Orange Penicillium: A New Fungus Among Us Top 10 New Species of 2014Top 10 New Species of 2014
About the Orange Penicillium
Name: Penicillium vanoranjei
How it made the Top 10: Distinguished by the bright orange color it displays when produced in colonies, this fungus was named as a tribute to the Dutch royal family, specifically His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange. It was reported in a journal published by the National Herbarium of the Netherlands. The newcomer was isolated from soil in Tunisia. This species also produces a sheet-like extra-cellular matrix that may function as protection from drought.
Etymology: Latin, vanoranjei: named in reference to the orange-colored (in Dutch, "orange" is "oranje") colonies produced by this species, after Willem-Alexander Claus George Ferdinand, "Zijne Koninklijke Hoogheid de Prins van Oranje" (translated from Dutch as "His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange") and the new king of the Netherlands upon the retirement of Queen Beatrix April 30, 2013.
Type material: Applied and Industrial Mycology Department, CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, the Netherlands
Type locality: Tabarka, Tunisia
Reference: Visagie CM, Houbraken J, Rodriques C, Pereira S, Dijksterhuis J, Seifert KA, Jacobs K, Samson RA, Five new Penicillium species in section Sclerotiora: a tribute to the Dutch Royal family. Persoonia 31: 42–62.