Charles A. Maynard
Professor and Research and Graduate Science Education Coordinator
216 Marshall Hall
One Forestry Drive
Syracuse, NY 13210-2788
(315) 470-6560
cmaynard@syr.edu

Vitae

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
1980 to present Full professor (1994), Associate Professor (1986-1994), Assistant Professor (1983-1986), and Research Associate (1980-1983), forest genetics and tree improvement. SUNY/ESF Faculty of Forestry.

1977-1980 Research Assistant, forest genetics. Iowa State University, Forestry Department.

1975-1977 Forestry Extension Assistant. Iowa State University, Forestry Department.

1974 Field Foreman. Western Maine Forest Nursery Co., Fryeburg, Maine.


DEGREE-DIRECTED EDUCATION

Iowa State University Forest Biology & Wood Science 1980 Ph.D.

Iowa State University Forest Biology 1977 M.S.

Iowa State University Forest Management 1974 B.S.


COURSES, SHORT-COURSES, AND WORKSHOPS COMPLETED

1994 Completed a 12-contact-hour personnel management course entitled How to be the most effective supervisor, at Onondaga Community College.

1994 Attended a one-day seminar entitled Writing grants that get funded, at Onondaga Community College.

1989 Enrolled in an ESF course: EFB 601 Molecular Biology Techniques. This laboratory course covered techniques in DNA extraction and characterization and molecular cloning.

1989 Audited a course at Cornell University: PLBR 653, Plant Molecular Genetics.

1988 Audited an ESF course: EFB 501, Genetic Engineering.

1987 Audited a Syracuse University course: BIO 644, Advanced Molecular Genetics.

1986 Attended the Forest Molecular Biology Summer Workshop, USDA Forest Service Institute of Forest Genetics, Placerville, California July 6-August 4, 1986. The course covered techniques in tissue culture and genetic engineering of conifers and isozyme analysis. Course instructors included Drs. Anne-Marie Stomp and Ron Sederoff, who co-authored the first paper on Agrobacterium tumefaciens infection of a pine, and Dr. Tom Conkle, who pioneered the use of isozymes to study population genetics of forest trees.

1985 Audited a Syracuse University course: BIO 549, Plant and Animal Cell Culture.


MAJOR RESEARCH ACCOMPLISHMENTS
In the early 1980s, I worked closely with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Lands and Forests on their applied forest genetics program. One of my major accomplishments for DEC was to write and begin implementation of a 10-year plan, outlining goals and strategies for tree improvement by the State of New York (Maynard 1983b). Priorities were set among the different species. Existing provenance tests were remeasured (Easley and Maynard 1986, 1987; Maynard 1983a). Pesticides were tested for controlling seed orchard insects (Valenti, Abrahamson, and Maynard 1990). Seed was collected from each tree in three Norway spruce (Picea abies) seed orchards and Norway spruce “plus trees.” In all, nearly 150 Norway spruce seedlots were established in field tests.

Concurrent with my forest genetics activities, I was working with a series of graduate students on developing tissue culture propagation methods for black cherry (Prunus serotina). This project led to a number of important accomplishments. We were the first to establish, multiply, and root black cherry in vitro (Tricoli, Maynard, and Drew 1985), the first to use gibberellin to break dormancy in a forest tree species - it had been used several times on woody horticultural crops (Kavanagh, Maynard, and Drew 1987; Drew, Kavanagh, and Maynard 1988), and the first to identify an enhancing effect of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) on bud break (Kavanagh, Lee, Drew, and Maynard 1993). We were also one of the first research groups to identify an inhibiting effect of blue light on root formation (Fuernkranz, Nowak, and Maynard 1990). Our ten-year-old stand on Heiberg Forest is the oldest field planting of tissue culture propagated black cherry in the country (Maynard 1994). The project, through initial field results, was summarized in a book chapter (Maynard, Kavanagh, Fuernkranz, and Drew 1991).

