You should also consult your U.S. embassy or consulate to see if there are any additional country-specific visa application requirements.
It is important to apply for your student visa as far in advance as possible. The earliest you can apply for an F-1 visa is 120 days prior to the start of your program; there is no limit on how early a J-1 student can apply for a visa.
Due to heightened concern for national security, international faculty, scholars, and students seeking U.S. visas:
often encounter lengthy delays due to the imposition of additional security clearances (Visa Mantis Check) related to the Technology Alert List (TAL). If you feel that you fit into any of the above-noted categories, please also bring the documentation noted online.
At the visa interview, the consular officer will determine whether or not a potential student meets the eligibility requirements for the visa. The F-1 and J-1 visas are non-immigrant visas. Thus, one is assumed to have non-immigrant intent. Accordingly, F-1 and J-1 visa applicants must establish to the satisfaction of the consular officer that they have binding ties to a residence in a foreign country which they have no intention of abandoning, and that they will depart the United States when they have completed their studies.
Binding times may include: a job, family, financial prospects that you own or will inherit, investments, etc. It is impossible to specify the exact form the evidence should take since applicants' circumstances vary greatly.
Visa applicants must also provide evidence of funds to cover expenses related to the program of study in the U.S. as indicated on the I-20 or DS-2019.
Please review the helpful nonimmigrant visa interview tips provided by NAFSA: Association of International Educators.
For certain countries, the U.S. Consulate will take from 20-30 days before issuing a visa. You should account for this this delay in your travel plans.
When you receive your U.S. nonimmigrant visa at the Embassy or Consulate in your country, the consular officer will seal your immigration documents in an envelope and attach it to your passport. You should not open this envelope! The Customs and Border Protection Officer at the U.S. Port of Entry will open the envelope.
Overcoming a Visa Denial
While a visa denial is discouraging, it is possible to overcome it if you understand why the visa was denied. Access additional visa denial information online.=