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Research Institutes and Centers


Additional Information about Research at ESF

Adirondack Ecological Center

The Adirondack Ecological Center (AEC) is the leader in ecological sciences in the Adirondack Mountains of northern New York and a major contributor to international, place-based research. The mission of the AEC is to understand the Adirondack ecosystem through research and education. 

The AEC was established in 1971 by the State University of New York College of Environmental Forestry (ESF) in Syracuse. AEC is located on ESF's Huntington Wildlife Forest, a 15,000 acre (6,000 ha) field station in Newcomb, NY in the geographic center of the six-million-acre Adirondack Park.

The AEC and amenities at the Newcomb Campus attract researchers from throughout the world, providing a base of operation for research on the natural and cultural systems of the Northern Forest. AEC conducts and facilitates the science that underpins the management of Adirondack Park, one of the world's foremost experiments in conservation and sustainability.

Over eighty years of research have been incorporated into over 30 ongoing monitoring efforts. The Adirondack Long-term Ecological Monitoring Program (ALTEMP) currently monitors over 100 physical, chemical, and biological attributes to provide the long-term perspective necessary to detect changes and identify trends in the Adirondack ecosystem. More than 70 ongoing basic and applied research programs investigate the restoration of wildlife, development of new forestry, impact of acidic deposition on soils and lakes, social organization of deer, movement of soil ions, silvicultural regimes, Adirondack Park biodiversity, and much more. Nearly 200 graduate degrees stem from studies conducted at this site to date.

American Chestnut Research and Restoration Center

The mission of the American Chestnut Research and Restoration Center is to conduct basic and applied research that will lead to the development of a blight-resistant American chestnut tree (Castanea dentata). Our goal is to reintroduce a population of these resistant trees back into forest ecosystems of New York and then the rest of the eastern United States.

The project has evolved from basic research into a multifaceted endeavor which includes such areas as the identification of plant pathogen resistance-enhancing genes, the development of American chestnut tissue culture, field testing chestnut trees from tissue culture, public participation through the identification of rare remnant survival chestnut trees, collection and exchange of viable nuts and the establishment of large restoration plantations throughout New York State.

Ongoing activities include basic research on various single and pyramided resistance-enhancing gene designs, identification of genes associated with Asian chestnut resistance, chestnut tissue culture and gene transfer into American chestnut trees, determination of the genetic diversity in surviving remnant chestnut populations, greenhouse and field testing of putative resistant transgenic trees, the collection of rare chestnut germplasm, and the establishment of germplasm archives throughout New York.

The concepts, techniques, and gene cassettes we are developing for American chestnut will also have broad applicability in managing diseases affecting the productivity of other important tree species such as Dutch-elm disease and elm yellows (which devastated another American heritage tree, the American elm, Ulmus americana) and Septoria leaf spot and canker disease of hybrid poplar (which is becoming a key biomass tree species).

Analytical and Technical Services

Analytical and Technical Services (A&TS) was established at the College in the early 1970s. Its mission is to provide specialized, customer-focused, value-added support services contributing to the ESF missions of instruction, research and public service. Areas of support include instrumental analytical methods, scientific equipment and instrument repair/design/fabrication, and chemical/laboratory apparatus stockroom services. A&TS also maintains the flexibility to develop new services in response to evolving campus needs.

The A&TS team is a technologically diverse collection of skilled professionals who provide an array of centralized analytical and support services for the benefit of ESF and its research partners. A&TS has developed an extensive portfolio of chemical analysis methods and capabilities in computer and instrument repair, electronic design and chemical stockroom services to complement the academic activities of the ESF community. Provided services include nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometry, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GS/MS), liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS), instrument and equipment repair and fabrication, inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), chemical and laboratory apparatus stockroom,and polymer rheology and mechanical properties.

Although the cost of our services is very modest, direct expenses such as replacement parts or specific materials for an individual project are recovered via monthly charges to our customers. Analytical instruments are available on an hourly charge basis or, in some cases, at a defined cost per sample. Items charged out of the Chemical and Apparatus Stockroom are billed monthly to customer-provided NYS or RF account numbers.

In addition to serving its ESF customer base, the strategic objectives of A&TS also include an entrepreneurial mission to enhance interaction with external customers including regional academic institutions (SU, UMU, SUNY campuses at Oswego, Cortland, and Binghamton, Cornell, Hamilton, MIT, Clarkson), governmental agencies and local industries (Bristol-Myers Squibb, Albany Molecular). In this fashion, A&TS positively contributes to the economic development of the CNY region.

