Richard Smardon

Richard C. Smardon
Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus

211B Marshall Hall
1 Forestry Dr.
Syracuse, New York 13210

Phone: (315) 470-6576



  • Ph.D., Environmental Planning, University of California at Berkeley, 1982
  • M.L.A., Landscape Architecture, University of Massachusetts, 1973
  • B.S., Environmental Design, cum laude, University of Massachusetts, 1970

Research Interests

  • Wetland assessment and management
  • Landscape management policy
  • Public participation and decision-making
  • Sustainable development, eco-tourism, biosphere reserve management
  • Energy sustainability planning and implementation
  • Visual impact assessment

Selected Publications

Baptiste, A., C. Foley and R. Smardon. 2015. Green Infrastructure urban neighborhood differences in willingness to implement green infrastructure measures: a case study of Syracuse, NY. Landscape and Urban Planning 136: 1-12, DOI 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.11.012.

Barresi, P.; W. Focht, M. Reiter, R.C. Smardon, M. Humphreys, S. Holms and K. Reiter. 2014 –Revealing complexity in educating for sustainability: An update on the work of the Roundtable on Environment and Sustainability. In W.L. Filho (ed.), Integrating Sustainability Thinking in Science and Engineering Curricula, World Sustainability Series, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-09474-8_35.

Owusuh-Ansuh, F. and R.C. Smardon. 2015. Mining and agriculture in Ghana; a contested terrain. International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development 14(4): 371- 397.

Tao, W.; J.S. Bays, D. Meyer, R.C. Smardon and Z.F. Levy. 2014. Constructed wetlands for treatment of combined sewer overflow in the US: A review of design challenges and application status. Water 6:3362-3385, DOI 10:3390/w6113362.

Levy, Z.; R.C. Smardon, J. S. Bays, and D. Meyer. 2014. A point source of a different color: Identifying a gap in United States regulatory policy for “green” CSO treatment using constructed wetlands. Sustainability 2014 6: 2392-2412.

Ma, B.; G. Song, R.C. Smardon, and J. Chen. 2014. Diffusion of solar water heaters in regional China; Economic feasibility and policy effectiveness evaluation. Energy Policy  (2014),

Ramsden C.; R. C. Smardon, and G. Michel. 2014. Municipal collaboration for carbon footprinting: Syracuse, New York case study. Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal, 5(2): 224-254.

Smardon, R.C. 2014. Book Review; Wetland Ecology Principles and Conservation, Second Edition. Water 2014 6:813-817.

Barresi, P.; W. Focht, M. Reiter, R.C. Smardon, M. Humphreys, S. Holms and K. Reiter. 2014 –Revealing complexity in educating for sustainability: An update on the work of the Roundtable on Environment and Sustainability. In W.L. Filho (ed.), World Symposium on Sustainable Development at Universities, Manchester UK 3-5 September 2014.

Baptiste, A. and R.C. Smardon. 2012. A review of the wetland use and management of the Nariva Swamp, Trinidad. Caribbean Geography 17(1&2): 57-72.

Barnhill K. and R.C. Smardon. 2012.  Gaining Ground: Green infrastructure attitudes and Perceptions from stakeholders in Syracuse, New York. Environmental Practice 14(1): 6-16 (Special issue on Green Infrastructure).

Masquita, M and R.C. Smardon. 2012. The potential of a small-scale agro-industry as a sustainable livelihood strategy in a Caribbean archipelago province of Columbia, Journal of Sustainable Development 5(3): 16-32.

Moghariya, D. and R. Smardon. 2012. Rural perspectives of climate change; A study from Saurastra and Kutch of Western India, Public Understanding of Science at DOI: 10.1177/0963662512465698.

Pasi, N. and R.C. Smardon. 2012. Inter-Linking of Rivers: A solution for water crisis in India or a decision in doubt? The Journal of Science Policy and Governance 2 (1): 1-41.

Wu, Guihan and R.C. Smardon. 2012. "Using Alkalinity as a Tracer to Estimate the Ratios of Sewage in Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs)", Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering 1(2012): 727-731.

Johnson, L. L. and R.C. Smardon. 2011. Case study of a restored wetland-treatment best management practice. Wetlands; Journal of the Society of Wetlands Scientists 31:921-931.

Park, Seoyhun and R.C. Smardon. 2011. Worldview and social amplification of risk framework; dioxin risk case in Korea. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences 6(2): 173-191.