In 1988, I began working with American chestnut (Castanea dentata), first on pollen collection and storage techniques (Maynard 1991d), then in collaboration with Dr. William Powell, on engineering blight resistance into American chestnut. Early in the project, I transformed a selectable-marker gene into chestnut callus tissue and confirmed transformation using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique (Maynard 1991a). My graduate students and I also worked on rooting techniques (Maynard, Satchwell, and Rieckermann 1993), and more recently on embryogenesis and acclimatization (Xing, Satchwell, and Maynard. 1996). Dr. Powell has developed a series of small polypeptides that are capable of killing fungal spores in vitro (Powell, Catranas, and Maynard 1995). We tested them on chestnut, willow, and petunia tissue in vitro and found most to be non-phytotoxic. Dr. Powell chose the smallest peptide that still retained strong antimicrobial activity but had little plant toxicity, designed a gene to code for it and had the gene synthesized. In order to improve chances of durable blight resistance, we combined our peptide-coding gene with two other antimicrobial genes in a cassette. We are now testing it for correct expression and toxicity in vivo. To date, we have produced more than 40 putative transformants and are in the process of screening them for stable incorporation and correct expression of the antimicrobial genes.


SOCIETIES AND PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS
International Society for Plant Molecular Biology

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Society for In Vitro Biology (formerly the Tissue Culture Association)

Society of American Foresters

Gamma Sigma Delta

Xi Sigma Pi


TEACHING EXPERIENCE
FOR 332: Silvics (Mendelian & population genetics). My component of a team-taught course required of all juniors in the Resources Management curriculum.

FOR 332: Silvics (plant physiology) In 1995 I taught the plant physiology component of this course for a colleague on sabbatical.

FOR 334: Silviculture (forest tree improvement). My component of a team-taught course required of all juniors in the Resource Management curriculum.

FOR 455: Forest Genetics and Tree Improvement, a senior-level three-credit elective course dealing with the application of plant breeding methods to long-lived perennials: phenotypic selection, provenance and progeny testing, breeding, seed orchard management, seed and pollen collection, storage and testing, as well as tissue culture propagation, isozyme analysis and DNA isolation, RFLP mapping, and germplasm conservation.

FOR 496/796: Forest Genetics and Tree Planting, a senior-level four-credit elective course dealing with the application of plant breeding methods to long-lived perennials: phenotypic selection, provenance and progeny testing, breeding, seed orchard management, seed and pollen collection, storage and testing, as well as tissue culture propagation, isozyme analysis and DNA isolation, RFLP mapping, and germplasm conservation. In addition, the course covers species-sight selection, nursery and containerized propagation of woody plants.

FOR 677: Advanced Forest Genetics and Tree Improvement, a graduate-level three-credit course dealing with the preceding subjects in more depth, plus new material on germplasm collection and utilization, gene flow in populations, speciation and introgression, advanced-generation mating designs, and measurement and statistical analysis of genetics tests.

FOR 797: Seminar on Genetics and Plant Biotechnology, a graduate seminar covering introduction of exotic species, introduction of engineered organisms, measuring and conserving genetic diversity, the ethics and economics of "germplasm prospecting," engineering for multiple traits.

FOR 798: Tissue Culture of Forest Trees, a graduate-level two-credit elective course covering tissue culture and gene-transfer methods as applied to woody plants. The course covers basic cell biology and plant physiology, Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, media optimization for a new species, explanting, multiplication, rooting, and acclimatization of tree species. Laboratory research is emphasized.


REFEREED PUBLICATIONS
Liang, H., C.A. Maynard, R.D. Allen, W.A. Powell. 2001. Increased Septoria musiva resistance in transgenic hybrid poplar leaves expressing a wheat oxalate oxidase gene. Plant Mol. Biol. (in press)

Powell, W.A., C.M. Catranis & C.A. Maynard 2000. Design of Self-Processing Antimicrobial Peptides for Plant Protection. Letters in Applied Microbiology 31:163-168.