Center for Cultural Landscape Preservation

The Center for Cultural Landscape Preservation was formed to coordinate, expand, and disseminate the work that the SUNY ESF Department of Landscape Architecture has undertaken in cultural landscape preservation over the past two decades, including historical research, landscape inventory and evaluation, and design strategies for landscape treatment. This work has been accomplished through partnerships with faculty from landscape-related disciplines at ESF and with public agencies and non-profit organizations, notably the National Park Service's Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation and the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation.

The Center provides students with a variety of opportunities to explore the field of cultural landscape preservation, gain practical experience, and fulfill academic requirements. Through the Center's partnerships, many students have received financial support in the form of tuition waivers and stipends. Related coursework in historic preservation and natural resources is available at Syracuse University and in other departments within ESF. Opportunities include cultural landscape seminars and studios, summer field schools at national parks, independent research, and preparation of reports that document a landscape's history and plan its future management. Several projects have involved interdisciplinary work to address relationships between natural and cultural resource management. While these opportunities focus on cultural landscape preservation, they also provide training relevant to other fields of landscape architectural practice.

Center for Native Peoples and the Environment

Our region is the home of two great intellectual traditions regarding stewardship of the earth: traditional ecological knowledge of indigenous people and scientific ecological knowledge. The mission of the SUNY-ESF Center for Native Peoples and the Environment is to create programs that draw on the wisdom of both indigenous and scientific knowledge in support of our shared goals of environmental sustainability.

Center for Community Design Research

The Center for Community Design Research (CCDR) is an outreach program within ESF Department of Landscape Architecture. Working in partnership with communities, elected officials, agencies, not-for-profit organizations, and other academic programs, the CCDR provides technical assistance, educational programs, and research projects that build community capacity to manage sustainable futures.

The CCDR activities provide educational and research opportunities for community residents, students, faculty, and staff, and promote the design and planning professions through community education, modeling new ways of working, and disseminating research findings.

Center for the Urban Environment

The Center for the Urban Environment (CUE) promotes urban sustainability by advancing urban environmental science and its applications in teaching, design, planning, management, and outreach/community engagement. Our aim is transdisciplinary urban environmental problem solving. We acknowledge that the "real problems of society do not come in discipline-shaped blocks" (Roy, 1979, 165), and we take advantage of the interactions made possible by our small campus to collaborate and tackle complex urban environmental challenges.

We seek to connect campus researchers and students to the people who are working in urban communities to create positive change, such as: protecting ecologically sensitive areas, restoring health to degraded ecosystems, educating urban residents about the environment, developing and maintaining infrastructure, responding to climate change, and creating beautiful, restorative places for urban residents to enjoy. Our student-centered focus means that we prioritize opportunities for student research, experiential learning and other innovative educational experiences, and interactions with alumni and other urban professionals.

Council on Biotechnology in Forestry

Forest biotechnology is a growing field of study that has many potential benefits for humankind and our environment.

In addition to the traditional uses of wood products, cellulose from trees is being used as a feedstock to the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, currently supplementing, but in the future possibly replacing fossil fuels. Biomass from trees will be increasingly utilized as a renewable energy source, as well as a carbon sink to help control global warming. Because many species of forest trees have extensive and perennial root systems, and transpire large amounts of water, they are excellent for use in phytoremediation (i.e. the cleanup of polluted soils). Lastly, trees are keystone species in many environments and are necessary for the maintenance of healthy forests and for restoration of damaged ecosystems. Research into their biology and into ways to use and enhance the unique qualities of tree species is essential to our future.

The mission of the council is to:

  • perform cutting edge research that will enhance our understanding of forest tree biology and lead to improved productivity and biodiversity of our forested ecosystems;
  • educate and train researchers at the undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral levels in the application of molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetic engineering techniques to the study of forest tree species and other organisms relevant to forest productivity, conservation, and ecology;
  • enhance collaboration and communication among SUNY-ESF faculty, staff, and students engaged in forest biotechnology research, other academic and agency researchers, and stakeholders;
  • promote the programs in forest biotechnology at SUNY-ESF across New York State, the nation, and internationally.

Council for Geospatial Modeling and Analysis

Instruction in geospatial modeling and analysis (GMA) seeks to produce informed, qualified, and professional scientists, managers, decision makers, problem solvers, and designers. A diverse collection of courses and experience provides flexible approaches to learning that ranges from broad knowledge to detailed expertise.

