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Adirondack Mammals

Of the 4,060 species of mammals that inhabit the world, fifty-three occur within the Adirondack Park. These mammals represent 7 orders and 17 families. Some species, like the opossum and striped skunk, are rare and occur mostly at the periphery of the Adirondacks. Other species, such as the white-tailed deer and short-tailed shrew, are common and well distributed throughout the Park.


Order - Didelphimorphia (American marsupials)
Family - Didelphidae
Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

Order - Soricomorpha
Family - Soricidae (Shrews)

Long-tailed shrew (Sorex dispar)
Masked shrew (Sorex cinereus)
Pygmy shrew (Sorex hoyi)
Smoky shrew (Sorex fumeus)
Water shrew (Sorex palustris)
Short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda)

Family - Talpidae (Moles)
Hairy-tailed mole (Parascalops breweri)
Star-nosed mole (Condylura cristata)
Order - Lagomorpha (Hares, rabbits and pikas)

Family - Leporidae (Hares and rabbits)
Eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)
Snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus)



Order Chiroptera (Bats)
Family - Vespertilionidae (Vesper bats)
Big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus)
Eastern pipistrelle or Tri-colored bat (Perimyotis subflavus)
Silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans)
Red bat (Lasiurus borealis)
Hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus)
Eastern small footed bat (Myotis leibii)
Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis)
Little brown bat (Myotis lucifigus)
Northern long-eared myotis (Myotis septentrionalis)

Order - Carnivora (Carnivores)
Family - Canidae (Dogs)
Eastern coyote (Canis latrans)
Gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
Red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Family - Felidae (Cats)
Bobcat (Lynx rufus)
Canada Lynx (Lynx canadensis)

Family - Mephitidae (Skunks)
Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)

Family - Mustelidae (Mustelids)
Ermine (Mustela erminea)
Fisher (Martes pennanti)
Long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata)
American marten (Martes americana)
American mink (Mustela vison)
Northern river otter (Lontra canadensis)

Family - Procyonidae (Raccoons)
Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
Family - Ursidae (Bears)
Black Bear (Ursa americana)

Order - Rodentia (Rodents)
Family - Castoridae (Beavers)
American Beaver (Castor canadensis)
Family - Cricetidae (New World rats, mice, voles)
Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)
Rock Vole (Microtus chrotorrhinus)
Meadow Vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus)
Woodland Vole (Microtus pinetorum)
Southern Red-backed vole (Myodes gapperi)
Southern Bog Lemming (Synaptomys cooperi)
White-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus)
Deer Mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus)

Family - Erethizontidae (New World Porcupines)
North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum)

Family - Sciuridae (Squirrels)
Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias striatus)
Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)
Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)
Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus)
Southern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys volans)
Woodchuck (Marmota monax)
Family - Zapodidae (Jumping mice)
Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius)
Woodland Jumping Mouse (Napaeozapus insignis)
Order - Artiodactyla (Even-toed ungulates)

Family - Cervidae (Deer)
Moose (Alces alces)
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)