Xing, Z., W.A. Powell, and C.A. Maynard. 1999. Development and germination of American chestnut somatic embryos. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. 57:47-55.

Wang J., C. A. Maynard, and W. A. Powell. 1999. An in vitro System of Assessing Resistance of Chestnuts to Colonization by Cryphonectria parasitica Submitted to Phytopathology.

Xing, Z., M. Satchwell, W.A. Powell and C.A. Maynard. 1997. Micropropagation of American chestnut: increasing rooting rate and preventing shoot-tip necrosis. In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol. (33:43-48).

Xing, Z., M. Satchwell and C.A. Maynard. 1996. A rapid polymerase chain reaction method for early screening of transgenic plants. Methods in Cell Science 18:7-13.

Powell, W., C. Catranas, and C.A. Maynard. 1995. Synthetic antimicrobial peptide design. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 8:792-794.

Maynard, C.A. 1994. Six-year field test results of micropropagated black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.). In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 30:64-69.

Kavanagh, K.L., D. Lee, A.P. Drew, and C.A. Maynard 1993. The effects of GA3 and organic solvents on acclimatization of tissue culture propagated black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) plantlets. Forest Science 39:644-654.

Drew, A.P., K.L. Kavanagh, and C.A. Maynard. 1992. Acclimatizing micropropagated black cherry by comparison with half-sib seedlings. Physiologia Plantarum 86:459-464.

Fuernkranz, H.A., C.A. Nowak, and C.A. Maynard. 1990. Light effects on in vitro adventitious root formation in axillary shoots of mature Prunus serotina. Physiologia Plantarum 80:337-341.

Valenti, M.A., L.P. Abrahamson, and C.A. Maynard. 1990. Control of white pine cone beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidane) with carbofuran granules in a New York State white pine seed orchard. Journal of Economic Entomology 83:2349-2351.

Kuser, J.E., C.M. Hunt, C.A. Maynard, D.F. Morrow, S.R. Raymond, and M.K. Reynolds. 1987. Picking early winners among white pine progeny. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 4:66-69.

Maynard, C.A. 1986. Population genetics of forest trees: Implications for the application of in vitro techniques. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 22:231-233.

Tricoli, D.M., C.A. Maynard, and A.P. Drew. 1985. Tissue culture propagation of mature trees of Prunus serotina Ehrh. I: Establishment, multiplication, and rooting in vitro. Forest Science 31:201-208.

Hall, R.B., G.D. Hilton, and C.A. Maynard. 1982. Construction lumber from hybrid aspen plantations in the central states. Journal of Forestry 80:291-294.

Hall, R.B., H.S. McNabb, Jr., C.A. Maynard, and T.L. Green. 1979. Toward development of optimal Alnus glutinosa symbiosis. Botanical Gazette 140(s):120-126.

BOOK CHAPTERS
Powell, W.A. and C.A. Maynard. 1997. Designing small antimicrobial peptides and their encoding genes. pp. 165-172 (Chapter 22) In: N.B. Klopfenstein, Y.W. Chun, M.S. Kim, and M. R. Ahuja eds. M.C. Dillon, R.C. Carman, and L.G. Eskew, tech. eds., Micropropagation, Genetic Engineering, and Molecular Biology of Populus. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-297. Ft. Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 326 p.

Maynard, C.A., K. Kavanagh, H. Fuernkranz, and A.P. Drew. 1991. Black Cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.). Pp. 3-22 In: Bajaj (ed.) Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, Trees III. Springer-Verlag. Berlin. 493p.

Kavanagh, K.L, A.P. Drew, and C.A. Maynard. 1991. The effect of the culture vessel on micropropagation. Pp. 202-212 In: Bajaj (ed.) Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, v. 17: High-Tech and Micropropagation I. Springer-Verlag. Berlin. 555p.

