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Problem Solving

Problem-Solving in Conservation Biology and Wildlife Management:

Exercises for Class, Field, and Laboratory (2nd Edition)

Supporting materials (data sets, images, maps, and important websites)

Note: components of first edition website are still available: Guidance and resources document and the Java applets: These three – habitat loss and fragmentation, dispersal, and PVA - are still very useful!

To receive an electronic copy of the instructor’s manual please send a message to James Gibbs at indicating (1) your institution and position, (2) the course name and number, and (3) number of students in your  class. With this information we will arrange a web download or email transmission of the manual.


Part 1. Introduction

1. What Is Biodiversity? Spiders as Exemplars of the Biodiversity Concept

          Higher resolution images of spider collections to print and work with:

Site 1, Site 2, Site 3, Site 4, Site 5 (.tif) (right click to “save as…”)

Spider phylogram (.tif) (right click to “save as…”)

Erratum:  P. 8, 1st para, line 3, values of “2” should be superscripted, e.g., 1/((0.5)2+ (0.5)2) = 1/0.5 or 2

2. What Is Conservation Biology? An Analysis of the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund’s Strategies and Funding Priorities

Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund

3. Why Is Biodiversity Important? Why Is It Threatened? An Exploration with the IUCN “Red List” of Threatened Species

IUCN “Red List” of Threatened Species

Part 2. Genes

4. Population Genetics: Diversity Within Versus Among Populations

             [No additional resources required]

5. Genetic Drift: Establishing Population Management Targets to Limit Loss of Genetic Diversity

             [No additional resources required]

6. Pedigree Management: Controlling the Effects of Inbreeding as Indicated by Fluctuating Asymmetry

           Bat faces to print and work with: first set & second set (.tif) (right click to “save as…”)

7. Landscape Genetics: Identifying Movement Corridors in the Landscape

Higher resolution version of map used in exercise (.tif) to work with (right click to “save as…”)

Part 3. Populations

8. Life Table Analysis: Balancing Commercial Fisheries with Sea Bird “By-Catch”

Longevity data (.txt) (right click to “save as…”)

Fecundity data (.txt) (right click to “save as…”)

Erratum: Table 8.4 values are nx, not mx as printed
9. Population Viability Analysis: El Niño Frequency and Penguin Population Persistence

[No supporting materials required]

Erratum/clarification: Page 67: the average penguin population growth rate should be 1.188 or 18% (consistent with Fig. 9.3) not the 88% nor the 1.88 factor listed elsewhere.

Also: p 70: 2/3 way down right side, “C47” should be “C7”

10. Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: Ecological Traps, Connectivity and Issues of Scale

Maps with small-scale fragmentation to print and work with: set 1 & 2 (.tif) (right click to “save as…”)

Maps with large-scale fragmentation to print and work with: set 1 & 2 (.tif) (right click to “save as…”)

An important note from an astute book user on the weighting procedure

11. Diagnosing Declining Populations: Assessing Monitoring Data to Better Understand Causes of a Rarity in an Endangered Cactus

Monitoring data (.xls) (right click to “save as…”)

Ecological data (.xls) (right click to “save as…”)

12. Estimating Population Size with Line Transects and DISTANCE


Program DISTANCE input files (.zip) (right click to “save as…”)

13. Analyzing Camera Trap Data with PRESENCE

Latest version of Program PRESENCE (Version 2.2)

Version of Program PRESENCE used to develop exercise (Version 2.1)

Program PRESENCE input files (.zip) (right click to “save as…”)

Updated Procedure section revised for Exercise 13 to correspond to PRESENCE 2.1 (.pdf) (right click to “save as…”)  

14. Estimating Population Size with Mark-Recapture Data and MARK

Program MARK

Program MARK input files (.zip) (right click to “save as…”)

Part 4. Species

15. Estimating "Biodiversity": Indices, Effort and Inference

             Program ESTIMATES

             Program ESTIMATES input files (.zip) (right click to “save as…”)

16. Designing a Zoo: Ex-Situ Centers for Conservation, Research, and Education

Full list of species and supporting information (.xls) (right click to “save as…”)

17. Plant Reintroductions: Reestablishing Extirpated Populations

[No supporting materials required]

18. Edge Effects: Designing a Nest Predation Experiment

[No supporting materials required]

Part 5. Ecosystems and Landscapes

19. Ecosystem Fragmentation: Patterns and Consequences for Biodiversity

Base landscape map for scenario building (.tif) (right click to “save as…”)

20. Forest Harvesting: Balancing Timber Production and Parrot Habitat

[No supporting materials required]

21. Protected Areas: A Systematic Conservation Planning Approach for Ecoregions

                 puspec.txt (right click to “save as…”)

                 puinfo.txt (right click to “save as…”)

22. Island Biogeography: How Park Size and Condition Affect the Number of Species Protected

Bird and plant species list by protected area in the US (.xls file) (right click to “save as…”)

23. GIS For Conservation: Mapping and Analyzing Distributions of Wild Potato Species for Reserve Design

           DIVA-GIS program

           Datasets (.zip) (right click to “save as…”)

24. Global Change: Will a Cold-Adapted Frog Survive in a Warmer World?

            Map of the current range of mink frogs in NY state (.tif) (right click to “save as…”)

            Map of the temperature in July in NY state (.tif) (right click to “save as…”)

            Map of annual precipitation in NY state (.tif) (right click to “save as…”)


             WinRAR archiver

             Arc data set (right click to “save as…”) (note: modified Dec 1 2011 to accommodate Arc software updates).

             DIVA-GIS dataset (right click to “save as…”)

             Excel climate dataset (right click to “save as…”)

25. Climate Envelope Modeling: Inferring the Ranges of Species

             DIVA-GIS program

             Datasets (.zip) (right click to “save as…”)

Part 6. Policy and Organizations

26. Population, Consumption, Or Governance?: Which Drives Species Imperilment Most in Africa and Europe?

Bird species, population, consumption, and governance data set (.xls file) (right click to “save as…”)

28. Overconsumption: Who’s Smarter... Students or Their Professors?
             [No supporting materials required]

28. Conservation Values: Assessing Public Attitudes

             [No supporting materials required]

29. Priority Setting: Where Around the Globe Should We Invest Our Conservation Efforts?          

             CI hotspots and associated data (.xls file) (right click to “save as…”)

30. An International Debate: Commercial Fishing in Galápagos National Park



See also:






31. Conservation Law: Should the Polar Bear Be Listed as a Threatened Species?

Proposed Rule to List the Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) (.pdf file)

Range-Wide Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) Status Review (.pdf file)

32. Conservation Policy: Shaping Your Government

             [No supporting materials required]