GMA uses an interdisciplinary, problem-solving approach that includes elements of mapping sciences, geography, mathematics, information management, and system analysis. Combined with ESF's world-renowned environmental expertise, GMA generates fundamental knowledge about the world and contributes to more comprehensive management of natural and cultural resources.

GMA research at ESF is developing new ways to collect and use geospatial data. Some of the benefits of using spatial information are the ability to visualize spatial relations, study temporal changes, freeze action in dynamic processes, study global, regional and local processes, and model problems in easily understandable ways. These benefits lead to better understanding and more effective management or decisions. The most common method for exploiting geospatial data uses a geographic information system (GIS). A GIS is an automated computer hardware and software system for collecting, storing, retrieving, manipulating, managing, analyzing, and displaying spatial data. GIS is a tool that has broad relevance to environmental science, management, and monitoring at many scales of analysis. The term geospatial modeling and analysis seeks to recognize this broader context and the integrating nature of spatial approaches.

Collecting, processing, and displaying spatial data has a long tradition at ESF through fieldwork, photointerpretation, photogrammetry, and remote sensing. Powered by an explosion of relatively easy-to-use geographic information systems, integration of spatial data is increasingly efficient and effective. With GIS and other technologies, more complex analysis can occur, increasing the applicability and accessibility of GMA. As a result, GMA is integrated into the Departments of Environmental Resources Engineering, Environmental and Forest Biology, Environmental Studies, Forest and Natural Resources Management, and Landscape Architecture.

Council on Hydrologic Systems Science

The Council on Hydrologic Systems Science conducts research and provides outreach on knowledge essential to the wise ecosystem use and sustained yield of appropriate quality water. The special focus of the Council is biogeohydrologic processes in natural forested systems, including relationships to water supply and waste-water treatment systems. This organized unit also deals with water dependent products of sustainable value in integrated water resource systems.

Having a strong interdisciplinary nature, this Council consists of faculty members from SUNY-ESF from the following academic units: Chemistry and Environmental Chemistry, Environmental and Forest Biology, Environmental Resources Engineering, Environmental Studies and Forest and Natural Resources Management. Through the Council, faculty members provide workshops, conferences, publications, consultation, and advising to municipalities, state and federal agencies, corporations, regional watershed advisory groups, technical committees, and professional organizations.

The Council and its members are committed to the development of programs related to water and watershed resources. The presence of the vast diversity of watersheds and instrumentation within the region provides a unique opportunity to understand and quantify the degradation and restoration of watershed resources and services.

ESF offers a variety of degree programs related to watershed resources and is continuously moving forward by adding new faculty and courses to watershed resources-related programs. ESF and its partner institutions have the capacity to further develop world-class faculty who offer interdisciplinary opportunities in the area of watershed resources.

Empire State Paper Research Institute

The Empire State Paper Research Institute (ESPRI) is a leading international research organization in the pulp and paper industry. Established at ESF in 1960, this renowned organization is supported jointly by SUNY-ESF and the Empire State Paper Research Associates, a consortium of leading pulp and paper companies throughout the world.

A model of industry and academic synergy, ESPRI investigates fundamental aspects of pulping, papermaking, and paper physics, including chlorine-free bleaching, properties of papermaking materials, paper structural characteristics, and printability.

Empire State Paper Research Associates Inc.

The Empire State Paper Research Associates Inc. is a non-profit corporation created to foster fundamental, precompetitive research for the benefit of its member companies and other constituents. The association provides funding for ESPRI and helps steer research projects and communications between the faculty, staff and students of ESPRI and ESPRA members. It is one of the very few associations with international membership and scope fostered toward application of academic research in the forest products industry.

ESPRA partners with SUNY-ESF to jointly fund the research activities of ESPRI within the Department of Paper and Bioprocess Engineering (PBE). ESPRI is located in Walters Hall, the home of the PBE faculty on the SUNY-ESF campus. This building houses a modern pilot plant including two paper machines (PM1 & PM2 48" and 12" trim widths), pressurized 12" disk refiner, batch digesters, well-equipped pulping, bleaching, papermaking and paper testing laboratories. An environmental engineering laboratory and a complete deinking pilot facility are also available.

ESPRI has a worldwide reputation for leading advances in pulping chemistry and lignins, bleaching including non-chlorine based bleach processes, water drainage and fines retention, physics of paper consolidation, moisture effects and diffusion, physics of paper materials, fiber mechanics, paper formation and surface properties. Recently, ESPRI has pioneered the concept of the biorefinery and development of new forest-based materials to provide value prior to pulping of wood.