Maynard, C.A. 1988a. Interactions between cloning success and forest tree improvement. Pp. 335-347 In: Valentine, F.A. (ed.) Forest and Crop Biotechnology: Progress and Prospects. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Drew, A.P., K. Kavanagh, and C.A. Maynard. 1988. Comparative growth of micropropagated Prunus serotina plantlets and seedlings in different containers. Pp. 99-111 In: Valentine, F.A. (ed.) Forest and Crop Biotechnology: Progress and Prospects. Springer-Verlag, New York.

OTHER NON-REFEREED WORKS
Maynard, C.A., Z. Xing, and M. Satchwell 1993 Chestnut (Castanea Spp.) and the Chestnut Blight (Cryphonectria parasitica): A Bibliography. Prepared for the New York State Forest Practices Board. 43p.

Maynard. C.A. 1983b. Tree improvement in New York State: Ten-year plan, 1983-1993. Prepared for the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Lands and Forests. 81p.

POPULAR-PRESS WORKS
Maynard, C.A. and W.A. Powell. 1996. Saving the American chestnut through genetic engineering. Part two: Adding defensive weapons in the plant-pathogen battle. New York Forest Owner. September/October, 1996, p. 10.

Maynard, C.A. 1994. The American chestnut and test tubes. New York Forest Owner. March/April, 1994, p. 7.

CONFERENCE PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS
Bickel, S.L., S. P. LaPierre , W. A. Powell , and C. A. Maynard. 2000. Development of potting mixes for acclimatization of American chestnut (Castanea dentata (Marsh. (Borkh)) plantlets. Congress on In Vitro Biology. 2000 Meeting of the Society for In Vitro Biology. San Diego, CA, June 10-15, 2000. Addendum Book Abstract # P-0032

Kopp, R.F., L.B. Smart, L.P. Abrahamson, and C. A. Maynard. 2000. Genetic improvement of Salix at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry. Poster presented at the Wood and Cellulose Building Blocks for Chemicals, Fuels, and Advanced Materials meeting, April 9-11, 2000, Syracuse, NY.

Maynard, C., Z. Xing, S. Bickel, and W. Powell. 1999. Using Genetic Engineering to Help Save the American Chestnut: A Progress Report. Journal of the American Chestnut Foundation, 12 (2):41-56.

Liang, H., C.M. Catranis, C.A. Maynard, and W.A. Powell. 1998. Designing antimicrobial peptides for use in self-processing polypeptides. Proceedings of the IBC's 3rd International Conference on Transgenic plants (Nov. 2-3, 1998, Orlando, FL., USA).

Xing, Z. W.A. Powell, and C.A. Maynard. 1999. Transfer of putative blight resistance genes to American chestnut. Proceedings of the IBC's 3rd International Conference on Transgenic plants (Nov. 2-3, 1998, Orlando, FL., USA).

Catranis, C.M., C.A. Maynard, and W.A. Powell. 1998. Transgenic hybrid poplar expressing genes encoding antimicrobial peptides. Proceedings of The International Congress of Plant Pathology (Scotland, UK).

Catranis, C.M., C.A. Maynard, and W.A. Powell. 1997. Stable transformation of hybrid poplar. Phytopathology 86:S15 (abstract).

Bickel, S.L. and C.A. Maynard. 1997. Testing of cost-effective media support substitutes for tissue culture propagation of American chestnut. Poster presentation at the Spotlight on Research 1997: Graduate and Undergraduate Research Symposium. SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY. April 18, 1997.

Powell, W.A., C.M. Catranis, M.P. Douglas, and C.A. Maynard. 1997. Self-processing residues added to antimicrobial peptide design. Phytopathology 87:S79 (abstract).

Catranis, C.M., C.A. Maynard, and W.A. Powell. 1996. Transformation of hybrid poplar with genes encoding antimicrobial peptides. Phytopathology 86:S26 (abstract).