Smardon, R.C. 2011. Developing a national framework for internal/external review of undergraduate environmental studies/environmental science programs, Interdisciplinary Environmental Review 12(3): 244-257.Darkwa, S., and R.C. Smardon. 2010. "Ecosystem restoration; evaluating local knowledge and management systems in Fosu Lagoon, Ghana," Environmental Practice 12(3):202-213.

Smardon, R.C. 2009. "Urban Recreation Park Sustainability in an Asian Context," International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences 4(2):193-202.

Park, S., and R.C. Smardon. 2009. "Intergenerational Differences in Values and Dioxin Risk Perceptions in South Korea," The Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal 20(5): 522-537.

Smardon, R.C. 2009. Sustaining the World's Wetlands: Setting Policy and Resolving Conflicts. NY: Springer-Verlag.

Menezes, A., R.C. Smardon, and T. de Almeida. 2009. "The Changing Dynamics of Local Institutions in Fishing Communities in Mozambique: Responses to Policy, Public Participation, and Decisionmaking," Environmental Practice 11(1):32-51.

Smardon, R.C. 2008. "A Comparison of Local Agenda 21 Implementation in North American, European and Indian cities," Management of Environmental Quality 19(1):118-137.

Smardon, R.C., and B.B. Faust, eds. 2006. Special issue, "International Policy in the Biosphere Reserves in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula," Landscape and Urban Planning 74.

Smardon, R.C., and B.B. Faust. 2006. "Introduction: International Policy in the Biosphere Reserves in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula," Landscape and Urban Planning 74:160-192.

Smardon, R.C. 2006. "Heritage values and functions of wetlands in Southern Mexico," Landscape and Urban Planning 74:296-312.

Loftus, K.K., R.C. Smardon, and B.A. Potter. 2004. "Strategies for the Stewardship and Conservation of Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands," Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 7(2):305-330.Cover of Science and PolicyCover of Science and Policy

Smardon, R.C. 2003. "The Role of Nongovernment Organizations for Sustaining Wetland Heritage Values." Pp. 795-815 in Regards Croisés sur le Patrimoine à l’aube du XXIe Siècle [Varied Perspectives on Heritage at the Beginning of the 21st Century], ed. M. Gravari-Barbas. Presses Universitaires de la Sorbonne, Paris.

Faust, B.B., and R.C. Smardon, eds. 2001. Special issue, "Environmental Knowledge, Rights, and Ethics: Co-managing with Communities," Environmental Science & Policy 4 (4/5).

Nordenstam, B.J., and R.C. Smardon, eds. 1998. Special issue, "Adirondacks and Beyond: Understanding Air Quality and Ecosystem Relationships," Environmental Science & Policy 1(3).


  • EST 426, Community Planning and Sustainability
  • EST 427/ 627, Environmental and Energy Auditing
  • EST 625, Wetland Management Policy (Fall, odd years)
  • EST 635, Public Participation and Decision-Making (Spring)
  • EST 797, Environmental Studies Seminar (Spring)

Current Graduate Advisees

Current Graduate Advisees

Taye BirhanTaye Birhan

  • Degree Sought: PHD
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Newman and Smardon
  • Area of Study: Environmental and Natural Resources Policy

Kaira FuentesKaira Fuentes

  • Degree Sought: PHD
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Sonnenfeld and Smardon
  • Area of Study: Environmental and Community Land Planning
  • Undergraduate Institute: University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras* (Environmental Science)
  • Previous Graduate Study: University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras (Environmental and Social Planning)

Doctoral Research Topic
Effectiveness of the Ramsar Convention in Sustaining Mangrove Ecosystems in the Caribbean Region

Areas of Interest
Coastal ecosystem services; International environmental policy and agreements; Environmental planning; the Caribbean region

Graduate Student Advising

Since I have been at SUNY-ESF (1979), I have advised approximately 125 graduate students and about 75 have been partially funded. I have sponsored nine visiting scholars - three from the Polytechnic City University of Madrid; one from the Polytechnic in Greece; one from Mumbai, India; and three from CINVESTAV, Merida, Mexico, and one from China all through the Randolph G. Pack Environmental Institute.

Professional Associations

  • National Association of Environmental Professionals, Education Research and Science Working Group, Chair (2007- 2012)
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Certfied Environmental Professional (national)
  • Society of Wetland Scientists
  • New York State Wetland Forum (founding member)

Public and Community Service

  • New York State Great Lakes Basin Advisory Council, Chair (appointed)
  • Central New York Land Trust, President and Board of Directors


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