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Faculty Profile
Richard Smardon

Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus

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211B Marshall Hall


Current Publishing Activity

Associate Editor for the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences

Book editor for the Landscape Journal

Editorial Board for the Journals of Land   Water and Sustainability  published by MDPI

Editorial Board for Journal of Socio-Ecological Research


Special Issue editor for five LAND journal special issues:

Exploring Multisensory Landscapes: 2023 Visual Resource Stewardship Conference

Landscape Architecture Research and Design for Urban and Peri-Urban Environments

Selected Papers from the 2019 and 2023 Visual Resource Stewardship Conferences

Celebrating 25 Years of Worlds Wetlands Day also published as a book

Selected papers from the 6th Fabos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning also published as a book


  • Ph.D., Environmental Planning, University of California at Berkeley, 1982
  • M.L.A., Landscape Architecture, University of Massachusetts, 1973
  • B.S., Environmental Design, cum laude, University of Massachusetts, 1970

Research Interests

  • Wetland assessment and management
  • Landscape management policy
  • Public participation and decision-making
  • Sustainable development, eco-tourism, biosphere reserve management
  • Energy sustainability planning and implementation
  • landscape and Visual Impact Assessment

Selected Publications

Smardon, R.C. (ed.) 2022. Celebrating 25 Years of World Wetlands Day. MDPI Basil Switzerland

Smardon, R.C. (ed.) 2021. Selected Papers from the 6th Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning. MDPI Basil Switzerland.

Smardon R.C. 2021. Ecosystem service for scenic quality landscape management: A review. Land 10:1123

Hoffman R. and Smardon R. (eds.)2019. Visual Resource Stewardship Conference: Seeking 20/20 Vision for Landscape Futures 1[online]

Focht, W; M. A. Reiter, P.A. Barresi, and R. C. Smardon (eds). 2019. Education for Sustainable Human and Environmental Systems: From Theory to Practice. CRC/Routledge/Taylor and Francis London and New York, 268 pp. co-wrote or wrote 9 of 16 chapters

Gobster P. H. and Smardon R.C. (eds.) 2018. Visual Resource Stewardship conference proceedings: Landscape and Seascape Management in a Time of Change. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-183, Newton Square PA [online]

Smardon, R.C., S. Moran and A. K. Baptiste. 2018. Revitalizing Urban Waterways: Streams of Environmental Justice. Earthscan/Routledge/Taylor and Francis, London & New York. Wrote 7 of 11 chapters.

Apostol, D.; J. Palmer, M. Pasqualetti, R. Smardon & R. Sullivan (eds.). 2017. The Renewable Energy Landscape: Preserving Scenic values in Our Sustainable Future. Routledge/Taylor and Francis, London, and New York 286pp. Co-wrote 6 of 11 chapters.

Smardon, R.C. 2016. Visual impact assessment: Where have we come from and where are we going? Journal of Environmental Protection***.2016*****

Baptiste, A., C. Foley and R. Smardon. 2015. Green Infrastructure urban neighborhood differences in willingness to implement green infrastructure measures: a case study of Syracuse, NY. Landscape and Urban Planning 136: 1-12, DOI 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.11.012.

Barresi, P.; W. Focht, M. Reiter, R.C. Smardon, M. Humphreys, S. Holms and K. Reiter. 2014 –Revealing complexity in educating for sustainability: An update on the work of the Roundtable on Environment and Sustainability. In W.L. Filho (ed.), Integrating Sustainability Thinking in Science and Engineering Curricula, World Sustainability Series, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-09474-8_35.

Owusuh-Ansuh, F. and R.C. Smardon. 2015. Mining and agriculture in Ghana; a contested terrain. International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development 14(4): 371- 397.

Tao, W.; J.S. Bays, D. Meyer, R.C. Smardon and Z.F. Levy. 2014. Constructed wetlands for treatment of combined sewer overflow in the US: A review of design challenges and application status. Water 6:3362-3385, DOI 10:3390/w6113362.

Levy, Z.; R.C. Smardon, J. S. Bays, and D. Meyer. 2014. A point source of a different color: Identifying a gap in United States regulatory policy for “green” CSO treatment using constructed wetlands. Sustainability 2014 6: 2392-2412.

Ma, B.; G. Song, R.C. Smardon, and J. Chen. 2014. Diffusion of solar water heaters in regional China; Economic feasibility and policy effectiveness evaluation. Energy Policy  (2014),

Ramsden C.; R. C. Smardon, and G. Michel. 2014. Municipal collaboration for carbon footprinting: Syracuse, New York case study. Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal, 5(2): 224-254.

Smardon, R.C. 2014. Book Review; Wetland Ecology Principles and Conservation, Second Edition. Water 2014 6:813-817.

Barresi, P.; W. Focht, M. Reiter, R.C. Smardon, M. Humphreys, S. Holms and K. Reiter. 2014 –Revealing complexity in educating for sustainability: An update on the work of the Roundtable on Environment and Sustainability. In W.L. Filho (ed.), World Symposium on Sustainable Development at Universities, Manchester UK 3-5 September 2014.

Baptiste, A. and R.C. Smardon. 2012. A review of the wetland use and management of the Nariva Swamp, Trinidad. Caribbean Geography 17(1&2): 57-72.