Xing, Z. W.A. Powell, and C.A. Maynard. 1996. Mature somatic embryos of American chestnut from ovule culture. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Bio. 32:70-71A Contributed paper # P-1017. World Congress on In Vitro Biology, San Francisco, CA, June 22-27, 1996.

Xing, Z., M. Satchwell and C.A. Maynard. 1996. A rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for identification of transgenic plants. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Bio. 32:73-74A Contributed paper # P-1030. World Congress on In Vitro Biology, San Francisco, CA, June 22-27, 1996.

Xing, Z. and C. A. Maynard. 1995. Producing transgenic shining willow (Salix lucida Muhl.) shoots from stem segments via Agrobacterium tumefaciens transformation. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 31:223 (Abstract # SP-1006).

Catranis, C.M., C.A. Maynard, and W.A. Powell. 1995. Antimicrobial peptides: design and application. Phytopathology 86:S26.

Maynard, C.A., L. Abrahamson, E. White, R. Kopp, and M. Satchwell. 1994. Evaluation of somaclonal variation in hybrid poplar. Poster presented at the Biofuels Feedstock Development Program Workshop. October 18-20, 1994. Syracuse, New York.

Satchwell, M. and C.A. Maynard. 1994. Fingerprinting parent clones using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD’s) Poster presented at the Biofuels Feedstock Development Program Workshop. October 18-20, 1994. Syracuse, New York.

Xing, Z. and C. A. Maynard. 1994. Somatic variation among Agrobacterium (Bo542)-mediated transformed hormone-independent callus lines of Salix lucida. In: Mohn, C. A. (ed.) Proceedings of the Second Northern Forest Genetics Association Conference. Pp. 182-188. Roseville, Minnesota. July 29-30, 1993.

Maynard, C., M. Satchwell, and H. Rieckermann. 1993. Micropropagation of American chestnut (Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh.): rooting and acclimatization. Pp. 161-170 In: Proceedings of the Second Northern Forest Genetics Association Conference. July 29-30, 1993. St. Paul, Minnesota.

de Niella, P.R. and C.A. Maynard. 1993. Storage of chestnut and willow pollen. Pp. 171-180 In: Proceedings of the Second Northern Forest Genetics Association Conference. July 29-30, 1993. St. Paul, Minnesota.

Xing, Z. and C.A. Maynard. 1993. Somatic variation among Agrobacterium (Bo542)-transformed hormone-independent callus lines of Salix lucida Pp. 182-188 In: Proceedings of the Second Northern Forest Genetics Association Conference. July 29-30, 1993. St. Paul, Minnesota.

Drew, A.P., K.L. Kavanagh, and C.A. Maynard. 1992. Acclimatizing micropropagated black cherry by comparison with half-sib seedlings. P. 96 In: Proceedings, 12th North American Forest Biology Workshop: The Role of Physiology and Genetics in Forest Ecosystem Research and Monitoring. Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada. August 17-20, 1992.

Maynard, C.A. 1991a. Using PCR to confirm Agrobacterium transformation of American chestnut (Castanea dentata). Abstract No. 927, In: Program and Abstracts of the Third International Congress of Plant Molecular Biology: Molecular Biology of Plant Growth and Development. Tucson, Arizona. October 6-11, 1991.

Maynard, C.A. 1991b. Engineering American Chestnut for blight resistance. Podium paper presented at the National American Chestnut Foundation Annual Meeting, Accokeek, Maryland. October 26-27, 1991.

Maynard, C.A. 1991c. Engineering American Chestnut for blight resistance. Podium paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the New York Chapter of the American Chestnut Foundation. Buffalo, New York. December 14, 1991.

Maynard, C.A. 1991d. Chestnut pollen collection and handling. Journal of the American Chestnut Foundation 5:101-106.

Rocha, S.P. and C.A. Maynard. 1990. In vitro multiplication and Agrobacterium-transformation of willow (Salix lucida). In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 26:43A (Abstract # 111).

