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Papers Addressing Uncertainty in Soils

You can improve the QUEST Bibliography by adding papers using this Google Form. You will need to identify the sources of uncertainty and methods of quantifying them. If you find errors in our database, please notify us at

  • Click here for list of papers searchable by sources of uncertainty addressed and methods to quantify them.
  • Cambule, A.H., D.G. Rossiter, J.J. Stoorvogel, E.M.A. Smaling. 2014. Soil organic carbon stocks in the Limpopo National Park, Mozambique: Amount, spatial distribution and uncertainty. Geoderma 213: 46-56

  • Dalsgaard, L., R. Astrup, C. Anton-Fernandez, S. Kynding Borgen, J. Breidenbach, H. Lange, A. Lehtonen, and J. Liski. 2016. Modeling soil carbon dynamics in northern forests: Effects of spatial and temporal aggregation of climatic input data.

  • Del Grosso, S. J.S. M. OgleW. J. Parton, and F. J. Breidt (2010), Estimating uncertainty in N2O emissions from U.S. cropland soilsGlobal Biogeochem. Cycles24, GB1009, doi:10.1029/2009GB003544.

  • Fahey, T.J., R.D. Yanai, K.E. Gonzales, and J.A. Lombardi. 2017. Sampling and processing roots from rocky forest soils. Ecosphere.

  • Goidts, E., B. Van Wesemael, and M. Crucifix. 2009. Magnitude and sources of uncertainties in soil organic carbon (SOC) stock assessments at various scales. European Journal of Soil Science, 60: 723–739. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2009.01157.x

  • Johnson, J., J. Aherne, T. Cummins. 2015. Base cation budgets under residue removal in temperate maritime plantation forests. Forest Ecology and Management

  • Lehtonen, A. and J. Heikkinen. 2015. Uncertainty of upland soil carbon sink estimate for Finland. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.

  • Ogle, S. M., F.J. Breidt, M. Easter, S. Williams, K. Killian, K. and K. Paustian. 2010. Scale and uncertainty in modeled soil organic carbon stock changes for US croplands using a process-based model. Global Change Biology, 16: 810–822. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01951.x

  • Ogle, S.M., F.J. Breidt, M. Easter, S. Williams and K. Paustian. 2007. An empirically based uncertainty associated with modeling carbon sequestration in soils. Ecological Modelling 205:453-463. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.03.007

  • Ogle, S.M., F.J. Breidt, and K. Paustian. 2006. Bias and variance in model results associated with spatial scaling of measurements for parameterization in regional assessments. Global Change Biology 12:516-523. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01106.x

  • Ogle, S.M., M.D. Eve, F.J. Breidt, and K. Paustian. 2003. Uncertainty in estimating land use and management impacts on soil organic carbon storage for U.S. agroecosystems between 1982 and 1997. Global Change Biology 9:1521-1542. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00683.x

  • Ortiz, C.A., Liski, J., Gärdenäs, A.I., Lehtonen, A., Lundblad, M., Stendahl, J., Ågren, G. & Karltun, E. 2013. Soil organic carbon stock changes in Swedish forest soils - a comparison of uncertainties and their sources through a national inventory and two simulation models. Ecological Modelling 251: 221-231.  doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.12.017

  • Peltoniemi, M., T. Palosuo, S. Monni, R. Mäkipää. 2006. Factors affecting uncertainties of sinks and stocks of carbon in Finnish soils and vegetation. Forest Ecology and Management 232(1-3): 75-85.doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2006.05.045

  • Rahn, K.-H., C. Werner, R. Kiese, E. Haas, and K. Butterbach-Bahl, 2012 Parameter-induced uncertainty quantification of soil N20, NO and CO2 emission from Höglwald spruce forest (Germany) using the LandscapeDNDC model. Biogeosciences, 9:3983-3998, doi:10.5194/bg-9-3983-2012

  • Rantakari, M., A. Lehtonen, T. Linkosalo, M. Tuomi, P. Tamminen, J. Heikkinen, J. Liski, R. Mäkipää, H. Ilvesniemi & R. Sievänen. 2012. The Yasso07 soil carbon model - Testing against repeated soil carbon inventory. Forest Ecology and Management 286: 137-147.  doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2012.08.041

  • Ross, D.S., et al. 2015. Inter-Laboratory Variation in the Chemical Analysis of Acidic Forest Soil Reference Samples from Eastern North America. Ecosphere.

  • Simonsson, M., J. Bergholm, B.A. Olsson, C. von Brömssen, and I. Öborn. 2015. Estimating weathering rates using base cation budgets in a Norway spruce stand on podzolised soil: Analysis of fluxes and uncertainties. Forest Ecology and Management 340: 135-152. PDF

  • Truong and Heuvelink. 2013. Uncertainty quantification of soil property maps with statistical expert elicitation. In Geoderma

  • Yanai, R.D., S.V. Stehman, M.A. Arthur, C.E. Prescott, A.J. Friedland, T.G. Siccama, and D. Binkley.  2003.  Detecting change in forest floor carbon.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 67:1583-1593.  PDF

  • Yuan, Z., A. Gazol, F. Lin, J. Ye, S. Shi, X. Wang, M. Wang, and Z. Hao. 2013. Soil organic carbon in an old-growth temperate forest: Spatial pattern, determinants and bias in its quantification, Geoderma 195–196: Pages 48-55