Driven by the challenges of sustainability, climate change, and rural development, ESF is actively working with numerous university, private, and public partners to research and develop shrub willow for renewable energy and environmental applications.
Willow systems can be multifunctional and produce sustainable energy along with other value-added benefits to ecosystems and communities.
Purchase fast-growing shrub willow cuttings Ramo
Fact Sheet Greenhouse Gas Balance of Willow Crops
Extension Bulletin Willow Environmental Services to Build the Bioeconomy
About Shrub Willow
Shrub willow is a short-rotation woody crop that rapidly produces large amounts of renewable biomass.
- Lifecycle assessments show that willow is a climate-neutral fuel that does not increase greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere.
- Willow can be grown on underutilized and marginal lands, stimulating rural development and job creation. Willow can also be grown on former industrial sites and provide bioremediation benefits.
- Willow plantings provide many ecosystem services such as minimizing soil erosion, minimizing the use of fertilizers and water pollution, and increasing wildlife habitat, biodiversity, and food sources for pollinators.
- Willow is also an ideal plant choice many other environmentally-friendly systems such as living snow fences, buffer strips, stream bank stabilization and other forms of ecological engineering.
One willow planting can be harvested seven or more times on a three-year cycle, with limited maintenance between harvests. ESF has teamed up with more than 20 universities, commercial partners, and non-profit organizations throughout the U.S. and Canada to conduct research and facilitate the commercialization of shrub willow systems. Willow bioenergy production and bioremediation systems are now planted on over 1250 acres of land in New York State, and other applications of willow are being deployed across the landscape. Click on the links above for more information!
Carbon footprint of biofuels production from forest biomass using hot water extraction and biochemical conversion in the Northeast United States
Continuous measurement of CO2, CH4 and H2O fluxes from restored marl fen and inland salt marsh communities overlaying chemical-byproduct settling basins
Variability in growth and cadmium accumulation capacity among willow hybrids and their parents: implications for yield-based selection of Cd-efficient cultivars
Life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of ethanol produced via fermentation of sugars derived from shrub willow (Salix ssp.) hot water extraction in the Northeast United States
Effects of greenhouse gas emissions timing on alternative biomass and fossil energy sources for district heating