Great Lakes Research Consortium

The Great Lakes Research Consortium is an organization of 18 colleges and universities in New York, with nine affiliate campuses in Ontario, dedicated to collaborative research and education on the Great Lakes. We have nearly 400 member faculty, who are conducting research in every facet of Great Lakes science.

The GLRC is governed by a series of bylaws (PDF) with the Board of Governors and Campus Representatives selected from each of the member campuses.

Our mission is to improve the understanding of the Great Lakes ecosystem, including the physical, biological, and chemical processes that shape it, as well as the social and political forces that affect human impact on the lakes and their associated economic resources. We accomplish this through research, instruction, and public service.

The Consortium's goals are to facilitate research and scholarship involving Great Lakes issues, the education of students on topics related to the Great Lakes ecosystem and the dissemination of information gathered through consortium-sponsored research and seminars. The GLRC administers cooperative grants programs, sponsors scholarly workshops and research task forces, coordinates fall and spring seminar series, maintains a database of New York Great Lakes scientific and scholarly work, and publishes a biannual newsletter, a research review and a bimonthly e-mail newsletter.

A student-faculty conference is held each year, providing a forum for students to display their research and affording the opportunity for scientists and scholars to come together to share their ideas and form new collaborations.

SUNY Center for Environmental Health & Medicine

The institute promise: Creating Economic Opportunity While Solving Global Issues

The Center for Environmental Health and Medicine leverages the robust facilities, faculty expertise, and platforms for research at SUNY Upstate Medical University and SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry on a local and global scale to address the greatest challenges to population health. The Center focuses on the connection between human health and the environment and aims to bring novel solutions to health care problems by igniting research and expanding college education opportunities. Building upon the partners’ expertise in medicine, environment and education, the Center offers a hub for translational research. Linking local and global surveillance and research efforts provides a unique opportunity for students, fellows and faculty.

The Center recently received a SUNY Empire Innovation Program Award to recruit a world-class team of scientists to lead this flagship research and training hub in New York State to national and international prominence.

Institute for Sustainable Materials and Manufacturing (ISMM)

The Institute for Sustainable Materials and Manufacturing (ISMM) will study, develop and transfer the latest technologies in sustainable materials and manufacturing. Initially, the ISMM will include two focal areas: (1) ultra-violet (UV) light, electron beam (EB), and x-ray technologies in sustainable product development and manufacturing; and (2) development of sustainable coatings, adhesives and composites (CA&C’s). These complementary areas will be under the ISMM and its advisory board. The goals of the ISMM and its focal areas are to facilitate and support: (1) research and development; (2) education at the national, regional and graduate and undergraduate levels through formal classes, outreach, training sessions and webinars; and (3) a pilot-plant approach that will allow end-users and manufacturers to confidentially test new formulations and equipment.

Michael M. Szwarc Polymer Research Institute

The Michael M. Szwarc Polymer Research Institute is a consortium of associate members drawn from several organizations and institutions. It was established to promote the advancement of polymer science through education and research, coordinate diversified activities of polymer scientists and engineers in the Central New York area, and develop strong cooperative programs with polymer-based industries nationwide. Among its activities are sponsorship of new educational and research ventures, encouragement of individual and cooperative research programs, participation in academic programs leading to the B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees, and promotion of continuing education and new developmental opportunities for scientists. The Institute will engage in all other activities necessary to maintain itself as a center of excellence in polymer science and engineering.

Polymers are the building blocks of living systems and the early research on cellulose chemistry sparked a substantial growth in research towards synthetic polymers. This, in turn, resulted in the development of many Aplastics@ and other polymeric materials and also stimulated research into the structure and properties of more complex biological macromolecules such as proteins, enzymes, and DNA. The direct outcome of the State University of New York initiative to provide a program in polymer research and education, is that many graduates of this program now have leading faculty positions in academic institutions in the United States and abroad or hold important managerial positions in polymer-related industries.

The ever-expanding application of polymer products in recent years lead to the fact that about 70% of all chemistry and chemical engineering graduates will be engaged in polymer research and development in their careers in one way or another. Therefore, the need for polymer scientists and technologists (as is demonstrated by the abundance of job opportunities and high salaries in this field). The economic advantages of polymer-based industries have prompted, in the 80's, many universities to establish polymer science programs. The State University of New York (SUNY) recognized the achievements of the polymer program at ESF and established, in 1966, the State University Polymer Research Center under the directorship of the famed Prof. Michael Szwarc. Under his leadership, the program flourished in the later 60's and early 70's. Scientists from around the world engaged in the center’s research activities, and the accomplishments of its staff have been documented in over 1500 scientific publications.

