Richard Smardon

Richard C. Smardon
Distinguished Service Professor

211B Marshall Hall
1 Forestry Dr.
Syracuse, New York 13210

Phone: (315) 470-6576



  • Ph.D., Environmental Planning, University of California at Berkeley, 1982
  • M.L.A., Landscape Architecture, University of Massachusetts, 1973
  • B.S., Environmental Design, cum laude, University of Massachusetts, 1970

Research Interests

  • Wetland assessment and management
  • Landscape management policy
  • Public participation and decision-making
  • Sustainable development, eco-tourism, biosphere reserve management
  • Energy sustainability planning and implementation
  • Visual impact assessment

Selected Publications

Johnson, L. L. and R.C. Smardon. 2011. Case study of a restored wetland-treatment best management practice. Wetlands; Journal of the Society of Wetlands Scientists 31:921-931.

Park, Seoyhun and R.C. Smardon. 2011. Worldview and social amplification of risk framework; dioxin risk case in Korea. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences 6(2): 173-191.

Smardon, R.C. 2011. Developing a national framework for internal/external review of undergraduate environmental studies/environmental science programs, Interdisciplinary Environmental Review 12(3): 244-257.

Baptiste, A. and R.C. Smardon. 2012. A review of the wetland use and management of the Nariva Swamp, Trinidad. Caribbean Geography 17(1&2): 57-72.

Barnhill K. and R.C. Smardon. 2012.  Gaining Ground: Green infrastructure attitudes and Perceptions from stakeholders in Syracuse, New York. Environmental Practice 14(1): 6-16 (Special issue on Green Infrastructure).

Masquita, M and R.C. Smardon. 2012. The potential of a small-scale agro-industry as a sustainable livelihood strategy in a Caribbean archipelago province of Columbia, Journal of Sustainable Development 5(3): 16-32.

Moghariya, D. and R. Smardon. 2012. Rural perspectives of climate change; A study from Saurastra and Kutch of Western India, Public Understanding of Science at DOI: 10.1177/0963662512465698.

Pasi, N. and R.C. Smardon. 2012. Inter-Linking of Rivers: A solution for water crisis in India or a decision in doubt? The Journal of Science Policy and Governance 2 (1): 1-41.

Wu, Guihan and R.C. Smardon. 2012. "Using Alkalinity as a Tracer to Estimate the Ratios of Sewage in Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs)", Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering 1(2012): 727-731.

Darkwa, S., and R.C. Smardon. 2010. "Ecosystem restoration; evaluating local knowledge and management systems in Fosu Lagoon, Ghana," Environmental Practice 12(3):202-213.

Smardon, R.C. 2009. "Urban Recreation Park Sustainability in an Asian Context," International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences 4(2):193-202.

Park, S., and R.C. Smardon. 2009. "Intergenerational Differences in Values and Dioxin Risk Perceptions in South Korea," The Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal 20(5): 522-537.

Smardon, R.C. 2009. Sustaining the World's Wetlands: Setting Policy and Resolving Conflicts. NY: Springer-Verlag.

Menezes, A., R.C. Smardon, and T. de Almeida. 2009. "The Changing Dynamics of Local Institutions in Fishing Communities in Mozambique: Responses to Policy, Public Participation, and Decisionmaking," Environmental Practice 11(1):32-51.

Smardon, R.C. 2008. "A Comparison of Local Agenda 21 Implementation in North American, European and Indian cities," Management of Environmental Quality 19(1):118-137.

Smardon, R.C., and B.B. Faust, eds. 2006. Special issue, "International Policy in the Biosphere Reserves in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula," Landscape and Urban Planning 74.

Smardon, R.C., and B.B. Faust. 2006. "Introduction: International Policy in the Biosphere Reserves in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula," Landscape and Urban Planning 74:160-192.

Smardon, R.C. 2006. "Heritage values and functions of wetlands in Southern Mexico," Landscape and Urban Planning 74:296-312.

