"Historic" Environmental Route Studies

    The history of the U.S. is interlaced with the history of linear infrastructure. From early turnpikes and canals, through the railroad era, to electric transmission and gas pipelines,  the development of these facilities have mirrored the economy, science, technology, politics and values of the larger society.  During the central decade of Interstate Highway construction, roughly from the mid-1960's to mid-1970's, traditional engineering/economic processes of route selection and development  rapidly metamorphisized in the crucible of environmental and racial political activism and the emergence of computer assisted data aquisition and analysis, transportation systems modeling, and design. The following reports are a sampler of the rich multi-disciplinary thinking that was focused on this topical arena.

Belcher, D. (1953?). "The Five Facets of Aerial Photography". Photogrametric Engineering v.? pp. 746-52 .
      
The Five Facets of Aerial Photography

Roberts, P. (1956?). "Using New Methods in Highway Location.
". Photogrametric Engineering. v.? 563-569.
      Using New Methods

Roberts, P. and J. Suhrbier (1962). Highway Location Analysis- An Example Problem ( Mass. I-495). Cambridge: MIT Civil Engineering, Report No. 5.
       Highway Location Analysis     a 14.2 MB  tif-pdf file

Alexander, C. and M. Manheim (1962). "The Use of Diagrams in Highway Location- An Experiment   (Mass. I-91)". Cambridge: MIT Dept. of Civil Engineering, Pub. 161.
         Use of Diagrams   a 51.9 MB tif-pdf file     

Mostoller, M. and R. Plunz, et al. (1967). "A Design Decision Program for the Evaluation of the Location of Highway Route 202 in Bucks County Pa".
        Bucks Co. Pa.- Route 202     a  17 MB tif- pdf  file

 
Bureau of Outdoor Recreation, U.S.D.I. (1968). "The Selection of a Highway Route: Choices and Values" (Colo. I-70).
          Colo. I-70     a  21.1 MB tif-pdf  file

Federal Highway Administration (1968?). The Freeway in the City. Wash. D.C.: USGPO.
          Freeway in the City

McHarg, I. (1968  ). "A Comprehensive Route Location Process (N.J. I-95)", Wash. D.C.:National Academy of Sciences, Highway Research Board Highway Research Record, n. 246, 1-15.
          McHarg-HRB  a 9.6 MB tif- pdf file

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd (1968). The Least Social Cost Coridor for Richmond Parkway.
Philadelphia.
       Richmond Parkway   a 5.5 MB tif-pdf file
       note: a good historical overview of this project can be found at:          http://www.nycroads.com/roads/korean-war-vets/
                              
McHarg, Ian (1969). "A Step Forward", in Design With Nature. NY; Natural History Press, pp.30-41.
       McHarg-Design    a 2.4 MB tif-pdf file  (note: scans were made from 1971 paperback ed.)

Institute of Ecology, U. Ga. (1971). "Optimum Pathway Matrix Analysis Approach to Environmental Decision Making (Ga. I-75 Testcase) .
       Institute of Ecology  a   9.7 MB tif-pdf file

Miller, A. and B. Niemann, Jr. (1972). An Interstate Corridor Selection Process: The Application of Computer Technology to Highway Location Dynamics- Phase I (WI I-57). Madison: U. Wisc. Environmental Awareness Center).
       WI I-57 pp1-59    a 10 MB tif-pdf file
       WI  I-57 pp 60-155   a 7.4 MB tif-pdf file

Boston Transportaion Planning Review- Sothwest Corridor (1972).
    Sections copied focus on the "South Meadow" section of the corridor.
       BTPR Summary      a 11.4 mb tif-pdf file
       BTPR 1: Context     a 11.8 Mb tif-pdf file
       BTPR  2: Probs-Alts     a 7.8 Mb tif-pdf file
       BTPR  4: Package Evals   a 16.2 Mb tif-pdf file
For an excellent analysis of this transformative corridor decison approach see:
    Gackenheimer, R. (1976). Transportaion Planning as Response to Controversey: The Boston Case. Cambridge: MIT Press.