Presently, the Polymer Research Institute (PRI) is comprised of faculty members of SUNY-ESF, SUNY-Albany, Syracuse University, as well as members from industry. Members of the Chemistry Department at ESF administer the Institute, where an intensive curriculum of polymer science for undergraduate, as well as graduate students (M.S., Ph.D.) is provided. All the students in the polymer program participate actively in the research projects that are interwoven with the academic programs.

N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies

The N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies is the central microscopy facility at SUNY-ESF, located on the second floor of Baker Lab. The Center for Ultrastructure Studies provides students, faculty and research staff with access, assistance, and training in modern microscopy techniques. These techniques include light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, flydigital imaging, image analysis and a host of ancillary applications.

This facility was first established in 1957 with the installation of the first transmission electron microscope in central New York. The N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies was formally established in 1972 when anETEC scanning electron microscope was installed in Baker Laboratory. The Center has always maintained a position of leadership and excellence in the areas of wood structure and microscopy, both nationally and internationally.

Many departments and programs within the College and neighboring universities are represented among the faculty, staff and students who utilize the Center for research. During an average year, 30 faculty, 35 graduate students, and numerous undergraduate students utilize the resources of the Center for their research. Outreach activity is also an important service provided by the Center. These services include providing micrographs for educational purposes, assistance to other universities, tours and demonstrations to interested technology groups, and microscopy assistance to private industry. The types of private industries for which we provided microscopy services include forest product industries, pulp and paper manufacturers, wood preservation companies, consulting engineering firms, and large pharmaceutical companies.

Northern Forest Institute

The Northern Forest Institute for Conservation Education and Leadership Training (NFI) is a working partnership between SUNY-ESF, Open Space Institute, NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, NYS Adirondack Park Agency, Northern Forest Center, Adirondack Wild, Purdue University’s Department of Organizational Leadership and others.

Randolph G. Pack Environmental Institute

The Randolph G. Pack Environmental Institute was established at SUNY-ESF in November 1995, based on funding from a generous gift by Virginia Pack Townsend, in honor of her father, Randolph Greene Pack, philanthropist and international forestry policy expert. The Institute supports and encourages the research and public service activities of the Department of Environmental Studies in the broad area of international environmental, natural resources, and conservation policy. Since its founding, the Institute has engaged in a wide variety of activities, incorporating activities launched prior to its inauguration. A key feature has been the large number of faculty participating in activities of the Institute, including scholars from across ESF, Syracuse University, elsewhere in New York state, the USA, and internationally.


The purpose of the Randolph G. Pack Environmental Institute is to enhance the ability of the Department of Environmental Studies to create and disseminate knowledge about environmental concerns of high public interest. Reflecting and strengthening our graduate program themes, the Institute seeks to advance scholarly and popular knowledge of key contemporary issues related to environmental policy and regulation. It focuses on how democratic public decisions affecting the natural environment are made, concentrating on topics such as public participation, environmental equity, and sustainable development. The Institute promotes these interests through encouraging research and service activities in community, state, national, and international venues.

Renewable Materials Institute

The mission of the Renewable Materials Institute is to develop and promote the use of renewable materials, their associated technologies and process engineering. Core studies are on wood and wood-based materials conducted for a variety of sponsors on specific problems. Incorporated under the institute are the Salix Consortium and the Tropical Timber Information Center.

Roosevelt Wild Life Station

The Roosevelt Wild Life Station was established by an act of the New York State Legislature in 1919 to memorialize Theodore Roosevelt as a wildlife conservationist. The Roosevelt Wild Life Station provided some of the earliest investigations into the natural history of wildlife, such as beaver and their importance to ecosystems and society. Today the research program at the Roosevelt Wild Life Station focuses on the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada, an area that is undergoing one of the most rapid rates of climate change in North America, as well as strategic sites around the globe. Priorities are conservation of imperiled, keystone, and strongly valued species vulnerable to the impacts of rapidly changing landscapes and climate; and habitat management issues, such as maintaining effective habitat in private-land mosaics, protecting and expanding core habitat areas, and securing habitat connectivity.