Maynard, C.A., and H.A. Fuernkranz. 1989. Shoot regeneration and Agrobacterium infection of Prunus serotina Ehrh. leaves. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 25:30A. (abstract # 78).

Maynard, C.A. 1988b. Controlling the genetic quality of planting stock from forest tree nurseries. Pp. 40-49 In: Proceedings of the Northeastern Area Nurserymen's Workshop. Saratoga Springs, New York. July 11-14, 1988.

Maynard, C.A., K.L. Kavanagh, D.H. Lee, and H. Fuernkranz. 1988. Establishment and initial field performance of Prunus serotina Ehrh. plantlets regenerated from callus and organ cultures. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 24:50A. (abstract # 156).

Fuernkranz, H., J. Miller, and C.A. Maynard. 1988. Light effects on adventitious root formation in axillary shoots of mature Prunus serotina Ehrh. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 24:51A. (abstract # 160).

Kavanagh, K.L., C.A. Maynard, and A.P. Drew. 1987. Tissue culture propagation of mature trees of Prunus serotina Ehrh. II: Acclimatization. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 23:71A. (abstract # 237).

Easley, D. and C.A. Maynard. 1987. Nineteen-year results of white spruce provenance tests in New York State. In: Proceedings of the North Central Tree Improvement Conference. East Lansing, Michigan. August 11-14, 1986.

Maynard, C.A., R.P. Overton, and L.C. Johnson. 1987. The silviculturist's role in tree improvement in northern hardwoods. Pp. 35-46 In: Nyland, R.D. (ed.) Managing Northern Hardwoods: Proceedings of a Silvicultural Symposium. SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, New York. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13 (ESF87-002). June 23-25, 1986.

Easley, D. and C.A. Maynard. 1986. Genetic variation in white spruce and production of improved material. Pp. 109

Fuernkranz, H.A., R.D. Briggs, and C.A. Maynard. 1986. Effects of mineral stress and dark treatments on rhizogenesis in axillary shoots of mature Prunus serotina (Ehrh). Poster presented at The 6th International Congress of Plant Tissue and Cell Culture. University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota. August 3-8, 1986.

Drew, A.P., K. Kavanagh, and C.A. Maynard. 1985. Effects of micropropagation container type on the growth and development of Prunus serotina plantlets. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 21:54A (abstract # 169)

Maynard, C.A. and S.K. Hall. 1985. Production of Prunus serotina plantlets through micropropagation and callus regeneration. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology 21:56A (abstract # 179).

Hall, S.K. and C.A. Maynard. 1985. Initiation of callus and shoot production in Prunus serotina. Presented at the 20th Canadian Tree Improvement Association Conference. University of Laval, Quebec. August 19-22, 1985.

Maynard, C.A., D.M. Tricoli, A.P. Drew, and S.K. Hall. 1984. Prunus serotina in vitro propagation. Poster presented at the International Symposium of Recent Advances in Forest Biotechnology. Traverse City, Michigan. June 10-13, 1984.

Maynard, C.A. 1983a. Twenty-four year results of a Norway spruce seed source test in New York State. Pp. 20-30 In: Proceedings of the 28th Northeastern Forest Tree Improvement Conference. University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire. July 7-8, 1982.

Maynard, C.A. and R.B. Hall. 1981. Early results of a provenance trial of Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. Pp. 184-201 In: Proceedings of the 27th Northeastern Forest Tree Improvement Conference. University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont. July 29-31, 1980.

Maynard, C.A. 1980. Host-symbiont interactions among Frankia strains and Alnus open-pollinated families. Ph.D. dissertation. Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Hall, R.B. and C.A. Maynard. 1979. Considerations in the genetic improvement of alder. Pp. 322-334 In: Gordon, J.C., C.T. Wheeler, and D.A. Perry (eds.) Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in the Management of Temperate Forests, Workshop Proceedings. Oregon State University, Forestry Research Laboratory. Corvallis, Oregon. April 2-5, 1979.

