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Faculty Profile
Stephen Teale

Stephen  Teale

Stephen Teale

Professor and Chair of Environmental Biology

151 or 242 Illick Hall



General research interests are forest entomology, chemical ecology, pheromones of forest insects, invasive species, conservation.

Recent Publications

Faal, H, PJ Silk , G  LeClairc, SA Teale. 2022. Biologically active cuticular compounds of female Sirex noctilio. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (in press)

Faal, H., Silk, P.J., Mayo, P.D. and Teale, S.A., 2021. Courtship behavior and identification of a sex pheromone in Ibalia leucospoides (Hymenoptera: Ibaliidae), a larval parasitoid of Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera: Siricidae). PeerJ, 9, p.e12266.

Faal, H., Cha, D.H., Hajek, A.E. and Teale, S.A., 2021. A double-edged sword: Amylostereum areolatum odors attract both Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) and its parasitoid, Ibalia leucospoides. Fungal Ecology, 54, p.101108.

Xu, T., Teale, S.A. 2021. Chemical Ecology of the Asian Longhorn Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennisJ Chem Ecol.

T Xu, L Hansen, SA Teale. 2020. Mating and adult feeding behaviour influence pheromone production in female Asian longhorn beetle Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Agricultural and Forest Entomology DOI: 10.1111/afe.12430

Xu, T., Hansen, L., Cha, D.H.,  Hao, D., Zhang, L., Teale, S.A. 2020. Identification of a female-produced pheromone in a destructive invasive species: Asian longhorn beetle, Anoplophora glabripennisJ Pest Sci 93, 1321–1332 (2020).

Chen R, T Xu, D Hao , SA Teale. 2019. Cuticular hydrocarbon recognition in the mating behavior of two Pissodes species. Insects 10(7): art. no. 217

T Xu, L Hansen, SA Teale. 2019. Female calling behaviour in the Asian longhorn beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Canadian Entomologist

Y Zou, L Hansen, T Xu, SA Teale, D Hao, JG Millar. 2019. Optimizing pheromone-based lures for the invasive red-necked longhorn beetle, Aromia bungii. Journal of Pest Science, 1-9

R Chen, X He, J Chen, T Gu, P Liu, T Xu, SA Teale, D Hao. 2018. Traumatic Resin Duct Development, Terpenoid Formation, and Related Synthase Gene Expression in Pinus massoniana Under Feeding Pressure of Monochamus alternatus Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 1-12

Xu T, H Yasui, SA Teale, N Fujiwara-Tsujii, JD Wickham, M Fukaya, L Hansen, S Kiriyama, D Hao, A Nakano, L-W Zhang, T Watanabe, M Tokoro, JG Millar. (2017.) Identification of a male-produced sex-aggregation pheromone for a highly invasive cerambycid beetle, Aromia bungii. Scientific reports

Cale, JA, MT Garrison-Johnston, SA Teale, JD Castello. 2017. Beech bark disease in North America: Over a century of research revisited. Forest Ecology and Management  394: 86-103.

Cha, DH, AE Mieles, PF Lahuatte, A Cahuana, MP Lincango, C Causton, S Tebbich, A Cimadom, SA Teale. 2016. Identification and optimization of microbial attractants for Philornis downsi, an invasive fly parasitic on Galapagos birds. J. Chem. Ecol. 42(11):1101-1111.

Cimadom, A, C Causton, DH Cha, D Damiens, B Fessl, R Hood-Novotny, P Lincango, AE Mieles, E Nemeth, E Semler, SA Teale, S Tebbich. 2016. Darwin's finches treat their feathers with a natural repellent. Scientific Reports. 6, Article number: 34559 doi:10.1038/srep34559

Skabeikis, D.D., S.A. Teale and M.K. Fierke. 2016. Diel rhythms in Monochamus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae): production of and response to a male-produced aggregation pheromone. Environmental Entomology.45 (4): 1017-1021

Skabeikis, D.D, M.K. Fierke and S.A. Teale. 2016.  Field response of Monochamus scutellatus and Monochamus notatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) to the male-produced pheromone, 2-(undecyloxy)-ethanol, and host volatiles. J. Economic Entomology 109 (3): 1220-1225.

Hansen, L., T. Xu, J. Wickham, Y. Chen, D. Hao, L.M. Hanks, J.G. Millar, S.A. Teale. 2015. Identification of a Male-Produced Pheromone Component of the Citrus Longhorned Beetle, Anoplophora chinensis. PLoS One. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134358

Cale, JA, SA Teale, MT Johnston, GL Boyer, KA Perri, JD Castello. 2015. New ecological and physiological dimensions of beech bark disease development in aftermath forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 336: 99-108.

