Limnology Lecture -- EFB 524

Fall 2002

Description:  Limnology is the study of inland waters – lakes, streams, and reservoirs.  Some of the topics that will be covered in this course include:  the origin of lakes; the importance of chemical and physical properties; the biogeochemical cycling of elements (e.g., carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, iron and silicon); the ecology of aquatic organisms (bacteria, phytoplankton, zooplankton, benthos, macrophytes and fish); the pollution and eutrophication of freshwaters; a comparison of lake, stream and reservoir ecosystems; paleolimnology; food-chains and food-webs; energy flow; case studies of whole lakes.  Lectures should give the student a basic understanding of limnology, including developments in current research.  Grades will be based on exams, problem sets, and two short literature reviews; extra credit opportunities will be available throughout the semester.  A brief outline of the lecture notes and some visual aids will be posted on the web ( after each class.

A separate course, Limnology Laboratory, EFB 525, is available for students who want more hands-on experience with sampling and aquatic organisms.

Professor:  Kimberly L. Schulz
Contact information: 456/454 Illick Hall, 470-6808;
Office Hours: (456 Illick) Wednesdays 9:30-10:30 AM, Fridays 3:00-3:55 PM, or by appointment

Teaching Assistants:
    Mike Snyder, 248 Illick Hall; 470-6949;;
        Office hours: Wed. 10:30-11:30 AM; Thurs. 3:00-4:00 PM
    Mercy Borbor, 301 Illick Hall, 470-6812,
        Office hours: Tuesdays 3:00-4:30 PM

The readings are meant to complement lecture material and are available in on the website (follow link to the campus website).  I would encourage anyone interested in a career related to aquatic science to purchase Wetzel 2001.  This is an excellent reference source, and I've included relevant pages in Wetzel (Wetzel, R.G. 2001. Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems. Third Edition. Academic Press) for each lecture if you need further clarification or additional information.


If you are in Limnology and want to view the power point files or the readings, go to the following website (on campus only):

            Click here for Problem Set 3 ANSWERS!
Month Date Day Lecture Topic Readings
(on cww website)
Wetzel Optional Reading Due
Aug. 26 M Introduction Kalff 1-7  
  28 W Origin of lakes Wetzel 15-17; 23-34  

30 F Origin of lakes
Morphology and zonation
Kalff 34-42; 129-134  
Sept.  2 M NO CLASS (Labor Day)
  4 W Hydrologic cycle Kalff 43-48  
  6 F Light in water Wetzel 49-69  
  9 M Thermal stratification and lake mixing Various 9-14; 71-92  
  11 W Water movements – physical properties Cole 93-128  
  13 F Origin of dissolved substances Wetzel 169-186  
  16 M NO CLASSES (Yom Kippur)


18 W Dissolved gases (O2, N2, CH4) Kalff 151-168
  20 F Inorganic carbon; alkalinity and pH Wetzel 187-204 LR1 
  23 M Bacteria and biogeochemistry; microbial loop Kalff 397-412; 489-525  
  25 W Iron and redox reactions Various 289-306  
  27 F Phosphorus cycling Various 239-269 PS1
  30 M Nitrogen cycling - guest lecture Various 205-237
Oct. 2 W Integration of nutrient cycling
  4 F Review for Exam I (questions and answers)
  9 W Littoral biota and wetlands Various 527-575; 577-582; 812-820  

  14 M Stream biota and ecology Allen; Dodds 17-23; 139-142; 665-710  
  16 W Stream Ecology II
  18 F Phytoplankton Diversity Various 339-358  
  21 M Phytoplankton - Nutrition and Ecology  Lampert 134-139; 142-149  
  23 W Phytoplankton ecology II; Zooplankton diversity I Lampert 359-393  
  25 F Zooplankton diversity II Various 396-397; 412-416; 428-433  
  28 M Zooplankton ecology Lampert 417-428   

30 W Zooplankton population dynamics Lampert 433-448; 468-483 PS2
Nov.  1 F Integrated plankton ecology I Lampert 449-460
  4 M Integrated plankton ecology II Lampert 460-464  
  6 W Review for Exam II   Exam 2 Practice Questions and Answers 


  11 M Current topics in benthic and stream ecology Limburg  710-724; 832-836; 839-840
  13 W Estuaries and Salt lakes Junk, Dodds    
  15 F Food webs and control Lampert 464-468  
  18 M Acid rain Kalff 269-288; 825-832; 836-839 LR2 
  20 W Pollution and cultural eutrophication Dodds    
  22 F Exotic species in aquatic systems Mills    
  25 M Paleolimnology and global change Wetzel
  27 W NO CLASS (Thanksgiving)

29 F NO CLASS (Thanksgiving)
Dec.  2 M Case studies Various  
  4 W Case studies/Summary Kling    
  TBA 0 Review for final exam  - final practice questions

                               EXAM – CUMULATIVE FINAL – Integrative Limnology -- during exam period

Problem Sets (PS1, PS2, PS3) 15%
Two literature reviews (LR1, LR2) 20%
Exam 1 (E1) 20%
Exam 2 (E2) 20%
Final Exam 25%

Extra Credit Opportunities:
    15 'Review Questions of the Week'              1 extra credit exam point each
    Review Bonus Games Before Tests              1-3 bonus points
    Aquatic Book review                                    up to 5% of course grade
        (see me by 4 November to arrange this)

Late Policy:

If you find that you have several assignments or outside obligations due on the same day, see me before the Limnology assignment is due, and we can work out a reasonable extension. If you don’t contact me before the assignment is due, I will generally accept late assignments, but at a late penalty of 10% per day. So, obviously, if you anticipate difficulty with completing an assignment, you should contact me early! I will not accept late problem sets after the answer key has been posted (usually at the next class period).
Honor Code
ESF and SU students are bound by an academic honor code that details rights and responsibilities for study. You should be aware that this code provides serious sanctions for academic dishonesty (including but not limited to plagiarism and cheating). I expect that you will follow the honor code. Any violation of the honor code will result in failing the assignment and/or failing the course. If you have any questions about the ESF honor code or about what constitutes plagiarism or cheating, please either check the ESF website or come speak with me.
Class Absence
If you encounter a situation beyond your control during which you will be missing 3 or more days of classes, you can contact the Office of Student Life (110 Bray, (315) 470-6660, FAX: (315) 470-4728), and they will contact all your instructors for you.  Supportive documentation may be required.

Accommodations for Students with Disabilities

If you have an identified disability and will need accommodations, you should first contact Mr. Slocum in the Office of Student Life in 110 Bray Hall.  He will discuss the ESF process and work with you to access supportive services.  If you have a learning disability, the College will require you to provide supportive documentation and will develop an approved accommodation sheet for you.  Accommodations cannot be provided until the accommodation sheet is established and we have met to discuss its applicability to this course.  Accommodations cannot be provided retroactively.  If you have any questions about class absences or disabilities, please contact me and/or Mr. Slocum as soon as possible.  All conversations will be strictly confidential.
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