Robison, T.L., C.A. Maynard, J. Thomas, and R.B. Hall. 1978. A germplasm collection and evaluation program for Alnus glutinosa. Pp. 73-85 In: Proceedings of the 26th Northeastern Forest Tree Improvement Conference. Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. July 25-26, 1978.

Maynard, C.A. 1977. Production, clonal propagation, and evaluation of some Populus, section Leuce, hybrids. M.S. Thesis. Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Maynard, C.A. 1976. Rapid growth and high survival shown in (Populus alba x P. grandidentata) x P. tremuloides seedlings. Pp. 30-34 In: Proceedings of the 10th Central States Forest Tree Improvement Conference. Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. September 22-23, 1976.

EXTENSION PUBLICATIONS
Maynard, C.A., A.H. Epstein, and A.E. Cott. 1977. Tree wound treatment and cavity repair. Extension Note Pm-686e. Community Tree Program, Cooperative Extension Service, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. 2p.

Maynard, C.A. and P.H. Wray. 1976. Directory of Iowa nurseries that deal in forest tree stock. Extension Note Pm-669. Cooperative Extension Service, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. 6p.

Maynard, C.A. and D. Prestemon. 1976. Survey of Iowa Christmas tree producers. Forestry Extension Note F-310. Cooperative Extension Service, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. 2p.

Maynard, C.A. and C. Herman. 1975. Design and maintain windbreaks to save heat. Iowa Farm Bureau Spokesman. 42(13):12A.


GRANTS
Projects in Progress
1997 Evaluating Growth and Relative Resistance of Western White Pine (Pinus monticola dougl.) and Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus l.) to White Pine Weevil (Pissodes strobi (peck)) and White Pine Blister Rust (Cronartium ribicola fisch). Agency: New York Center for Forestry Research and Development. PI: Charles Maynard. CoIs: Daniel Robison, Lawrence Abrahamson. $14,733. Duration: One year. Status: Funded, beginning field work.

1996 Custom Design of Antimicrobial Peptide Expressed in Transgenic Plants. Agency: USDA-CSRS Competitive Grants Program. PI: William Powell. CoIs: Charles Maynard and Paul Manion. $121,000. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Ongoing.

1995 Enhancing Disease Resistance in Transgenic Poplar. Agency: McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program. PI: Charles Maynard, CoI: William Powell. $108,929. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Ongoing.

1995 Developing a Transformation Protocol and Evaluating Transgenic American Chestnut (Castanea dentata) Agency: New York State Chapter of the American Chestnut Foundation. PI: Charles Maynard, CoI: William Powell. $35,000. Duration: Two years funded with opportunity for an additional year. Status: Ongoing

1994 Custom Design of Antimicrobial Peptide Expressed in Transgenic Plants. Agency: USDA National Research Initiative, Competitive Grants Program. PI: William Powell. CoI: Charles Maynard, Paul Manion. $121,443. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Ongoing.

1994 Enhancing Septoria Canker Resistance in Transgenic Poplar. Agency: Mr. William Heckrodt. PI: Charles Maynard, CoI: William Powell. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Funded for first two years ($40,000).

1994 Evaluating Transgenic American Chestnut (Castanea dentata). Agency: New York Center for Forestry Research and Development. PI: Charles Maynard. CoI: William Powell. $14,044. Duration: 1 yr. Status Ongoing.

1994 A preliminary Evaluation of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) as a Plantation Species in the Northeastern United States. Agency: International Paper Company. PI: Charles Maynard. $5,711. Duration 1 year. Status: Preparing final report.

1994 Enhancing Disease Resistance in Transgenic Poplar. Agency: McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program. PI: William Powell, CoIs: Charles Maynard and Paul Manion $132,000. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Ongoing.

1994 Propagation of an Historic Landmark: the Balmville Cottonwood. Agency: New York State Department of Environmental conservation/ Audubon Society. PI: Charles Maynard. $500. Duration 6 months. Status: Ongoing.