Cale, J.A., Ashby, A.W., West, J.L., Teale, S.A., Johnston, M.T., Castello, J.D. 2015. Scale insects, decay, and canker fungi in American Beech. Forest Pathology. 45:71-75

Cale, J.A., S.A. Teale, J.L. West, L.I. Zhang, D.R. Castello, P. Devlin and J.D. Castello. 2014. A Quantitative Index of Forest Structural Sustainability. Forests 5(7), 1618-1634. doi:10.3390/f5071618

Pajares, JA, G Álvarez, DR Hall, P Douglas, F Centeno, N Ibarra, M Schroeder, SA Teale, Z Wang, S Yan, JG Millar, LM Hanks. 2013. 2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus sutor. Entomol Exp Appl. 149: 1570-7458.

Cale, JA, McNulty, SA, Teale, SA, Castello, JD. 2013. The impact of beech thickets on biodiversity. Biol. Invasions. 15: 699-706.

Fierke, MK, Skabeikis, DD, Millar, JD, Teale, SA, McElfresh, JS, Hanks, LM. 2012. Identification of a male-produced pheromone for Monochamus scutellatus scutellatus and Monochamus notatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 105: 2029-34

Brodie, BS, Wickham, JD, Teale SA. 2012. The relationship between maturation and contact pheromones for Monochamus Scutellatus, (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Can. Entomol. 144: 826–833

Wickham, JD,  Xu, Z, Teale, SA. 2012. Evidence for a female-produced, long range pheromone of Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Insect Science 19: 355–371.

Teale, S.A., J.D. Wickham, F. Zhang, J. Su, Y. Chen, W. Xiao, L.M. Hanks and J.G. Millar. 2011. A male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), a major vector of pine wood nematode. J. Econ. Entomol. 104(5):1592-1598.

Shumate, A.M., S.A. Teale, B.D. Ayres, M.P. Ayres. 2011. Disruptive Selection Maintains Variable Pheromone Blends in the Bark Beetle Ips pini. Environmental Entomology 40:1530-1540.

Castello, J.D.and  S.A. Teale (Eds.). 2011. Forest Health: An Integrated Perspective. Cambridge Univ. Press. 384 pp.

Teale, S. A. and J. D. Castello. 2011. The Past as Key to the Future: A New Perspective on Forest Health. Pp. 3-16 In Castello, J.D.and  S.A. Teale (Eds.). 2011. Forest Health: An Integrated Perspective. Cambridge Univ. Press. 384 pp.

Castello, J.D., S.A. Teale and J.A. Cale 2011. How do we do it, and what does it mean? Pp. 50-78. In Castello, J.D.and  S.A. Teale (Eds.). 2011. Forest Health: An Integrated Perspective. Cambridge Univ. Press. 384 pp.

Teale, S.A. and J.D. Cstello. 2011 Regulators and terminators: the importance of biotic factors to a healthy forest. Pp. 81-114. In Castello, J.D.and  S.A. Teale (Eds.). 2011. Forest Health: An Integrated Perspective. Cambridge Univ. Press. 384 pp.

Parry, D. and S.A. Teale. 2011. Alien invasions: the effects of introduced species on forest structure and function. Pp. 115-162. In Castello, J.D.and  S.A. Teale (Eds.). 2011. Forest Health: An Integrated Perspective. Cambridge Univ. Press. 384 pp.

Castello, J.D. and S.A. Teale. 2011. What did we learn, and where does it leave us?: Concludng thoughts. P.p. 344-355. In Castello, J.D.and  S.A. Teale (Eds.). 2011. Forest Health: An Integrated Perspective. Cambridge Univ. Press. 384 pp.

Cale, J., S. Letkowski, S.A. Teale, J. Castello. 2011. Beech bark disesae: An evaluation of the predisposition hypothesis in an aftermath forest. Forest Pathology doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0329.2011.00722.x



  • Entomology EFB 352 - Fall
  • Introduction to Chemical Ecology EFB 412/612 FCH 440
  • Insect Physiology EFB 570
  • Forest Health EFB 345 - Summer
  • Forest Entomology EFB 351
  • Peoples, Plagues, and Pests EFB 217

Current Graduate Advisees

Danielle DryerDanielle Dryer

  • Degree Sought: MS
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Teale
  • Area of Study: EFB Entomology

Grace VollmersGrace Vollmers

  • Degree Sought: PHD
  • Graduate Advisor(s): Teale
  • Area of Study: EFB Entomology