Loftus, K.K., R.C. Smardon, and B.A. Potter. 2004. "Strategies for the Stewardship and Conservation of Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands," Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 7(2):305-330.Cover of Science and PolicyCover of Science and Policy

Smardon, R.C. 2003. "The Role of Nongovernment Organizations for Sustaining Wetland Heritage Values." Pp. 795-815 in Regards Croisés sur le Patrimoine à l’aube du XXIe Siècle [Varied Perspectives on Heritage at the Beginning of the 21st Century], ed. M. Gravari-Barbas. Presses Universitaires de la Sorbonne, Paris.

Faust, B.B., and R.C. Smardon, eds. 2001. Special issue, "Environmental Knowledge, Rights, and Ethics: Co-managing with Communities," Environmental Science & Policy 4 (4/5).

Nordenstam, B.J., and R.C. Smardon, eds. 1998. Special issue, "Adirondacks and Beyond: Understanding Air Quality and Ecosystem Relationships," Environmental Science & Policy 1(3).


  • EST 426, Community Planning and Sustainability
  • EST 427/ 627, Environmental and Energy Auditing
  • EST 625, Wetland Management Policy (Fall, odd years)
  • EST 635, Public Participation and Decision-Making (Spring)
  • EST 797, Environmental Studies Seminar (Spring)

Current Graduate Advisees

Current Graduate Advisees

Lina Camargo SalcedoLina Camargo Salcedo

  • Degree Sought: MS in Environmental Studies
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Smardon

Mamadou DjermaMamadou Djerma

  • Degree Sought: MS
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Smardon and Briggs
  • Area of Study: Water & Wetland Resource Studies

Kaira FuentesKaira Fuentes

  • Degree Sought: PHD
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Sonnenfeld and Smardon
  • Area of Study: Environmental and Community Land Planning
  • Undergraduate Institute: University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras* (Environmental Science)
  • Previous Graduate Study: University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras (Environmental and Social Planning)

Doctoral Research Topic
Comparative Perspectives on Implementation of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands in the Caribbean Region

Imran KhalidImran Khalid

  • Degree Sought: PHD
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Moran and Smardon
  • Area of Study: Environmental and Natural Resources Policy
  • Undergraduate Institute: Virginia Polytechnic Institute (Environ Science)
  • Previous Graduate Study: SUNY-ESF (Env Pol )

Imran Khalid is a doctoral student in Environmental and Natural Resources Policy.   He is researching wastewater management issues, especially in small and low-income communities.  He holds a bachelor’s degree from Virginia Tech, and master’s degrees (two), from the National University in Karachi, Pakistan, and also from SUNY – ESF.

Kevin KimballKevin Kimball

  • Degree Sought: MS
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Tao and Smardon
  • Area of Study: Water & Wetland Resource Studies
  • Undergraduate Institute: SUNY College Plattsburgh (Environmental Science)

Graduate Research Topic
Sustainable waste water management.

Frances KnickmeyerFrances Knickmeyer

  • Degree Sought: MS
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Smardon
  • Area of Study: Water & Wetland Resource Studies

Greg SelkeGreg Selke

  • Degree Sought: MPS
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Smardon
  • Area of Study: Environmental Policy and Democratic Processes

Graduate Student Advising

Since I have been at SUNY-ESF (1979), I have advised approximately 70 graduate students and about 45 have been partially funded. I have sponsored eight visiting scholars - three from the Polytechnic City University of Madrid; one from the Polytechnic in Greece; one from Mumbai, India; and three from CINVESTAV, Merida, Mexico, through the Randolph G. Pack Environmental Institute.

Professional Associations

  • National Association of Environmental Professionals, Education Research and Science Working Group, Chair (2007-)
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • New York Academy of Sciences

Public and Community Service

  • New York State Great Lakes Basin Advisory Council, Chair (appointed)
  • Onondaga County Resource and Recovery Agency, Governing Board (appointed)
  • Central New York Land Trust, Board of Directors

State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry
1 Forestry Drive | Syracuse, NY 13210 | 315-470-6500
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