1992 Field Testing of Hybrid Poplar Somaclonal Variants for Resistance to Septoria musiva. Agency: Research on Energy and Material Conservation Program (REMCO). PI: Charles Maynard, CoIs: Lawrence Abrahamson and Edwin White. $163,168. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Field planting established, initial data collected, awaiting final results.

Projects Completed
1991 Developing an Agrobacterium Leaf-Disc Genetic Transformation System for Willow (Salix spp.). Agency: Research on Energy and Material Conservation Program (REMCO). PI: Charles Maynard. $140,781. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Completed.

1991 Engineering American Chestnut Through Agrobacterium Transformation. Agency: McIntire- Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program. PI: Charles Maynard, CoI: William Powell. $69,598. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Completed.

1991 Review of the Literature and Ongoing Research on American Chestnut. Agency: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Forest Stewardship Program. PI: Charles Maynard. $2,500. Duration 1 yr. Status: Completed.

1991 Engineering Blight Resistance into American Chestnut (Castanea dentata). Agency: New York State Science and Technology Foundation. PI: William Powell, CoI: Charles Maynard. $42,000. Duration: 1 yr. Status: Completed.

1991 Engineering Blight Resistance into American Chestnut (Castanea dentata). Agency: New York State Science and Technology Foundation. PI: William Powell, CoI: Charles Maynard. $37,000. Duration: 1 yr. Status: Completed.

1991 Engineering American Chestnut. Agency: New York State Chapter of the American Chestnut Foundation. PI: Charles Maynard, CoI: William Powell. $5,000. Duration 1 yr. (In 1992, the project was extended and an additional $5,000 awarded.) Status: Completed.

1988 Developing Pollen Collection, Handling, and Storage Techniques for American Chestnut (Castanea dentata). Agency: American Chestnut Foundation. PI: Charles Maynard. $5,340. Duration: 7 months. Status: Completed.

1988 Developing a Leaf-Disk Genetic Transformation System for Prunus serotina. Agency: McIntire- Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program. PI: Charles Maynard. $54,920. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Completed.

1988 Champion International Cooperative Assistantship in Silviculture. Agency: Champion International Corp. PI: Ralph Nyland; CoI: Charles Maynard. $31,500. Duration: open ended. Status: Field tests established, preliminary measurements completed.

1987 Refining Seed Orchard Management and Seed Certification Techniques. Agency: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. PI: Charles Maynard. $72,041. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Funded for year one but placed on hold for subsequent years.

1986 Developing Callus, Cell Suspension, and Protoplast Culture Systems for Prunus serotina. Agency: McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program. PI: Charles Maynard. $44,800. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Completed.

1984 Developing Management Strategies to Increase the Quality and Quantity of Seed Orchard Seed. Agency: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. PI: Charles Maynard. $95,216. Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Completed.

1983 Micropropagation and Clonal Testing of Phenotypically Superior Prunus serotina Ehrh. Agency: McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program. PI: Charles Maynard, CoI: Allan Drew. $93,820 Duration: 3 yrs. Status: Completed.

1983 Propagation of Plantlets from Clonal Black Cherry. Agency: USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. PI: Charles Maynard. $1,400. Duration: 2 yrs. Status: Completed.

1982 Provenance and Progeny Testing to Improve Productivity of the New York Seed Orchards (Renewal). Agency: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. PI: Charles Maynard. $45,748. Duration: 2 yrs. Status: Completed.

1981 Provenance and Progeny Testing to Improve Productivity of the New York Seed Orchards. Agency: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. PI: Charles Maynard. $26,000. Duration: 1 yr. Status: Completed.

1980 Developing an Adapted Base Population of Alnus glutinosa. Agency: SUNY Research Foundation, University Awards Program. PI: Charles Maynard. $3,743. Duration: 2 yrs. Status: Completed.