SUNY Center for Applied Microbiology

The SUNY Center for Applied Microbiology was established July 1, 2004, through a generous donation by Dr. Chin Yang. The Center continues to function and provide funding for academic research in the broad arena of applied microbiology.

The funds are managed through the ESF College Foundation, Inc. and provide support for graduate students, faculty and modest equipment needs.

The Center now consists of these faculty members: Dr. Christopher Whipps (Director), Dr. Susan Anagnost (Associate Director),Dr. Chun Wang (Professor Emeritus), Dr. Christopher Nomura, Dr. Thomas Horton, and Dr. Hyatt Green.

Current Research

Current research is directed toward the revival and maintenance of fungal cultures, mostly basidiomycetes for the EPA-funded project under the direction of Drs. Anagnost, and Wang. Dr. Whipps continues to focus on microbial diseases of fish and Dr. Nomura has an active program on the metabolic and protein engineering ofbacteria producing biodegradable polymers as substitutes for polypropylene.  

TRINITY Institute

TRINITY is a institute governed by ESF, the Village of Minoa, SKD Environmental Systems LLC, and the SUNY-Research Foundation with a focus on basic and applied research across fields and disciplines.

The mission of TRINITY Institute is to develop, advance, adapt, implement and promote sustainable energy, water and wastewater treatment technologies and the processes for municipalities, agricultural and industrial applications with strong educational and public service components. All sustainable energy and water system research, development and demonstration activities, are carried out in TRINITY ESF Laboratories, site specific locations and at the Village of Minoa's Cleanwater Educational Research Facility.

Tropical Timber Information Center

The Tropical Timber Information Center (TTIC) provides identification of wood samples and information about general charac-teristics and technical properties of the world's timbers. These services are directed toward the needs of importers and users of tropical woods.

The center, which operates under the auspices of the Department of Construction Management and Wood Products Engineering, was established in 1975 in response to requests from industry for information on tropical woods. It is one of only two such sources of information in the western hemisphere. The center carries out special studies under contract. The technical base for operation of the TTIC is the Department's 35,000-specimen H.P. Brown Memorial Wood Collection of authenticated wood samples and extensive reference materials in its C.H. deZeeuw Memorial library. Both of these resources have been built up over the past 60 years by close cooperation with institutions throughout the world. Primary efforts at the center include responding to requests for services from users of tropical woods, expanding the collection and collecting inform-ation on properties and uses of the world's timbers.


The Upstate Freshwater Institute (UFI) and SUNY-ESF share a long and successful history of collaboration in studies of aquatic resources. This collaboration has included training of graduate students, co-authorship of scientific publications, service on the UFI Board of Directors by ESF scientists, adjunct appointments of UFI personnel at SUNY-ESF, and joint contributions as co-principal investigators on grants and contracts. The formation of a new ESF-wide institution, the UFI@ESF, will enable the scientists and staff of SUNY-ESF and UFI to work together even more efficiently to garner funding, laboratory and field resources from synergies between the two existing entities, and to reduce overlap in administrative tasks.

U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Cooperative Research Unit

The Northern Research Station of the USDA Forest Service maintains a research center at the college. Since 1978, the Cooperative Research Unit has been conducting research on urban forest effects on environmental quality. The center's efforts provide increased oppor-tunities for faculty and students to collaborate with Forest Service scientists in studies of urban vegetation and environmental problems.

Wood Utilization Service

The Wood Utilization Service is the oldest public service and demonstration effort of the College of Environmental Science and Forestry. It was established in 1913 to carry out activities which facilitate and encourage the most efficient processing, manufacture, marketing and use of wood, the premier renewable, sustainable, economical and environmentally beneficial construction, building, and manufacturing material.

Services provided include advising, answering questions, consulting, testing, demonstrations and use of ESF's unique wood processing and testing facilities. Typical clients include the general public, business and industry, and various government agencies and professional associations. Issues and products can range from the manufacture of high quality hardwood lumber, millwork, furniture and flooring, to baseball bats, utility poles, and pressure treated lumber. Several examples of recent services provided include assisting with wood shrinkage and moisture issues in furniture production, IPPC ISPM compliant international shipping, storage of kiln-dried lumber, wood identification, improving production processes and yields, preservative treatments and wood performance, wood deterioration, best kiln drying of maple, oak, pine and other species, and use of locally manufactured lumber.

College faculty and Wood Utilization Service staff are also active in professional associations including such as:

The Wood Utilization Service also organizes and sponsors an annual Kiln Drying Workshop: Drying Quality Lumber for Profit.