Barnhill K. and R.C. Smardon. 2012.  Gaining Ground: Green infrastructure attitudes and Perceptions from stakeholders in Syracuse, New York. Environmental Practice 14(1): 6-16 (Special issue on Green Infrastructure).

Masquita, M and R.C. Smardon. 2012. The potential of a small-scale agro-industry as a sustainable livelihood strategy in a Caribbean archipelago province of Columbia, Journal of Sustainable Development 5(3): 16-32.

Moghariya, D. and R. Smardon. 2012. Rural perspectives of climate change; A study from Saurastra and Kutch of Western India, Public Understanding of Science at DOI: 10.1177/0963662512465698.

Pasi, N. and R.C. Smardon. 2012. Inter-Linking of Rivers: A solution for water crisis in India or a decision in doubt? The Journal of Science Policy and Governance 2 (1): 1-41.

Wu, Guihan and R.C. Smardon. 2012. "Using Alkalinity as a Tracer to Estimate the Ratios of Sewage in Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs)", Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering 1(2012): 727-731.

Johnson, L. L. and R.C. Smardon. 2011. Case study of a restored wetland-treatment best management practice. Wetlands; Journal of the Society of Wetlands Scientists 31:921-931.

Park, Seoyhun and R.C. Smardon. 2011. Worldview and social amplification of risk framework; dioxin risk case in Korea. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences 6(2): 173-191.

Smardon, R.C. 2011. Developing a national framework for internal/external review of undergraduate environmental studies/environmental science programs, Interdisciplinary Environmental Review 12(3): 244-257.Darkwa, S., and R.C. Smardon. 2010. "Ecosystem restoration; evaluating local knowledge and management systems in Fosu Lagoon, Ghana," Environmental Practice 12(3):202-213.

Smardon, R.C. 2009. "Urban Recreation Park Sustainability in an Asian Context," International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences 4(2):193-202.

Park, S., and R.C. Smardon. 2009. "Intergenerational Differences in Values and Dioxin Risk Perceptions in South Korea," The Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal 20(5): 522-537.

Smardon, R.C. 2009. Sustaining the World's Wetlands: Setting Policy and Resolving Conflicts. NY: Springer-Verlag.

Menezes, A., R.C. Smardon, and T. de Almeida. 2009. "The Changing Dynamics of Local Institutions in Fishing Communities in Mozambique: Responses to Policy, Public Participation, and Decisionmaking," Environmental Practice 11(1):32-51.

Smardon, R.C. 2008. "A Comparison of Local Agenda 21 Implementation in North American, European and Indian cities," Management of Environmental Quality 19(1):118-137.

Smardon, R.C., and B.B. Faust, eds. 2006. Special issue, "International Policy in the Biosphere Reserves in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula," Landscape and Urban Planning 74.

Smardon, R.C., and B.B. Faust. 2006. "Introduction: International Policy in the Biosphere Reserves in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula," Landscape and Urban Planning 74:160-192.

Smardon, R.C. 2006. "Heritage values and functions of wetlands in Southern Mexico," Landscape and Urban Planning 74:296-312.

Loftus, K.K., R.C. Smardon, and B.A. Potter. 2004. "Strategies for the Stewardship and Conservation of Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands," Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 7(2):305-330.

Smardon, R.C. 2003. "The Role of Nongovernment Organizations for Sustaining Wetland Heritage Values." Pp. 795-815 in Regards Croisés sur le Patrimoine à l’aube du XXIe Siècle [Varied Perspectives on Heritage at the Beginning of the 21st Century], ed. M. Gravari-Barbas. Presses Universitaires de la Sorbonne, Paris.

Faust, B.B., and R.C. Smardon, eds. 2001. Special issue, "Environmental Knowledge, Rights, and Ethics: Co-managing with Communities," Environmental Science & Policy 4 (4/5).

Nordenstam, B.J., and R.C. Smardon, eds. 1998. Special issue, "Adirondacks and Beyond: Understanding Air Quality and Ecosystem Relationships," Environmental Science & Policy 1(3).


  • no current courses but past courses include:
  • EST 426, Community Planning and Sustainability
  • EST 427/ 627, Environmental and Energy Auditing
  • EST 625, Wetland Management Policy (Fall, odd years)
  • EST 635, Public Participation and Decision-Making (Spring)
  • EST 797, Environmental Studies Seminar (Spring)

Graduate Student Advising

Since I have been at SUNY-ESF from 1980 to 2016 I advised approximately 128 graduate students and about 75 have been partially funded. I have sponsored nine visiting scholars - three from the Polytechnic City University of Madrid; one from the Polytechnic in Greece; one from Mumbai, India; and three from CINVESTAV, Merida, Mexico, and one from China all through the Randolph G. Pack Environmental Institute.

Professional Associations

  • National Association of Environmental Professionals, Education Research and Science Working Group, Chair (2007- 2012)
  • Certfied Environmental Professional (national)
  • Society of Wetland Scientists
  • New York State Wetland Forum (founding member)

Public and Community Service

  • New York State Great Lakes Basin Advisory Council, Chair (appointed)
  • Central New York Land Trust, President and Board of Directors