"Historic" Environmental Route
The history of the U.S. is interlaced with the
history of linear infrastructure. From early turnpikes and canals,
through the railroad era, to electric transmission and gas
pipelines, the development of these facilities have mirrored the
economy, science, technology, politics and values of the larger
society. During the central
decade of Interstate Highway construction,
roughly from the mid-1960's to mid-1970's, traditional
engineering/economic processes of route selection and development
rapidly metamorphisized in the crucible of environmental and racial
political activism and the emergence of computer assisted data
aquisition and analysis, transportation systems modeling, and design.
The following reports are a sampler of the rich multi-disciplinary
thinking that was focused on this topical arena.
(1953?). "The Five Facets of Aerial Photography". Photogrametric
Engineering v.? pp. 746-52 .
The Five Facets of
Roberts, P. (1956?). "Using New Methods in Highway Location.
". Photogrametric Engineering. v.? 563-569.
and J. Suhrbier (1962). Highway
Location Analysis- An Example Problem ( Mass. I-495). Cambridge:
MIT Civil Engineering, Report No. 5.
Highway Location Analysis
a 14.2 MB tif-pdf file
M. Manheim (1962). "The Use of Diagrams in Highway Location- An
Experiment (Mass. I-91)". Cambridge: MIT Dept. of Civil
Use of Diagrams a 51.9 MB tif-pdf file
M. and R. Plunz, et al. (1967). "A Design Decision Program for the
of the Location of Highway Route 202 in Bucks County Pa".
Bucks Co. Pa.- Route 202
a 17 MB tif-
Outdoor Recreation, U.S.D.I. (1968). "The Selection
of a Highway Route:
Choices and Values" (Colo. I-70).
Colo. I-70 a 21.1 MB tif-pdf file
Highway Administration (1968?). The
Freeway in the City. Wash. D.C.: USGPO.
Freeway in the City
). "A Comprehensive Route Location Process (N.J. I-95)", Wash.
D.C.:National Academy of Sciences, Highway Research Board Highway Research Record, n. 246,
a 9.6 MB tif- pdf file
McHarg, Roberts and Todd (1968). The
Least Social Cost Coridor for Richmond Parkway.
Parkway a 5.5 MB
a good historical overview of this project can be found at:
McHarg, Ian (1969). "A Step Forward", in Design With Nature. NY;
Natural History Press, pp.30-41.
2.4 MB tif-pdf file (note: scans were made from 1971
of Ecology, U. Ga. (1971). "Optimum Pathway Matrix Analysis Approach to
Environmental Decision Making (Ga. I-75 Testcase) .
Ecology a 9.7
MB tif-pdf file
Miller, A. and B. Niemann, Jr. (1972). An Interstate Corridor Selection Process:
The Application of Computer Technology to Highway Location Dynamics-
Phase I (WI I-57). Madison: U. Wisc. Environmental Awareness
10 MB tif-pdf file
I-57 pp 60-155 a
7.4 MB tif-pdf file
Boston Transportaion Planning
Review- Sothwest Corridor (1972).
Sections copied focus on the "South Meadow"
section of the corridor.
11.4 mb tif-pdf file
1: Context a
Mb tif-pdf file
BTPR 2: Probs-Alts
a 7.8 Mb tif-pdf file
BTPR 4: Package
Evals a 16.2 Mb
For an excellent analysis of this
transformative corridor decison approach see:
(1976). Transportaion Planning as
Response to Controversey: The Boston Case. Cambridge: MIT Press.