ANDRILL Anemone: Discovery on Ice Top 10 New Species of 2014Top 10 New Species of 2014
About the ANDRILL Anemone
Name: Edwardsiella andrillae
How it made the Top 10: A species of sea anemone, living under a glacier on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica, raises questions by its very existence. It is not clear how the species withstands the harsh conditions in its habitat. It is the first species of sea anemone reported to live in ice. It was discovered when the Antarctic Geological Drilling Program (ANDRILL) sent a remotely operated submersible vehicle into holes that had been drilled into the ice. This revealed the presence of small creatures, less than 2.5 centimeters long (one inch) with most of their pale yellow bodies burrowed into the ice shelf and their roughly two dozen tentacles dangling into the frigid water below.
Etymology: This species is named after the ANDRILL program that resulted in the collection of the specimens.
Type material: Holotype and paratypes at American Museum of Natural History, New York
Type locality: Samples collected from two sites on the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica
Reference: Daly M, Rack F, Zook R. 2013. Edwardsiella andrillae, a new species of sea anemone from Antarctic ice. PLoS ONE 8: e83476.