
- EFB 496 Watershed Ecology with Focus on the Hudson River (2)
- EFB 500 The Hudson River Watershed: Source to Sink in Eight Days (1-2)
- EFB 525 Limnology Practicum (2)
- EFB 554 Aquatic Entomology (3)
- EFB 681 Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration and Enhancement (2)
- ENS 601 Water Resources Management (3)
- ENS 607 Wetland Practicum (2–3)
- ERE 412 River Form and Process (3)
- ERE 475 Ecological Engineering for Water Quality (3)
- ERE 527 Stormwater Management (3)
- EST 625 Wetland Management Policy (3)
- FCH 515 Methods in Environmental Chemical Analysis (3)
- FOR 338 Meteorology (3)
- EFB 423 Marine Ecology (4) (even years only)
- EFB 486 Ichthyology (3)
- EFB 492 Senior Synthesis in Aquatic and Fisheries Science (1)
- EFB 542 Freshwater Wetland Ecosystems (3)
- EFB 692 Ecology and Management of Waterfowl (3)
- ERE 340 Engineering Hydrology and Hydraulics (4)
- ERE 440 Water and Wastewater Treatment (3)
- ERE 445 Hydrologic Modeling (3)
- ERE 508 Water - An Incredible Journey (3)
- ERE 570 Hydrology in a Changing Climate (3)
- FCH 510 Environmental Chemistry I (3)
- FCH 525 Oceanography (3)
- FOR 340 Watershed Hydrology (3)
Approved Syracuse University courses:
- CIE 352 Water Resources Engineering (3)
- CIE 457 Biogeochemistry (3)
- EAR 400 Contaminant Hydrogeology (3)
- EAR 400 Chemical Oceanography and Paleooceanography (3)
- EAR 401/601 Hydrogeology (3)
- EAR 612 Water-Energy Seminar
- GEO 316 River Environments
- GEO 422 Water: Environment, Society and Politics
* Special Course Codes (Code indicates course meets certain program or accreditation requirements. Ignore if there is no relevance to this program of study.) G = General Education Course (GenEd), E = Engineering, ES = Engineering Sciences, M = Mathematic, NS = Natural Sciences, PE = Professional Education, S = Summer-only